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20 terms

Hormones

STUDY
PLAY
Growth Hormone
Anterior Pituitary
Many organs
Promotion of bone growth
Prolactin
Anterior Pituitary
Breasts (female)
Production of breast milk
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
Anterior Pituitary
Thyroid gland
Stimulates thyroid growth and activity
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Anterior Pituitary
Ovaries/Testes
Follicle/perm development of ovaries/testes
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
Anterior Pituitary
Ovaries/Testes
Women: regulates estrogen secretion and ovum development
Men: testosterone production
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
Anterior Pituitary
Adrenal cortex
Regulates endocrine activity of the adrenal cortex, stimulates cortisol release
Melatonin
Pineal Gland
Many organs
Biological clock
Thyroid Hormone
Thyroid Gland
All cells
Major metabolic hormone
Calcitonin
Thyroid Gland
Bone and kidneys
Decreases blood calcium levels
Parathyroid Hormone
Parathyroid Gland
Bone and kidneys
Releases blood calcium levels in the blood
Insulin
Pancreas
Liver and Skeletal Muscles
Allows glucose to cross plasma membrane into cells
Glucagon
Pancreas
Liver and Skeletal Muscles
Allows glucose to enter the blood
Estrogen
Ovaries
Breasts (female), testes (male)
Stimulate the development of secondary female characteristics, regulate menstrual cycle
Progesterone
Ovaries
Uterus, breasts (female)
Helps with menstrual cycle, helps establish and maintain pregnancy
Testosterone
Testes
Sexual organs (male)
Responsible for addle male secondary sex characteristics, promotes growth and maturation of male reproductive system, required for sperm cell production
Cortisol (Cortex)
Adrenal Glands
Many organs
Help resist long-term stressors, released in response to increased blood levels of ACTH
Aldosterone (Cortex)
Adrenal Glands
Kidney
Regulate water and electrolyte balance, brings in Na+ ions
Epinephrine/Norepinephrine (Medulla)
Adrenal Glands
Cardiovascular/Respiratory
Fight or flight
Oxytocin
Posterior Pituitary
Uterus and breasts (female)
Stimulates contractions of the uterus during labor
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Posterior Pituitary
Kidneys
Urine production by promoting water reabsorption by the kidneys