Psychology's Key Contributors

Terms in this set (54)

developed the concept of psychosocial development through which identity forms in 8 stages from birth to later years. After each stage, an identity crisis occurs that determines who we are. The identity crisis leads us to either choosing growth or stagnation.
1. Trust vs. Mistrust (0-1) - as a baby, whether or not your needs are met determines if you are generally able to trust the world or not
2. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (1-3) - conflict between child's and parent's wants. if she explores: autonomy, if shut down: independence is bad and shameful
3. Initiative vs. Guilt (3-5) - if parents encourage the initiative to use her cognitive/social skills to meet challenges at this age: ability to plan + initiate new things. if discouraged: inability/guilt to future plan
4. Industry vs. Inferiority (5-12) - if she directs her energy into working at/completing tasks, she will develop feelings of industry, but if she struggles, then she may feel inferior/incompetent
5. Identity vs. Role Confusion (12-20) - if she can transition from carefree, irresponsible teenager, to purposeful adulthood, she'll develop confidence/positive identity. if not: role confusion, low self-esteem, and becoming socially withdrawn
6. Intimacy vs. Isolation (20-40) - relationships with intimacy are caring, whereas without it, one feels isolated: impersonal relations
7. Generativity vs. Stagnation (40-65) - generativity is created through raising our own children or others, but a lack of involvement in younger lives leads to stagnation: having done nothing for the younger generation
8. Integrity vs. Despair (65-death) - reflecting on life. feeling good about what we accomplished yields integrity, whereas if we only see a series of crises, problems, and bad experiences, we will have despair.