Film 104 Terms
Terms in this set (71)
When movement in a shot is represented as taking place at greater speed than it did in reality. Also knoen as fast motion
The height-to-width ratio of the projected screen image
Lighting in which the main source of illumination is directed towards the camera, thus tending to throw the subject into silhouette
Angle of view on the subject as established by the position of the camera. HIGH ANGLE means that the camera is looking down on the subject. LOW ANGLE means that the camera is looking up at the subject.
A way of filming real-life scenes without elaborate equipment, playing down the technical and formal means of production (script, special lighting, etc.) and emphasizing the circumstantial reality of the scene. The term is applied to the documentary work of Jean Rouch, the Maysles, Richard Leacock and others.
A shot in which a small detail or a face fills the frame, taken either by setting the camera close to the subject or by using a long focal-length lens. In relation to a human subject, close-up usually refers to a shot of the face alone although, of course, there may be close-ups of hands or feet, or any other part of the body.
The aesthetic arrangement of all the graphic elements within the screen image to achieve a desired distrubution and balance of light, mass, shadow, color, and movement.
A style of editing marked by its emphasis on maintaining a continuous and seemingly uninterrupted flow of action.
The alternation of shots of two or more locations inviting us to find a relationship between two or more events.
1) Noun: A transition made by editing two pieces of film together. 2) Verb: To edit a film by selecting shots and splicing them together.
In continuity editing, a shot which does not include any part of the preceding shot and which bridges a jump in time or other break in the continuous flow of action within a scene.
Day for Night
Daylight exterior shots simulating night through the use of filters and underexposure.
When movement in a shot is represented as taking place at a slower speed than it did in relaity. Also known as slow motion.
A cinematographic strategy whereby objects in the immediate foreground to a great distance appear in equally sharp focus at the same time.
Depth of Field
Distance between the nearest and furthest points at which the screen image is in reasonably sharp focus.
Editing Technique: gradual merging of the end of one shot into the beginning of the next produced by the super-imposition of a fade-out onto a fade-in.
A shot taken while the camera is in motion
To record dialogue or other sound to match action in shots already filmed.
A tilted image in which the subject appears on a diagonal or off-balance.
The splicing together of separate shots.
A shot showing the location of the scene or the arrangement of the characters, often the opening shot of a sequence.
Extreme Long Shot
A shot notable for the extreme distance of the camera from the subject.
A shot taken at the height of normal vision.
An optical effect used as a transitional device in which the image on the screen gradually goes to black (fade-out) or emerges from black (fade-in).
The distribution of light within the image so that bright and dark tones are not highly contrasted.
A shot or sequence which takes the action of the story into the past, either as a reminder of an earlier event the audience has witnessed or to indicate the recollections of one of the characters.
A shot or sequence which takes the action of the story into the future.
A cut from one scene to the next on the basis of similar geometrical, textural, or other compositional values.
1) Noun: One single picture on a piece of motion picture film. 2) Noun: The boundaries of the screen image. 3) Verb: To compose a shot so as to include, exclude, or emphasize certain elements.
An optical effect in which action appears to come to a dead stop, achieved by printing a single frame of motion picture film many times in succession.
A shot in which part of the background is painted or photographed in miniature on a glass lid and placed in front of the camera so as to blend in with the rest of the image
A shot made with the camera held in hand, not on a tripod or other stabilizing fixture.
The distribution of light within the image so that bright tones predominate.
A decorative transition in which the image appears to come to a dead stop, achieved by printing a single frame of motion picture film many times in succession.
A cut that jumps forward within a single action, thus creating a sense of discontinuity. An ellipsis in time without the bridging effect of a cutaway.
A shot taken with the camera at a distance from its subject.
The distribution of lighting within the image so that dark tones and shadows predominate.
Medium Close Up
A shot taken with the camera at a slight distance from the subject. In relation to a human subject, usually refers to a shot of the head, neck and shoulders.
Medium Long Shot
A shot taken with the camera at a distance from the subject, but closer than a long shot.
A shot taken with the camera at a mid-range point from the subject. In relation to a human subject, usually refers to a shot of the human figure from the waist up.
A term used in reference to the staging of a scene in a play or film when considering as a whole the settings, the arrangements of the actors in relation to the setting, props the lighting, etc. Commonly used in film criticism to describe the impact of the arrangement of elements within the frame of a single shot.
1) French: The joining together or splicing of shots or sequences--in a word, editing 2) American: A rapid succession of shots assembled, usually by means of superimpositions and/or dissolves, to convey a general visual effect, such as the passing of time. 3) Russian: The foundation of film art. "The building up of film from separate strips of raw material" (linkage)--Pudkovin; or "an imagist transformation of the dialectical principle, montage as the collision of ideas and 'cinematographic' conflicts"--Einstein
"Hit Out Sound" These initials are written on the clapboard and briefly filmed at the beginning of a shot to designate shooting without synchronous sound recording. The term is "mit" rather than "with", we are told, necause of the influence of many German film directors who emigrated to Hollywood during the early sound era.
Any device carried out by the film laboratory and requiring the use of an optical printer. Dissolves, fades, and wipes fall under this category.
A shot in which the camera remains in place but moves horizontally on its axis so that the subject is constantly re-framed.
A device carried out by the film laboratory and requiring the use of an optical printer.
A shot of a person reacting to the main action as a listener or spectator.
A trick shot in which the subject is filmed against a background that is itself a motion picture screen. Upon this screen another image - either moving or still - has been projected as a backdrop. Also known as a process shot.
A shot taken by a camera positioned opposite from where the previous shot was taken.
Raw, unedited footage
Music composed for a film.
An artificially constructed environment in which action is photographed.
A cinematographic strategy whereby all objects appear soft because none are perfectly in focus. Often used for romantic effect.
1) A recording of the sound portion of a film 2) A narrow band along one side of a print of a dilm in which sound is recorded in the form of a light trace of widths.
The division of the projected film frame into two or more sections, each containing a separate image
A shot taken from a library of film footage, usually of famous people, places, or events.
A shot which represents the point of view of a character. Often a reverse angle shot, preceded by a shot of the character as he or she glances off-screen.
A shot in which one or more images are printed on top of one another, as in ghost effects or titles.
A shot in which the camera pans so rapidly that the image is blurred.
A shot in which a camera lens longer than normal focal length is employed so that the depth of the projected image appears compressed.
A shot encompassing three persons
shot in which camera head rotates vertically on its fixed axis so that its subject is continually compressed.
Credits. In silent film, written commentary and dialogue spliced within the action.
A shot in which the camera moves parallel to its moving subject.
A shot taken from a moving object, such as a car or a boat
A shot encompassing two actors, often in close-up.
Commentary by an unseen character or narrator.
A shot in which a camera lens of shorter than normal focal length is employed so that the depth of the projected image appears protracted.
Any aspect ratio wider than 1.33:1, the standard ratio until the early 1950s and the introduction of various frame formats of greater width (CinemaScope, Techniscope, VistaVision, Panavision, eyc.)
A transition from one shot to another in which a line appears to travel across the screen removing, as it travels, the first shot as it reveals the second.
The simulation of camera movement toward or away from the subject by means of a lens of variable focal length.
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