1. Andrew Jackson's election to the presidency in 1828 opened a new era of popular democracy.
2. During Jackson's presidency, Native Americans were forced to move west of the Missisipi River.
3. Thousands of adventures and pioneers followed trails to the West to settle the land and make their fortunes, especially with the discovery of gold.
4. Conflicts between settlers and the government of Mexico led Texas to revolt and win independence from Mexico in 1836.
5. Victory in war with Mexico allowed Americans to expand the nation across the continent.
6. In the mid 1800s, millions of Europeans came to the United States, hoping to build a better life.
7. The social campaigns to gain freedom for enslaved persons and equality for women were closely linked.
8. Rising anger over slavery increased tensions between North and South and led to violence.
9.The presidential election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 led seven southern states to secede from the Union.