Terms in this set (34)
Foster Care provides 6
temporary emergency care of a child, relief for a parent when he or she cannot manage stress, time for a parent to solve problems, a different home experience or protection for a child, care until institutional treatment is available, care until release for adoption or adoption is approved.
The national commission on family foster care suggests that family foster care fulfill 5 tasks
protecting and nurturing all ages of children.
Improve developmental delays and meeting social, emotional and medical needs resulting from all types of abuse, neglect and maltreatment.
Enhancing self esteem, family relationships, and cultural and ethnic identity.
Developing and implementing a plan for permanence.
Educating and socializing children and youth toward successful transitions to young adult life, relationships, and responsibilities.
Charles Brace contributions
Founded the NY children's aid society 1853- designed to advocate 4 and solve the problem of dependent children.
Charles britwell contributions
member of the children's aid society of Boston.
created supervised boarding homes- with the idea of rescuing "good" children from "bad" parents.
foster care etc
government did not become involved in the system until the 20th century
helped weak families who previously needed to place their children in asylums or homes stay together and maintain a functional system
The indian child welfare act of 1978 and the adoption assistance and child welfare act of 1980
emphasized the preservation of the childs family. efforts made to save the family unit with a variety of services so child won't be affected by separation.
Today foster care emphasis
Family consistency, attempting to strengthen or preserve the family unit while recognizing that foster care may be necessary alternative. push towards kinship care if needed.
Foster care defined
the effort to protect the best interests of the children in our society. to offer care within a family environment when their own homes are temporarily unable to do so. when extended fam is not able to provide a home for them, FC is next option.
Types of foster homes 4
crisis or emergency foster homes, family boarding homes, small group homes, specialized foster homes.
accept children at anytime day or night and keep for limited time while other arrangements are being made.
family boarding homes
have children for longer periods, months or years. foster parents are paid different by child and job. usually children receive a clothing allowance & medical benefits such as medicaid.
specialized foster home
set up to deal with particular populations of children. usually, these parents are better trained, receive more support, and are better paid then the average foster parent.
small group home
family that takes in small groups of children, often sibling or adolescents. home may function like a boarding home or specialized home.
care of children by a relative, close family friend, godparent, tribe or clan member when parents aren't able to care for them. started in black culture but now all cultures. recent study shows children placed in this care have fewer behavioral problems.
kinship care cons
quality of care given by untrained caregivers,
questions about if the standards should be applied to these homes as other types of homes.
benefits might not compensate for loss of privacy & need to attend training.
Potentional foster parents must be studied, trained, and supervised.
Child Welfare league kinship care policy and practice committee- 8 factors considered in assessment of homes.
nature and quality of the relationship between child and relative.
Kinship parents ability and desire to protect the child from further abuse or maltreatment.
Safety of the kinship home and ability of kin to provide a nurturing environment for the child.
Families willingness to accept the child into home.
Kin parents ability to meet the childs developmental needs.
nature & quality of the relationship between the birth parent and the relative, including birthparents opinion about placement of the child with kin.
Any family dynamics in home related to the childs abuse or neglect.
presence of alcohol or other drug involvement in the home.
foster parent recruitment
variety of ways- public service announcements, newspaper ads, tv spots, personal contacts.
problem with media recruitment
many of applicants may lack the necessary qualities to become foster parents.
roles of foster parent
must mix caring for kids with realistic expectations of kids who are often reacting to tough lives. also refine their parenting skills beyond those expected of most parents. have a strong sense of themselves and their own abilities, and are able to tolerate a variety of behaviors from children that some other homes might find intolerable.
resistance to extensive use of kinship care 3
if natural parent abused or neglected child, their relatives might behave in similar ways.
children's relatives might be difficult to locate, requiring more social worker energy for recruitment.
parents contacted for a particular child are less aware of the child welfare policies and may be less interested in cooperating with agencies in the interests of the child.
common stressors experienced by foster parents 7
handle a variety of behaviors, to provide foster care while considering the needs of their own family members. own children may not understand the needs of the foster children, or mimic behaviors that parents do not appreciate.
constantly aware of the dynamics of their own families. parenting techniques under constant observation. criticized by birthparents. visits by natural parents.
foster parents as a part of the team 7
participate in ongoing training, monitor and record the behavior of children in their care, participate in foster care reviews, as advocates for their foster children & as professionals with vital info to contribute to an overall assessment of the children, help natural parents by providing role models, aiding them in understanding their children, or discussing parenting skills such as behavior management, discipline, and the management of challenging health care issues.
attitude and reaction of birth parents with children in foster care
shock, feelings of inadequacy that can manifest in a variety of ways. some parents eat more, drink or drug more, or act out in other ways. cultural reasons for reaction- some parents become hostile and threatening. others protest with silence. many get stuck in anger stage, easier to be angry than acknowledge the hurt. after anger comes despair- depressed & unmotivated.
responsibilities of birth parents with children in foster care 4
encouraged to visit their children while children are in foster care, especially if plan is family reunification. involvement with foster home helps the child to adjust, involvement may be therapeutic to natural parent. if child returns home the maintained contact may smooth the return.
rights of birth parents with children in foster care.
to see treatment plan- outline of what is expected from them and what the agency will provide them.
to attend all court hearings concerning their children. parents are not always informed of rights and also not always able to act on their rights due to anger.
children's feelings about placement in foster care
sadness, want to be at home, lonely, unlovable, abandoned, to blame for situation, guilty, confused,fear, shame,
children in foster care separation
protect younger siblings, increase the impact of separation. robs the older child of home and the responsible role he or she needed. makes younger child more vulnerable and alone.
children in foster care feelings about natural parents
natural parents must still be in life. easier for child to still have contact with natural parents.
children in foster care feelings about foster parents
some are so hampered by previous experiences they are unable to trust and bond with others, see them as threatening or going to let them down. young children see foster care as the first consistent care they have ever had.
reasons children leave foster care 4
natural parents altered life and can have their children back home, some who can't adjust to foster home move to institution designed to cope with behavior foster care could not handle, age out. many legislations helped these young adults excel in life.
TRENDS permanency planning and family preservation
open adoption-provides consistency while still offering permanency.
permanent foster homes or guardianship arrangements- possible for consistency
TRENDS attention to special populations in foster care
drug addicted parents or those born addicted to substances. HIV positive mothers or themselves HIV positive. fostered youth known to be gay or lesion. agencies working to train staff in order to help children handle these issues.
TRENDS training and professionalization of foster parents
more involved in training and therapeutic intervention. some agencies see them as employees and treat them as such, but each agencies defines foster care professionalization differently