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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (46)
son of Aphrodite (goddess of love) and Anchises. He led the Trojan survivors of the war between the Greeks and Trojans to Italy and thus became the legendary founder of the Roman people.
brother to Menelaus (husband of Helen of Troy). Agamemnon was leader in the Greeks' attack on the Trojans to recover Helen from Troy. His wife, Clytemnestra, plotted with her lover to murder Agamemnon when he returned from the war with Troy. His daughter, Electra, then revenged his death at the hands of Clytemnestra and her lover by killing Clytemnestra. The Electra Complex derives from Electra's obsession with her father and her killing of her mother
one of the bravest of the Greek warriors in Homer's Iliad, the story of the Greek and Trojan wars. He was also dull-witted so has become a prototype of the strong but dumb fighter.
Greek goddess of love; her Roman name is Venus
son of Zeus; the sun god or god of light. He was also the god of prophecy, healing, and music and was protector of the herds
Greek goddess of fertility, virginity, the hunt, childbirth, and the moon
Greek goddess of war and wisdom; daughter of Zeus who sprang full-grown out of his head.
Roman goddess of the dawn. Represents daybreak.
Roman god wine; god of fertility. Also known as Dionysus. Associated with fertility rites, orgies, and, eventually, by the Middle Ages, associated with Satanic rituals and witchcraft.
daughter of Priam, King of Troy. She prophesied the conquest of Troy by the Greeks and the destruction of Troy. She represents the idea of prophesizing doom.
In Greek mythology, a monstrous dog the guarded the entrance to Hades.
Roman fertility goddess (associated with grain/cereal). Demeter to the Greeks.
In the Odyssey, lover to Odysseus. A "Siren" or seductress.
In Greek mythology, a nymph who was turned into a laurel tree. The tree is sacred to Apollo because he fell in love with Daphne and chased her until she was turned into a tree to preserve her virginity.
Queen of Carthage and lover to Aeneas, founder of Rome. Their love ended tragically when he betrayed her.
The part of Hades where heroic and noble live.
Greek philosopher who believed man should seek pleasure by attempting to achieve peace and tranquility of spirit through a simple life. His philosophy, though, became corrupted by some who professed it: some believed Epicurus taught just to live for the day or physical pleasure.
Greek God of love
Greek god of the underworld.
Greek goddess of the underworld. She became equated later with witchcraft and sorcery
Son of King Priam; great Trojan warrior.
Helen of Troy
A beautiful Greek woman, wife of Menelaus. She was stole by Paris, the son of Priam, the King of Troy. The Greeks then went after her, thus starting the Trojan War.
god of marriage
In Greek mythology, the daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra. She was sacrificed by Agamemnon in return for victory over the Trojans in the Greek and Trojan War.
chief goddess of the Romans, wife of Jupiter. Goddess of childbirth and good counsel.
king of the Roman gods.
River of Oblivion/Forgetfulness in Hades
Roman god of war
Greek sorceress. Wife of Jason. She got mad at him for betraying her with another woman, so she killed his and her two sons to get revenge against Jason.
Italian goddess of the arts and trade. Parallel to Athena, Greek goddess of war and wisdom
Greek goddess of the arts
beautiful Greek youth, son of the river god. He fell in love with his own image when he saw it in a lake/river, and he died of anguish because he could not reach this beloved whom he worshiped.
Roman god of the sea. The Greek name for him is Poseidon
Greek warrior in the Trojan War and wanderer after the war. His wife was Penelope, known for her faithfulness to him in his absence. His son was Telemachus.
Greek god of music
Egyptian god of the underworld. Son of Isis, goddess of the underworld. He experiences rebirth (and is succeeded mythologically by Dionysus and Jesus in this).
beautiful Greek woman of many charms or "gifts." She was given a box filled with evil things and told never to open it, but she did open it. She thus became the source of all evils in the world; however, hope also dwelt in the box. (She is analogous in biblical myth to Eve.)
Son of Priam, King of Troy, who steals Helen from her husband, Menelaus, thus starting the Greek and Trojan wars
Roman god of the underworld
A beautiful mortal girl loved by Cupid, the god of love
Roman god of agriculture
goat-like creatures who live in the forest with wood nymphs. Both nymphs and satyrs were associated with lustfulness. Satyrs got to be associated with Satanism, as well.
In Greek mythology, a blind Theban prophet who foretold many things, including the tragic end of Oedipus's story.
Roman goddess of love. Aphrodite for the Greeks
Roman god of fire. Hephaestus for the Greeks.
Greek king of the gods. Jupiter to the Romans
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