Terms in this set (53)
Who opened the exhibited avant-garde work after she fled 1942 Europe?
Describe the characteristics of Abstract Expressionism. (2pts)
The abstract artists typically have surrealism backgrounds, as seen in their fascination with dreams and myths. They also focused on the unconscious effect on creativity. They had an affinity for the expressive quality of paint. Many of the painters of this time were considered action or gesture painters, reflective of the derivations from expressionism.
3.Name the Abstract Expressionist artist who painted a series of women in the 1950's.
Willem de Kooning
Describe Gorky's Garden in Sochi
This painting is depicting childhood recollections that exemplifies Gorky's most characteristic innovations. There are colorful shapes, bound by delicate curvilinear outlines. This creates a sense of fluid motion. The paint seems to be applied sparsely.
5.Who said "On the floor I am more at ease...?"
6.Who coined the phrase "action painting"?
Pollock, Rothko, and Gorky all worked in what style before becoming Abstract Expressionists?
7.Explain Greenburg thoughts on subject matter in painting? (2pts)
Greenburg thought that the subject matter of a painting had nothing to do with the intrinsic value. He defends abstract art, and does not dismiss it's quality due to it's lack of intense subject matter.
9.The Artist and his Mother reflects the influence of _____. How?
The geometric character of the faces resembles the geometric emphasis seen in early Cubism.
10.What shape was characteristic in Rothko's paintings?
"Chromatic Abstraction" is another term for ________.
Color Field Painting
11.What is the focus of Frank Stella's painting?
The quality of a picture as an object in itself
13.Describe Stella's Hard-Edge Painting technique.
The painting of stripes of flat color that are outlined with a precise edge
14.What style would one identify with Diebenkorn?
West coast abstraction
Oil on canvas, Hans Hofmann
Acrylic on canvas, Helen Frankenthaler
Polished stainless steel, David Smith
16.What is an Assemblage?
The artistic process of combining two objects to create two or three dimensional artwork
What are some of the objects Louise Nevelson placed in "Black Wall?"
Furniture parts and carpentry tools
Define Pop Art. How did it originate? (2pts)
The imagery is derived from commercial sources, the mass media, and everyday life. These artists strove for objectivity through the imagery of objects. This new art form can be traced to early twentieth century fondness of found objects and assemblages.
What artist used flags as his subject matter?
Robert Rauschenberg's, Black Market was inspired by _____ by ___
What technique did Rauschenberg use to create Retroactive I?
Silk-screen print with oil on canvas
Which Pop Artist was most likely to have painted repetitious advertising images?
What was Warhol's famous assertion?
"I want to be a machine"
What was Roy Lichtenstein's subject matter?
Describe Segal technique of portraiture?
Segal would form casts of individuals and take them off piece, by piece. He would put them back together as a hollow shell, and fill them with plaster. This would create a figure that is made of plaster.
What type of objects did Oldenburg depict, and how?
He depicted small everyday objects, very largely.
Dropped Cone, Cologne, Nordrhein-Westfalen
Apple Core, Isreal Museum, Jerusalem
How did Op artists produce kinetic effects on canvas?
Through the use of arrangements of color, lines, and shapes or any combination of these elements.
Define Minimalism. What is its goal? (2pts)
Minimalism can be defined as direct statements of geometrical form. The medium is the only source of contemplation, the main goal being elimination of artists role in the work.
Name the Minimalist whose primary medium was fluorescent lights:
Why is Eva Hesse considered a Post-Minimalist? What makes her work different from the work of other Minimalists?
She conspicuously wrote her autobiography into her work.
Explain Conceptualism? (2pts)
These are minimalist extremist that even eliminated the materials of art. This left only the idea, or concept of the art. The mental concept takes precedence over the object.
List three elements used in Coyote, I Like America and America Likes Me?
Crook, newspaper, felt blanket
Where did Beuys perform Coyote?
Rene Block Gallery in New York.
1. What lead to the development of Super Realism?
The popularity of photography, its relationship to Pop Art, and the belief that it permits an objective record of reality led to the development of Super Realism.
Who was the first artist to create a large number of portraits of other artists?
3. List two examples of trompe l'oeil.
The Cowboy, Duane Hanson and Mask II, Ron Mueck
4. Sherman's self-portrait as The Fornarina differs from Raphael's The Fornarina in being __________.
What did Buckminister Fuller design the Geodesic Dome for?
He believed the world's problems could be solved through technology and sought to create things that could suit wide purposes while keeping costs low
6. Describe Post-Modern architecture? (2pts)
It is electric. It combines past styles to create a whole new vision. They reject the idea that "form follows function." The form of the features are created without regard for their historical content.
7.What do the curvilinear roof forms of the Bilboa Guggenheim refer?
Which New York building, designed by Azha Hadid, was most influenced by the Bauhaus?
The IBA housing comples
8. List the proponents of Environmental Art:
Art that has made a temporary impact on the environment
Which artist has the nickname "The Wrapper?"
Christo and Jean Claude
11. Where was the Spiral Jetty located?
Great Salt Lake Utah
What was Jean-Michael Basquiat inspired by?
13. Describe the controversy surrounding Mapplethorpe's exhibit at the Cincinnati Contemporary Arts Center. (2pts)
This portrait reveals Mapplethorpe's homosexuality. He is portrayed as a transvestite and as an androgynous male-female figure. The conservative politicians and religious leaders started a campaign against federal funding for the arts. Freedom of expression should not be endorsed if it is offensive, is their argument.
Describe one instillation project installed in the Guggenheim.
Jenny Holzer installed a program that was 105 minutes long and consisted of 330 verbal messages that were conveyed through vivid color lights.
15. Over ____ (number) people worked on The Dinner Party, which was the conception of _ _____. She co-founded the first ____ _______]______ art program in the U.S.
Judy née _Cohen
16. Who uses black silhouettes to address issues of being black in the United States?
How does the quote "The more things change, the more they remain the same" relate to contemporary art? Give one example from your text (this example must be a specific work of art.) (2pts)
Contemporary art seems to echo the art that has been through so many changes throughout the years. Regardless of the intention, the artist seem to recreate the art of the past. One example is I.M. Pei's Louvre Pyramid in Paris and the Pyramids at Giza, Egypt. These two art pieces are very similar, however the times have changes very drastically. These things have come full circle in changing, to come back to remaining the same.