Study guide 10&11
Terms in this set (38)
Where is the respiratory center located?
Which of the following would be the most appropriate choice of an analgesic agent for the patient who has a recent head injury?
Which of the following medications would be the best for treatment of an acute asthma attack?
The best type of medication to treat the cough of a patient with a malignant throat mass would be:
Codeine or a derivative
Which of the following functions does the respiratory system perform?
Exchange of gases
Which of the following produces respiratory depression?
Morphine sulfate (Roxanol)
Beclomethasone, triamcinolone, and epinephrine would be effective in treating which of the following?
Which of the following inhalers contains a corticosteroid agent?
Asthma is a disease caused by which of the following mechanisms?
A patient who has asphyxia might be effectively treated with which of the following?
Medications that might be added to antitussive agents to depress the cough reflex would include which of the following?
Fluticasone and salmeterol (Advair Diskus) is an appropriate treatment for which of the following?
Prophylaxis of asthma
The substance that functions as a respiratory stimulant in the body is:
Which of the following are characteristics of asthma? Select all that apply.
Edema, Airway inflammation, Collagen deposits
A patient who has been digitalized reports to the nurse that she is experiencing nausea, vomiting, and visual disturbances. The nurse will tell the patient that these are:
Early signs of digitalis toxicity, and the amount of medication prescribed may have to be reduced immediately
The antidote for digitalis overdose is:
A patient who has had a myocardial infarction has residual problems with left ventricular dysfunction. Which of the following may be prescribed for this condition?
An angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor
A patient with hypertension has been unable to tolerate ACE inhibitors. Which of the following drugs might be prescribed for the patient instead?
For treatment of atrial fibrillation, which of the following might be prescribed?
Which of the following drugs is extremely effective in controlling and preventing ventricular fibrillation?
Which of the following possible side effects should be mentioned when instructing a patient who is starting treatment with methyldopa (Aldomet)?
Drowsiness, impotence, gynecomastia
In addition to measuring prothrombin times, which of the following is also used to monitor the effectiveness of anticoagulation therapy with heparin?
International normalized ratio (INR)
What is one of the greatest advantages of taking warfarin (Coumadin) for anticoagulation therapy instead of heparin?
It can be taken by mouth
Alteplase (Activase) is useful in the treatment of myocardial infarction because of its ability to do which of the following?
Dissolve blood clots
Aspirin is used after a stroke or myocardial infarction for which of the following reasons?
Prevention of platelet aggregation
Because of the common side effects produced by many antilipidemic medications, patients who are taking these drugs should have which of the following laboratory tests performed periodically?
Liver function tests
The condition in which the heart does not circulate blood at a satisfactory rate is known as:
The function of an inotropic drug is to:
Increase myocardial contractility
Which are characteristic symptoms of heart failure?
Cyanosis, dyspnea, edema
The drugs of choice for treatment of congestive heart failure are:
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
The greatest benefit of beta-blockers is for those myocardial infarction patients who have which of the following?
Reduced ejection fraction
Which of the following is the antidote for acute warfarin (Coumadin) toxicity?
The route of choice for administration of heparin is:
Clopidogrel (Plavix) is used to achieve which of the following effects?
Inhibition of platelet aggregation
Optimum vessel health is most likely associated with which of the following cholesterol levels?
150 to 175 mg/dL
One of the chief uses of nitrate drugs is to relieve which of the following?
For which conditions are calcium channel blockers prescribed? Select all that apply.
Angina pectoris, Hypertension, Cardiomyopathy
Which of the following are indicated for managing hypertension combined with angina? Select all that apply.
Nifedipine (Procardia), Verapamil (Calan), Diltiazem (Cardizem)