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Terms in this set (64)
A thermometer is a device used to measure what?
Stratus, cirrus, cumulus and nimbus are types of what?
What country experiences the most tornadoes?
True or false? A rainbow is a spectrum of light that appears when the Sun shines onto water droplets in the air.
Blizzards feature low temperatures, strong winds and heavy _______?
Breeze and gale are common terms used to describe the speed of what?
Earth's recent temperature rises which have been linked to human activity is known as global _______?
True or false? The highest recorded temperature on Earth of 57.8 °C (136 °F) was recorded in Tirat Tsvi, Israel.
False (Al 'Aziziyah, Libya)
What is the name of a scientist who studies weather?
What is the driest desert on Earth, the Sahara, the Kalahari or the Atacama?
The Atacama Desert
True or false? The lowest recorded temperature on Earth of 89.2 °C (−128.6 °F) was recorded at Vostok Station, Antarctica.
Balls or irregular lumps of ice that fall from clouds (often during thunderstorms) are known as what?
An avalanche features the rapid descent of _______?
True of false? The most rain fall ever recorded in one year (Cherrapunji, India) is more than 30 meters.
False (25.4 meters)
What is the name of a weather instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure?
An anemometer is used to measure what?
At what temperature is Centigrade equal to Fahrenheit?
Trying to predict the weather is known as weather _______?
The area of central USA that features many tornadoes is known as Tornado _______?
True or false? You see lightning and hear thunder.
Measures how much rain has fallen in an area.
Measures the amount of humidity in the air.
The amount of moisture (water vapor) in the air.
Measures the direction of wind.
Measures wind speed (how fast the wind is blowing).
Measures the amount of air pressure in the atmosphere.
Rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the Earth.
When liquid water turns into a gas (water vapor).
When water vapor (gas) turns back into liquid water. Forms a cloud. Water droplets stick together with dust to form a cloud.
When liquid water collects in streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, etc.
Happens when there is a slope or hill.
Underground water that is trapped.
The air around and above you. A mixture of gases. 21% oxygen and 78% Nitrogen.
The condition of the atmosphere in a certain place at a certain time. Can change from day to day, hour to hour, even minute to minute.
Moving air. Air moves because Earth's surface is heated unevenly.
What heats up faster, land or water?
On a hot summer day, the land heats up faster than the water, since land only has to heat up on the surface and water has to heat up all over.
The weight of air pressing on everything around it. Air presses on objects from all sides, not just down on them.
Air at high altitude is thinner than air at low altitudes. Thinner means that the air molecules are more spread out. As altitude gets higher, air pressure goes down.
Feathery or tufted.
Sheets or layers.
Means "rain cloud."
Means "middle height."
The mass of cooler air that moves into an area.
The mass of warmer air that is moving in.
A steady worldwide wind that blows from West to East. 6,000 to 12,000 meters above Earth's surface.
A dark funnel of strong winds that spiral upward.
Temperate. Very large and violent tropical storms.
A snowstorm with winds greater than 56 kilometers per hour and air temperature below -7 degrees Celsius.
The general weather of an area over a long period of time, such as many years.
Cold and dry. They are located in bands around the North and South Poles.
Warm. They can be wet, dry, or somewhere in between. They are found in a wide band around Earth's equator.
Moderate temperatures that change with the seasons. Precipitation varies from place to place and from season to season. Temperate climates are found in bands between the polar and tropical climates.
The change of water from one state to another and its movement from one place to another on Earth.
What kind of water is water vapor?
Fresh water. When salty ocean water evaporates, it leaves salt behind. Only fresh water enters the air.
Wide bodies of slowly moving water. They are fed by streams and flow down to the ocean. Many rivers are used to transport goods and people.
Ponds and Lakes
Bodies of still water. They are fed by streams. People use them for recreation such as swimming, boating, and fishing. Lakes are deeper than ponds. Some lakes are used for drinking water.
Swamps and Marshes
Shallow and still or very slow-moving. These bodies of water are dotted with large and small plants. They are home for many different kinds of animals.
Water that collects underground. Less than one percent of Earth's fresh water is under ground.
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