17 terms

CP 4, (63 - 65) The Community in Health of the Individual, Family and Community

STUDY
PLAY
Community
A specific population or group of people living in the same geographic area under similar regulations and having common values, interests and needs. Maybe a small neighborhood in a major urban city, or a large rural area encompassing a small town. Formed by characteristics of people, area, social interaction, and common familial, cultural, or ethnic heritage and ties. - People interact, and share resources.
Factors Affecting Community Health:
Number of availability of healthcare institutions and services, Housing codes, police and fire departments, nutritional services for low-income infants, mothers, school-aged children (e.g., lunch programs), and older people, Zoning regulations separating residential and industrial areas, waste disposal services and locations, air and water pollution, food sanitation, health education services and dissemination, recreational opportunities, violent crimes or drug use.
Example of a Healthy Community:
Offers access to healthcare services for all members of the community, which provide both treatment for illnesses and activities to promote health, has roads, schools, playgrounds and other services to meet needs of the people in the community, provides and maintains a safe and health environment.
Social Support Systems:
All the people who help meet financial, personal, physical, and emotional needs. Family, friends, and neighbors.
Community Healthcare Structure
Has a direct effect on the health of the people living within it. (e.g., how far someone has to travel to get healthcare).
Economic Resources
Financial and insurance coverage affect an individuals access to healthcare services within a community.
Environmental Factors
Both has helpful and harmful effect on health. (e.g., quality of air and water, livestock wastes or chemical, lack of transportation, distance to services, and location of services).
Community Based Nursing
Centered on individual and family healthcare needs. Provides interventions to manage acute or chronic health problems, promote health, and facilitate self care. Must be culturally competent and family centered.
Community Health Nursing
Focuses on population within a community.
Community Based Nursing Awareness Factors:
Availability and accessibility of services and supplies, and public health services. Facilities (such as daycare or long term care), housing, and the number and type of agencies providing services.
Community Based Nursing Activities:
Promote health of individuals, as caregivers within institutional settings, and as community-based healthcare provides. Provide community services as volunteers in health-related activities (e.g., screenings, educational programs, and blood drives) and as role models for health practices and lifestyles.
Community Based Nursing Settings:
Home care, community health centers, school nursing, occupational nursing, and independent nursing practices.
First Level of Maslows Hierarchy of Basic Needs:
Physiologic.
Second Level of Maslows Hierarchy of Basic Needs:
Safety and Security.
Third Level of Maslows Hierarchy of Basic Needs:
Love and Belonging.
Fourth Level of Maslows Hierarchy of Basic Needs:
Self-esteem.
Fifth Level of Maslows Hierarchy of Basic Needs:
Self-Actualization.