Art Content Knowlege artists

Review of Artists and Artwork
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Eugene Delacroix
Led French Romantic Movement
Uses expressive brush strokes and emphasis on color rather than clarity of outline and form.
Use of intense areas of light.
Giorgio Chirico
Known for his contributions to the world of metaphysical painting
Had a lot of influence on surrealist painters
Jacob Lawrence
Used flattened figurative shapes and bright contrasting colors to depict scenes related to the experience of African Americans
John Constable
English landscape painter.
Used natural color stippled with white to demonstrate changing seasons and weather
Jean Corot
Active member of the Barbizon School, a group of naturalist landscape painters in France
Pivotal figure in landscape painting
Hi work both references the Neo-Classical tradition and anticipates the plein-air innovations of Impressionism.
Nam June Paik
First video artist
Robert Mapplethorpe
Known for large-scale, highly stylized black and white portraits, photos of flowers and nude men, along with celebrity portraits and homoerotic subjects.
Diego Rivera
Mexican painter know for painting Social / political murals. Helped establish the Mexican Mural Movement.
Jean Michel Basquiat
Artist born in NY, of a Haitian + Puerto Rican descended, who started as a graffiti artist in and evolved into an acclaimed Neo-expressionist and Primitivist painter
Salvador Dali
A Spanish surrealist artist and one of the most important painters of the 20th century. He was a skilled draftsman, best known for the striking, bizarre, and beautiful images in his surrealist work. His painterly skills are often attributed to the influence of Renaissance masters.
Vincent Van Gogh
Dutch postimpressionist painter noted for his use of color (1853-1890). Experimented with sharp brush lines and bright colors.

"I put my heart and my soul into my work, and have lost my mind in the process."
-Van Gogh
Diego Rivera
What Mexican artist painted murals in Detroit, New York, and San Francisco?
Frida Kahlo
famous female artist from Mexico whose art work was influenced by the personal tragedies in her life.
Married to Diego Rivera
Diego Rivera
Mexican Muralist who created artworks in Mexico and the U.S. focusing on political messages.
Rembrandt
Dutch painter who painted portraits of wealthy middle class merchants and used sharp contrasts of light and shadow to draw attention to his focus 1606-1669
Francis Bacon
Expressionism
semi-abstracted figures, fondness of triptychs and disturbing themes.
Alexander Calder
Kinetic Sculpture. Invented the mobile
Alexander Calder
This artist created sculptures that moved in space.
Christo
Created large land works many consisting on wrapping vast natural areas. create new ways of seeing familiar landscapes.
El Greco
(1541-1614)
a. Greek artist who did most of his greatest work in
Spain
b. Perhaps the greatest of the Mannerists with his use
of elongated figures and unnatural pigments
c. Burial of Count Orgaz (1586-88) and Toledo (1597)
are two important examples of his work
Thomas Eakins
Realism
Specialized in painting the everyday lifes of working-class men and women and used the new technology of serial-actions photographs to study human anatomy and paint it more realistically.
Piet Mondrian
Dutch painter whose work (intersecting lines at right angles and planes in primary colors) influenced the development of abstract art (1872-1944)
wassily kandinsky
was a Russian painter, printmaker and art theorist. One of the most famous 20th-century artists, he is credited with painting the first modern abstract works.
marcel duchamp
[1887-1968] French painter who became a prominent exponent of DaDa created shocking pieces with his readymades -found objects.
He painted a mustache on the Mona Lisa which he called L.H.O.O.Q
leonardo da vinci
Italian painter, engineer, musician, and scientist. The most versatile genius of the Renaissance, Leonardo filled notebooks with engineering and scientific observations that were in some cases centuries ahead of their time. As a painter Leonardo is best known for The Last Supper (c. 1495) and Mona Lisa (c. 1503).

First to study and record the human body through pictures and paintings. He was a scientist, inventor, and artist. Born in Vinci, Italy on APril 15th, 1452.
donatello
This sculptor created sculptures that were a naturalistic variation on classical sculpture. He also brought back free-standing statues, which required greater anatomical detail and accuracy. His pieces are easily characterized by long, flowing robes.
Verrochio
sculptor, scupted 'david' depicted undeveloped, jewish boy david and florence's freedom loving spirit. boy stands challenging over goliath's head
I.M. Pei
Pritzker Prize-winning Chinese-born American architect, known as the last master of high modernist architecture.
Joseph Beuys
was a German performance artist, sculptor, installation artist, graphic artist, art theorist and pedagogue of art.
His extensive work is grounded in concepts of humanism, social philosophy.
His career was characterized by passionate, even acrimonious public debate, but he is now regarded as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century.
claes oldenburg
A pop artist who produced soft sculptures of gigantic everyday objects made of canvas and vinyl such as food, toilets and mixers.
James Whistler
(1834-1903) A member of the realist movement, although his works were often moody and eccentric. Best known for his Arrangement in Black and Grey, No.1, also known asWhistler's Mother.
Edgar Degas
A nineteenth-century French painter and sculptor. Among his preferred subjects were ballet dancers and scenes of cafe life.
Henry Moore
British Abstract Sculptor He was the most influential and famous scuplturer of his generation; Famous for his large abstract forms...
Louise Nevelson
assembled found objects and wood scraps in boxes, stacked together to make one large composition. usually painted in black and white
Paul Gaugin
a post-Impressionist artist (1848-1903), Gaugin, who was susceptible to depression, thought that European art lacked deep symbolism, and he was therefore drawn to the art forms in different lands such as South America, Japan, and Africa. Some of his paintings include "Where Do We Come From?" and "The Yellow Christ."
claude monet
a French painter who used a impressionism called "super-realism," capture overall impression of the thing they were painting
Romare Bearden
1. Images concerned with his own personal experiences, history, literature, and art
2. Lived during the Harlem Renaissance, affect by intellectual, artistic, and political happenings
3. Collages use a lot of materials: fabrics, paper, foil, photographs, etc
Blaue Reiter, Der (The Blue Rider)
a group of avant-garde German Expressionists
Brucke, Die (The Bridge)
German Expressionist painters from Dresden working c. 1905
French curves
Inspired a famous series of works by Frank Stella in the early 1980's. Designs that are created using flat drafting tools with curved edges and voluted cut-outs.
Barnett Newman
Known for his abstract expressionist works that were created with blocks of color and vertical lines, that he referred to as zips.
The Fourteenth Street School of New York City
Refers to the work of Kenneth Hayes Miller and his students in the mid-1900's. All members were realists in the tradition of the Italian Renaissance.
Josiah Wedgwood
A prominent English potter instrumental in raising pottery and china to a fine art.
Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi
built the Statue of Liberty
Nam June Paik
Who was the first video artist, often associated with video installations?
Erich Lessing
An Austrian photographer associated with Magnum Photos, who photographed politics in postwar communist Europe.
Aaron Douglas
A Harlem Renaissance painter whose work celebrates African American versatility and adaptability, depicting people in a variety of settings. 1899-1979
Paula Modersohn-Becker
A German painter and one of the most important representatives of early expressionism.
The Limbourg brothers
Très Riches Heures is a Gothic Book of Hours painted in part by whom?
James Van Der Zee
The most accomplished, comprehensive black photograph in history. His style was stark realism and dreamy romanticism. Know for photographs of Harlem, NY.
Kathe Kollwitz
German Expressionist whose work offered an eloquent and often searing account of the human condition, and the tragedy of war, in the first half of the 20th century.
Jenny Holzer
conceptual artist known for incorporating text into her work
Basquiat
Neo expressionist artist
e began as an obscure graffiti artist in New York City in the late 1970s and evolved into an acclaimed Neo-expressionist and Primitivist painter by the 1980s.
Robert Smithson
constructed the Spiral Jetty
William Blake
painter and printmaker of Romantism.Blake is held in high regard by later critics for his expressiveness and creativity, and for the philosophical and mystical undercurrents within his work.
Works:
The Song of Los
The Lovers Whirlwind
Ancient of Days
Thomas Gainsborough
a British portrait and landscape painter.
Works:
The Blue Boy
Poussin's Arcadian Shepherds
Possin was a French painter in the classical style.Themes of tragedy and death are prevalent in Poussin's work.[13] Et in Arcadia ego, a subject he painted twice (second version is seen at right), exemplifies his cerebral approach. In this composition, idealized shepherds examine a tomb inscribed with the title phrase, which is usually interpreted as a memento mori: "Even in Arcadia I exist", as if spoken by personified Death.
What artists were influenced by Japanese prints?
Degas and Cassett
List pop artists
Rothko, Warhol and Litchenstein
What surrealist was known for strange juxtaposition and use of scale?
Rene Magritte
Julio Gonzalez
head sculpture- use of metal and negative space
Who designed the Barcelona chair?
Mies Van
der Rohe (and Lilly Reich).
Frank Lloyd Wrights Prairie house was influenced by what style?
Japanese art and buildings
Who made large portraits of friends?
David Hockney
Mexican Diego Rivera was Known for painting what?
Social Murals
What is color field painting?
Name some artists.
Color Field painting is a style of abstract
painting in which dominates form and texture.
Helen Frankenthaler
Mark Rothko
Clyford Still
Sam Gilliam
Characteristics of Holy Trinity by Massacio
...
Name Depression Artists
Eli Jacob, Jack Markow and James Turnbull Diego Rivera, Stuart Davis Thomas Benton
Picasso's "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon"is inspired by what?
African masks
Who was the Harlem Renaissance artist who photographed Harlem?
Van Der Zee
Name Abstract Expressionist Artists
Kandinksky
Gorky
Hoffman
Graham
Pollock
Willem de Kooning,
Philip Guston
What was 'Pointillism', which artists are associated with it, and how did it make use of new knowledge in Color Theory?
Pointillism is a form of painting in which tiny dots of primary-colors are used to generate secondary colors. It is very similar to Divisionism, except that where Divisionism is concerned with color theory, Pointillism is more focused on the specific style of brushwork used to apply the paint.
Artists:
Gerorges Seurat
Paul Signac
Henri Edmond Cross
Who is I.M. Pei?
Chinese architect, designed Pyramide du Lourve
How did Frida Kahlo's life experiences come into her artwork?
Drawing on personal experiences, including her marriage, her miscarriages, and her numerous operations, Kahlo's works often are characterized by their stark portrayals of pain.
She combined elements of the classic religious Mexican tradition with surrealist renderings
Rodin
Sculptor. was a naturalist, less concerned with monumental expression than with character and emotion.[42] Departing with centuries of tradition, he turned away from the idealism of the Greeks, and the decorative beauty of the Baroque and neo-Baroque movements. His sculpture emphasized the individual and the concreteness of flesh, and suggested emotion through detailed, textured surfaces, and the interplay of light and shadow.
Albrecht Dürer
is considered one of the greatest printmakers of all time. Working with both woodcuts and copper engravings, he attained a level of detail that is virtually unsurpassed.
Known prints:
The Four Horsemen of the Acoplycolase
The Knight, The Death and the devil
Melencholia
St. Jerome
Joseph Beuys
was a German performance artist, sculptor, installation artist, graphic artist, art theorist and pedagogue of art.
Artwork: Performance : How to Explain Pictures to a Dead Hare
Why is Michelangelo considered one of the world's greatest artistic talents?
his versatility in the disciplines he took up was of such a high order that he is often considered a contender for the title of the archetypal Renaissance man,
Eugène Delacroix
Liberty Leading the People, 1830
Rembrandt
Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp, 1632
Jacques-Louis David
(30 August 1748 - 29 December 1825) was an influential French painter in the Neoclassical style, considered to be the preeminent painter of the era. Marked the shift from Rococo towards Classical austerity. David was the strongest influence in French art of the early 19th century on academic Salon painting.
Oath of Horatii
Jacques-Louis David (1784)
considered a paradigm of Neoclassicism.
The Death of Marat
Jacques-Louis David (1793) Neoclassical
One of the most famous images of the French Revolution.
Francisco De Goya
(30 March 1746-16 April 1828) was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker regarded both as the last of the Old Masters and the first of the moderns. The subversive imaginative element in his art, as well as his bold handling of paint, provided a model for the work of later generations of artists, notably Manet, Picasso and Francis Bacon.
The Third of May 1808
Francisco De Goya (1814) -Romanticism
Diverging from the traditions of Christian art and traditional depictions of war, it has no distinct precedent. The painting's content, presentation, and emotional force secure its status as a groundbreaking, archetypal image of the horrors of war.
Saturn Devouring His Children
(modern painting referring to Goya's painting) c. 1819-1823
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saturn_Devouring_His_Son
Newton
William Blake 1795.
Grande Odalisque
Ingres 1814 -Neoclassical
Ingres' contemporaries considered the work to signify Ingres' break from Neoclassicism, indicating a shift toward exotic Romanticism.
Ingres
French Neoclassical artist. He assumed the role of a guardian of academic orthodoxy against the ascendant Romantic style.
The Slave Ship
J.M.W. Turner 1840
English Romantic maritime painting.
John Constable
e (11 June 1776 - 31 March 1837) English Romantic Painter. Inspired the Barbizon School. Along with Turner considered to inspire both the Impressionist and Realist movements.
J.M.W Turner
(23 April 1775 - 19 December 1851) was a British Romantic landscape painter. Was considered a controversial figure in his day, but is now regarded as the artist who elevated landscape painting to an eminence rivalling history painting. His work is regarded as a Romantic preface to Impressionism.
The Blue Boy
Thomas Gainsborough 1770
The Thinker
Rodin 1902
Barbizon school
part of an art movement in France towards Realism in art, which arose in the context of the dominant Romantic Movement. Tonal variations, minimal color, loose brushwork and softness of form.
Artist:
Rosa Bonheur
Jean-Baptiste Corot
Millet
The Gleaners
Millet 1857
Barbizon school
Barabara Kruger
Melencholia
Albrecht Dürer 1514
St. Jerome
Albrecht Dürer
The Knight, The Death and the devil
Albrecht Dürer
Poussin, Nicolas
the leading painter of the classical French Baroque style. His work is characterized by clarity, logic, and order, and favors line over color. Most of his works are history paintings of religious or mythological subjects that very often have a large landscape element. 1594-1665
Daumier, Honore
was a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on social and political life in France in the 19th century.
Rue Transnonain
Honore Daumier, 1834
Gustave Courbet
a French painter who led the Realist movement in 19th-century French painting. The Realist movement bridged the Romantic movement (characterized by the paintings of Théodore Géricault and Eugène Delacroix) with the Barbizon School and the Impressionists. Courbet occupies an important place in 19th century French painting as an innovator and as an artist willing to make bold social commentary in his work. Worked directly from photographs.
Burial At Ornans
Gustave Courbet, 1849-50 realist
Manet, Edouard
One of the first 19th-century artists to approach modern and postmodern-life subjects, he was a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism. (1832 -1883)
Olympia
Manet, Edouard 1863
refer to Titian's "Venus of Urbino"
Titian
an Italian painter, the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school. One of the most versatile of Italian painters, equally adept with portraits, landscape backgrounds, and mythological and religious subjects. His painting methods, particularly in the application and use of color, would exercise a profound influence not only on painters of the Italian Renaissance, but on future generations of Western art. 1488-1576
Venus of Urbino
Titian. 1538 Renaissance
Hokusai
a Japanese artist, ukiyo-e painter and printmaker of the Edo period. Printed with woodblock and watercolor. Perfect registration. 1760-1849
Influenced Manet and impressionists towards flatter style of depth in imagery.
Little White Girl
Whistler, 1864