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Humanities, Early Modern Europe Test, ch. 23
Terms in this set (23)
Importance of Martin Luther
Challenges church integrity, writings(ninety five thesis) spark a chain reaction of people beginning to rebel, think of alternatives to roman church
King Henry VIII
Started the Anglican Church because he wasn't granted a divorce. Was excommunicated by the Pope.
French theologian. Developed the Christian theology known as Calvinism. Attracted Protestant followers with his teachings.
St. Ignatius of Loyola
- Founded Jesuit Order in 1534 (approved by pope in 1540), Militant arm of Catholic Church to convert people to Catholicism, Went to the New World to preach, Established Jesuit Schools which were originally seminary schools.
members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola. vv educated could outargue most opponents, became vv prominent of early christian missionaries and attracted many asian converts
Council of Trent
A meeting of Roman Catholic leaders, called by Pope Paul III to review doctrines criticized by the Protestant reformers. Acknowledged abuses their priests have made.
Catholic response to the Protestant Reformation, required school's for priests to prevent corruption again. Revived catholic church
This was the Holy Roman Emperor that called for the Diet of Worms. He was a supporter of Catholicism and tried to crush the Reformation by use of the Counter-Reformation
Thirty Years War
(1618-48) A series of European wars that were partially a Catholic-Protestant religious conflict. It was primarily a batlte between France and their rivals the Hapsburg's, rulers of the Holy Roman Empire.
Catherine the Great
Russian leader, improve economic development and conditions. Took part in an example where if ur state isn't strong it will be taken over by another
Peter the Great
czar of Russia who introduced ideas from western Europe to reform the government, improve military using their techniques i.e. draft peasants, offer better pay, rigorous training,modern weapons
Peace of Westphalia
the peace treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War, set up a system for states to healthily compete but not try to overtake each other. recognize each state as it's own independent area.
(1638-1715) Known as the Sun King, he was an absolute monarch that completely controlled France. One of his greatest accomplishments was the building of the palace at Versailles.
Palace constructed by Louis XIV outside of Paris to glorify his rule and subdue the nobility. Nobles could stay there and it would promote Louis having absolute rule. i.e. laws, large army, industries trade roads and canals, increased boundaries by way of war.
A reference to the political events of 1688-1689, when James II (puritan) became dictator and was replaced by his daughter Mary and her husband, Prince William of Orange. then came an agreement where the leader must work with parliament (who represents the people)
(1585-1642) Minister to Louis XIII. His three point plan (1. Break the power of the nobility, 2. Humble the House of Austria, 3. Control the Protestants) helped to send France on the road to absolute monarchy.
English Civil War
Conflict from 1640 to 1660; featured religious disputes mixed with constitutional issues concerning the powers of the monarchy; ended with restoration of the monarchy in 1660 following execution of previous king
famous painter who did a painting of King Louie XIV
an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state. Helped grow industrialization, didn't benefit everyone but generated wealth for state, rapid urbanization and population growth promoted it and vice versa
old diseases become less affective bc of better diets sent from America's. population grows and rapid urbanization starts because of industrialization
supply and demand
an economic concept that states that the price of a good rises and falls depending on how many people want it (demand) and depending on how much of the good is available (supply), brought in enormous wealth, suspicions arose that dutch and others would take advantage of drastic situations for profit
ex. English East India Company. Large trading companies, used commercial industry to their advantage, had extra communication and transportation networks. Global economy concept, ancestors to multinational corporations
system of merchant-capitalists "putting out" raw materials to cottage (rural) workers for processing and payment that was fully developed in England
Useful bc of cheap and plentiful workers
first example of organized efficient industrial system
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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