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Arts and Humanities
COJO 2010 Midterm
University of Wyoming COJO 2010 quizzes 1-5 questions
Terms in this set (70)
Rachel is called on to speak in front of her Theories of Education class. She has gained confidence and competence in her public speaking class, a term that your text calls
Translating ideas and images in the speaker's mind into verbal or nonverbal messages that an audience can understand is termed
When an audience member translates the speaker's verbal and nonverbal messages into information and ideas, this process is known as
Colin had researched, outlined and practiced his speech carefully, but on the day he was to give the speech, his girlfriend broke up with him, He found it impossible to keep his mind on his speech or his audience and continually lost his place. What public speaking term best describes this situation?
Head nods, murmurings, facial expressions, and eye contact from audience members are all terms of
The environment or situation in which a speech occurs is termed
One of the ways that public speaking and conversation are different is that public speaking is
What a public speaker says and how she or he says it is referred to as
The message itself
A speaker transmits a message through two channels
visual and auditory
The most current model of communication argues that communication is a simultaneous process involving the sender and receiver. This model is known as the:
Transactional model of communication
According to our power point lecture, speaking apprehension is defined as:
Fear or Anxiety associated with real or anticipated communication with others.
Speaking apprehension can impact what areas of our lives?
*How long we stay in romantic relationships
*The location we choose to sit in the classroom
*The occupations we choose
Willow practices her speech in the mirror, records herself and in front of her friends. What method is Willow using to improve her confidence?
Make practice real
All of the following are steps used in the deep breathing technique except one Please entity the one that in not used.
Close your eyes and picture yourself succeeding
When you picture yourself walking confidently to the front of the room and delivering a well prepared opening remarks you are practicing what type of speech anxiety reducing technique?
Taking a public speaking class will reduce your speech anxiety because you are focusing on what speech anxiety reducing technique?
Sally worried about how her audience will feel about her presentation. She decided that, instead of worrying she will focus on reviewing her main ideas, her introduction. and her conclusion. What content building strategy is she using?
Focus on the message of your speech instead of your fear
While seated and waiting to speak you keep both feet on the floor and wiggle your toes, you grab the side of your chair and squeeze it, and light tense and release the muscles in your legs. This technique is known as:
Channeling your nervous energy
All of the following except one are ways to build your confidence as you speak.
Avoid overthinking your introduction and conclusion
Bill replaced any negative thoughts he had in his mind with positive messages. He then repeated the positive messages before giving his speech. Bill is
Giving himself a positive pep talk.
Being an audience-centered public speaker:
influences every step of the speech making process
When you make a list of your own interests, and just begin writing as many topics rated to these as you can think of without stooping to consider them you are using a technique known as
The three types of general speech purposes are
to entertain, to inform, and to persuade
The speaker statement to the behavioral change she or he wants from the audience is known as the:
A complete, declarative sentence that summarizes your speech is known as the
When wording the statement of your _______ use verbs that refer to observable or measurable behavior.
Searching for logical divisions in a subject is a strategy for
determining the main ideas
Sam presented an informative speech on hurricanes. He described the origins of hurricanes, how they develop, which areas of the earth are prone to hurricanes, how hurricanes are rated, the damage they do and what to do when one hits. The speech was dry and the audience when bored. From this description, what was Sam's mistake?
Failing to narrow his topic
The three major divisions of a speech are
the introduction, the body, and the conclusion.
"I'm going to talk about the sport of racquetball, including the history of the game, some of the basic equipment used when playing racquetball and some of the health benefits derived from the sport," An audience member would recognize this as
a blueprint statement
How can a speaker adapt to an audience that disagrees with their message?
remind the audience of their credentials or background
According to the Speaking Out workbook, learning to _______ and _______ are intellectual achievements that must be taught and learned.
read and write
Analyzing and adapting to your audience as you speak
necessary as part of the complete audience-centered speaker
According to the Speaking Out workbook which of the following is not a difference/similarity between oral and written communication?
According to the Speaking out workbook, writing a speech and a paper have similarities in the following areas EXCEPT
Both use immediacy
This word is used to describe all variation in the voice that accompany speech and help convey its meaning.
Jamie begins her speech: "Legendary baseball player Hank Aarons death on January 22, 2021 was felt by baseball fan worldwide. Not only was Hank Aaron known for breaking Babe Ruth's home run record but he also for using his baseball platform to champion civil rights" You recognize this type of introduction as
a reference to a recent event
"Remember, Jackie Gleason once said, 'The greatest waste of money is to keep it.'" This statement is an example of what method for creating effective conclusions?
The willingness to listen to different viewpoints and understand beliefs and values other than your own is known as
Our beliefs values, and moral principles by which we determine what is right or wrong are our
Because we hear so many sounds simultaneously, the first stage of listening is to
How can you become a better listener?
Be a selfish listener
In an informative speech to a group of high school juniors. Tori talked about how college can change your life, about the change in her confidence level from her first year to her senior year. Although college seemed a long way off for her audience, they listened intently. Tori made her speech interesting by
presenting information that related to their lives.
The three goals of an informative speech are to present information so that your audience will
think, remember, and ponder.
The method a speaker uses to arrange her or his main ideas is termed
the organizational pattern.
The pattern of speech organization used in a speech topic that progresses in order of time is
a chronological pattern
When your central idea naturally divides into various areas to be supported, the organizational pattern is
If your speech topic concerns something that occupies physical space, the organizational pattern may be
Hypothetical illustrations description and opinions are considered to be
When you save the most important material for last. you are using the principle of
The main reason to use previews, summaries, and signposts is to
help the audience follow the organization and remember key points
a change in facial expression, a pause, an altered vocal pitch or speaking rate, or a movement all may indicate a
Mandy's save the whales" speech was very effective because she started off with some stories about whales, then she moved into facts, statistics, and sources. Which principle of support material organization did Mandy effectively use in her speech?
"soft" to "hard" evidence
In a speech. Aisha says "You should now understand the three most recommended methods for improving your ability to recall people's names the repetition method the word association method, and the visual imagery method. I hope you will put these methods into practice and you will remember my name the next time you see me in the hall." What device is Aisha making use of in her speech?
a final summary
The ultimate goal of outlining to
ensure that all main idea and sub points fit together and flow smoothly
Gina shows her preparation outline to a classmate, Fran, who says that Gina has done it wrong because she used complete sentences instead of key phrases or single words. Who's right?
Gina, because a preparation outline should be drafted in complete sentences
What is wrong with the following speech preparation outline?
I. Star Trek television series
A. The original Star Trek
B. Star Trek: The Next Generation
C. Star Trek Voyager
II. Star Trek movies
A. Six movies from the original series
B. Original actors in each movie
III. Future Developments
The man points and sub points are not written as complete sentences
The speakers outline which contains the specific purpose, the introduction all main ideas with supporting material, and a conclusion is
the delivery outline
Why should you use complete sentences in a preparation outline, according to the text?
because this will help you judge the coherence of the speech
What is the major benefit of using correct outline form?
What is one of the features of the standard outline form?
Use at least two subdivisions, it of any for each point
When developing a preparation outline, you should write out everything but
directions for delivering your speech
Collecting information about an audience concerning their age range, gender, and ethnicity is part of
a demographic analysis
All of the following except ________ are ways speaker can provide closure in a speech
saying "thank you"
In a psychological analysis which of the following are reflections of the audience's likes or dislikes?
should write out your introduction and conclusion word for word
This usually comes at the end of the introduction
preview main points
If you are worried about speaking too fast in a speech should you write "slow down" type notes to yourself on your speaking
Yes notes written in the margins of a delivery outline can help a speaker adjust the delivery.
An examination by the speaker of the time and place of the speech, size of the expected audience, and the speaking occasion is
A situational analysis
What is ethnocentrism?
the attitude that ones own cultural approach superior to those from other cultures
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