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Terms in this set (15)
This man crafted the social contract theory, This theory states that rulers only have power if those they rule allow it, not through divine means
Movements that Led to the Enlightenment
The Scientic Revolution The Reformation The Renaissance
He, along with Jean le Rond d'Alembert, chronicled the scientific discoveries, new ideas concerning the industry, and other advances in knowledge in their well-known work, the Encyclopédie
Baron de Montesquieu
He wrote The Spirit of Laws during the Enlightenment, which tried to determine the foundation of law
An Enlightenment thinker who tried to incorporate the principles of his day to politics and individual rights, He also dened the Age of Enlightenment before anyone else
Similarities Between Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin
Both of these creators developed works that valued reason or logic above emotional responses
Meaning of the phrase 'the summer soldier and the sunshine patriot'
Paine used this phrase to describe Americans who were only willing to fight when it was easy or convenient
The Great Awakening
This term describes a religious movement that pushed back against the rise of philosophy and science in the Age of Reason, Jonathan Edwards was influential in this movement
The literary period that began after King Charles II returned to the English throne, ending the rule of the Puritans in England
This literary era saw an increase in popularity for the novel, Poems and essays were also popular forms of literary expression in this time
Common Sense by Thomas Paine
Non-fiction work asserting that Americans should fight for independence, It also states that monarchy denies equality, it outlines ideas for government and advocates an American military
A prominent French philosopher during the Enlightenment credited with saying, 'I think, therefore I am'
A time period in which playwrights William Shakespeare and Ben Jonson wrote, It also saw the emergence of metaphysical poetry, such as the works of John Donne
A scientist who developed important theories related to gravity during the Enlightenment, He wrote the influential Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
This Scottish philosopher integrated enlightenment values to economics, supporting free markets and low government oversight
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