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40 terms

The European Conquest of the Americas

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Vikings
These people came across North America in the eleventh century.
Columbus
In the fifteenth century, this man discovered North America.
Europeans
Because of this discovery the ________ increased their power and and dynamism suring the half millennium.
Waterway
The Americas had a well-developed interior _______ that were free of obstructions and ofered easy acess to the interior of the country.
Climate
The _____ in the Americas is attrative, ranging from the hot and humid Amazon Basin to the cold North.
Rio Grande
The _________ is the river between Mexico and the United States.
Peru
The Spaniards generally lived in Mexico and _____, their two principle centers.
Indians
The ______ were said to have been there 20,000 years before the "discovery" of the Americas
Alaska
After the ice age, the sea level lowered creating a land bridge from Siberia to _______
Arrows
The Indians used______
Regimentation
The Indians were weakened by
Aztecs
The concept of war as a short-term ritual endeavor was a weakness for who?
The Indians
These people were decimated by epidemics
Pizarro
The natives believed that Cortez and _____ were gods
Win
The Spanished killed to ______
Numbers
The Europeans lacked what in terms of soldiers?
Guns
The Europeans used _______ in battle.
Spaniards
These people came to conquer the Americas and were often referred to as conquistadors
Aztecs
________ were Native Americans who occupied the region around Mexico City at the time of the Spanish conquest.
Cataclysm
A violent upheavel that causes great destruction or brings out a fundamental change is______________
South America
Incas were ancient natives of what continent?
Quechua
___________ is a member of a South American Indian people in Peru who were formerly the ruling class of the Inca Empire
Nobility
Aristocracy refers to _________
Hereditary
Passed genetically, or capable of being passed genetically, from one generation to the next is the definition for __________
Assimilation
_________ is the process in which one group takes on the cultural and other traits of a larger group
Mesoamerica
_________ is a region of Central America and southern North America that was occupied by several civilizations, especially the Maya, in pre-Columbian times.
1500
By A.D _______ the New World had reached the stage of civilization that Egypt and Mesopotamia had attained about 2500 BC.
2000
How many distinct languages were spoken?
23
According to Anthropologists, how many culture areas were in the New World?
Yucatan
Where were the Mayans located?
Arts
What did the Mayans help develop?
Tenth
What was the last century of flourishing for the Mayans?
Texcoco
What Lake did the Aztecs settle on?
Chinampas
What did the Aztecs use to create more arable land?
Tenochtitlan
What was the capital of the Aztec empire?
Yahgans
Who were the least intelligent Amerindian tribe?
Venice
What did conqueror Cortes compare the capital of the Aztec empire to?
Unity
What was lacked among the Indians?
Hearts
The Aztecs offered what to the gods?
Agriculture
The Indians were brilliantly successful in ________.