ap early republic essay
Terms in this set (32)
A nickname of a woman, or an image representing a group of women, who was said to have fought in the American Revolutionary War
An idea linked to republicanism that elevated the role of women. It gave them the prestigious role as the special keepers of the nation's conscience. Educational opportunities for women expanded due to this. Its roots were from the idea that a citizen should be to his country as a mother is to her child.
Nineteenth-century idea in Western societies that men and women, especially of the middle class, should have different roles in society: women as wives, mothers, and homemakers; men as breadwinners and participants in business and politics
daughters of liberty
An organization formed by women prior to the American Revolution They got together to protest treatment of the colonies by their British Rulers
Treaty of Paris, 1783
This treaty ended the Revolutionary War, recognized the independence of the American colonies, and granted the colonies the territory from the southern border of Canada to the northern border of Florida, and from the Atlantic coast to the Mississippi River
Treaty of Fallen Timbers
Seven tribes had to sign it with America. It says that these natives can't live in the area of the Ohio River Valley, so they move towards the west. It was significant because it made more expansion of the United States territory.
Mad Anthony Wayne
The leader of the army that crushed the Indians of the Northwest Territory in 1794., American general during the American Revolution (1745-1796)
Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom
1779 - Written by Thomas Jefferson, this statute outlawed an established church and called for separation of Church and State. (Disestablishment)
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may not establish an official religion.
free exercise clause
A First Amendment provision that prohibits government from interfering with the practice of religion.
remember the ladies
Rebellion led by Daniel Shays of farmers in western Massachusetts in 1786-1787, protesting mortgage foreclosures. It highlighted the need for a strong national government just as the call for the Constitutional Convention went out.
(GW) In 1794, farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey, and several federal officers were killed in the riots caused by their attempts to serve arrest warrants on the offenders. In October, 1794, the army, led by Washington, put down the rebellion. The incident showed that the new government under the Constitution could react swiftly and effectively to such a problem, in contrast to the inability of the government under the Articles of Confederation to deal with Shay's Rebellion.
Land Ordinance of 1785
A law that divided much of the United States into a system of townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Created the Northwest Territory (area north of the Ohio River and west of Pennsylvania), established conditions for self-government and statehood, included a Bill of Rights, and permanently prohibited slavery
A compromise between Southern and Northern states reached during the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 in which three-fifths of the population of slaves would be counted for enumeration purposes regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives.
Fugitive Slave Act
1793 law Strengthened by the Compromise of 1850; the law allowed Southerners to send bounty hunters to the North to retrieve runaway slaves; Northerners resisted this act in 1850s by aiding escaping slaves and by passing "personal liberty laws"
separation of powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Written anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional.
Citizens who were in favor of ratifying the Constitution, they wanted a strong national government
A collection of 85 articles written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison under the name "Publius" to defend the Constitution in detail.
They opposed the ratification of the Constitution because it gave more power to the federal government and less to the states, and because it did not ensure individual rights. Many wanted to keep the Articles of Confederation. The Antifederalists were instrumental in obtaining passage of the Bill of Rights as a prerequisite to ratification of the Constitution in several states. After the ratification of the Constitution, the Antifederalists regrouped as the Democratic-Republican (or simply Republican) party.
well known British social critic, women should decide what's in their own interest, only education could given women tools they need to compete with men, understanding but also critical, women do have duties, but should have right, philosophes leave them out
cult of domesticity
idealized view of women & home; women, self-less caregiver for children, refuge for husbands
Articles of Confederation
This document, the nation's first constitution, was adopted by the Second Continental Congress in 1781 during the Revolution. The document was limited because states held most of the power, and Congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.
Also known as Tories, these colonists maintained their allegiance to the king. Almost 60,000 fought and died next to British soldiers, supplied them with arms and food, and joined in raiding parties that pillaged Patriot homes and farms. In New York, New Jersey, and Georgia, they were probably in the majority. Toward the end of the war, about 80,000 emigrated to Canada or Britain rather than face persecution at the hands of the Patriots. They tended to be wealthier and more conservative
At the age of 21, she dressed up as a man in order to fight in the American Revolution; is the first documented woman to impersonate a man to get into the army; was awarded an honorable discharge and pension; and proved that women could be of some use in the war.
tarring and feathering
used to frighten tax collectors; often accompanied by pouring hot tea down their throats
Anglican church was disestablished everywhere (even after it changed its name to Protestant Episcopal Church) post Revolutionary War
Hamilton's Report on Industry
Hamilton outlined a Report in 1791 that praised efficient factories with many workers. Hamilton firmly believed in industrializing to create jobs, improve technology, and promote emigration. In opposition, Jefferson believed in the landowning family farmers.
Hamilton's Report on Manufacture
outlined a plan for stimulating growth of industry and spoke of advantages to society of a healthy manufacturing sector (products to be taxed, imports to be tariffed); moving toward independent commercial economy and thriving manufacturing sector