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Politics of the United States
BLS chapter 3
Terms in this set (14)
the trial jury that returns a verdict in both criminal and civil cases
the first court to hear a criminal or civil case
Reviews decisions of lower courts to determine if a significant error of law was made during trial
Subject Matter Jurisdiction
The power of a court to hear a particular type of case
Apply to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court.
Courts of appeal (circuit courts)
Appellate courts empowered to review all final decisions of district courts, except in rare cases. In addition, they also hear appeals to orders of many federal regulatory agencies.
The highest judicial court in a country or state.
writ of certiorari
An order by a higher court directing a lower court to send up a case for review
Federal question cases
Cases concerning the Constitution, federal laws, or treaties
Diversity of Citizenship
A basis for federal court jurisdiction over a lawsuit between citizens of different states and countries.
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
The rules controlling procedural matters in civil trials brought before the federal district courts.
The power to review laws passed by the legislative body and to declare them to be unconstitutional and void. Also allows the courts to review actions taken by the executive branch and to declare them unconstitutional
A judicial philosophy in which judges play minimal policymaking roles, leaving that duty strictly to the legislatures
An interpretation of the U.S. constitution holding that the spirit of the times and the needs of the nation can legitimately influence judicial decisions (particularly decisions of the Supreme Court)
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