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50 terms

Ch. 26 Anatomy Reproductive System

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Uterus
fundus, body, and cervix
Uterus
attached to both the fallopian tubes and vagina
Uterus
endometrium and myometrium
Perineum
skin-covered muscular region between the vaginal orifice and the anus
Fallopian tubes
also called the oviducts
Uterus
the growing fetus lives here for 9 months
External genitals
mons pubis, labia, and clitoris; also called the vulva
Ovaries
female gonads
Ovaries
graafian follicle and corpus luteum
Ovaries
target of FSH and LH
Interstitial cells
cells that secrete testosterone
Epididymis
coiled tubular structure that sits on top of the testes; site of sperm maturation
Seminiferous tubules
cells that produce sperm
Penis
copulatory organ
Testes
target of FSH and LH
Urethra
proximal end of this structure is surrounded by the prostate gland
Scrotum
the sac or pouch that holds the testicles
Prepuce
the foreskin; it gets circumcised
Vas deferens
tubular structure that extends from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct (pelvic cavity)
Urethra
the tip of this structure contains the urinary meatus
The seminiferous tubules
are tightly coiled structures that produce sperm
This structure carries both urine and sperm
urethra
This state is caused by the filling of erectile tissue with blood
erection
Which of the following is least characteristic of testosterone
secreted by the prostate gland
Emission
refers to the movement of sperm and glandular secretions from the testes and genital ducts into the urethra
Interstitial cell-stimulating hormone
stimulates the testicular cells to secrete testosterone
The embryo
implamts within the uterus
The fundus forms the upper part of this structure
uterus
The corpus luteum
lives on the ovary
This hormone promotes the maturation of the egg and helps develop the female characteristics
estrogen
Which of the following is least characteristis of prgesterone
is secreted by the anterior pituitary gland
A midcycle surge of LH is responsible for
ovulation
The ovaries and the testes
respond to gonadotropins
Which structure contains 23 chromosomes
sperm
Which of the following is true of the vas deferens, ejaculatory duct, and the urethra
carry sperm
the prostate gland
surrounds the upper portion of the urethra and the contributes to the formation of semen
Which of the following is not located in or on the ovary
fertilized ovum
The cervix, fundus, and body are
parts of the uterus
The fimbriated edge of the fallopian tubes
swoops up the egg at ovulation
The broad ligament
supports the uterus
The oviduct or fallopian tube
is the site of fertilization
The acrosome
contains enzymes that assist the sperm to fertilize an ovum
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
is secreted by the anterior pituitary gland
A woman is likely to develop a vaginal yeast infection after taking antibiotics because they
alter the normal flora of the vagina
Ligation of (tying off) the cas deferens
causes sterility
The myometrium
contracts during labor
Estrogen and progesterone are
secreted by the ovaries
In the nonpregnant state
hormonal secretion of the corpus luteum gradually declines
The proliferative phase of the uterine cycle
immediately precedes the uterine secretory phase
An elevation of plasma levels of estrogen and progesterone
prevents the release of FSH and LH