15 terms

Classic Presentations 5

classic presentations from first aid for USMLE step 1
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No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Sheehan's syndrome (pituitary infarction)
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech
Charcot's triad 1 (multiple sclerosis)
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Cheyne-Stokes respirations (central apnea in CHF or ↑ intracranial pressure)
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Cold agglutinin disease (autoimmune hemolytic anemia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae, infectious mononucleosis)
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Raynaud's syndrome (vasospasm in extremities)
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Osler's node (infective endocarditis)
Painless jaundice
Cancer of the pancreatic head obstructing bile duct
Palpable purpura, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Henoch-Schonlein purpura (IgA vasculitis affecting skin and kidneys)
Pancrealic, pituitary, parathyroid lumors
Wermer's syndrome (MEN 1)
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Pink puffer (emphysema: centroacinar [smoking], panacinar [α1-antitrypsin deficiency])
Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty, cafe-au-lait spots, short stature in a young girl
McCune-Albright syndrome (mosaic G-protein signaling mutation)
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Fanconi's syndrome (proximal tubular reabsorption defect)
Positive anterior "drawer sign"
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Horner's syndrome (sympathetic chain lesion)
Pupil accommodates but doesn't read
Argyll Robertson pupil (neurosyphilis)