A device that, based on reasonable judgement would make an exposure incident involving a contaminated sharp less likely
What should be done before and after gloves are applied?
Your hands should be clean and after they must be removed in a manner that protects you from what is or could be on the gloves.
List 6 guidelines that must be followed when using PPE:
1. PPE must not allow blood or OPIM to pass through or reach skin. 2. Employer must provide PPE at no cost to you. 3. All eye protection must have side shields, prescription eyewear is NOT allowed 4. Torn/contaminated gloves must be replaced 5. All PPE must be removed before leaving the medical office. 6. When PPE is removed it must be placed in appropriately designated areas.
What procedure should be followed when a sharps container located in an examining room becomes full?
Place into a box, usually cardboard, provided by the medical waste service. Securely seal, and make sure biohazard labels are on opposite sides of box.
Explain how to prepare regulated medical waste for pickup by a medical waste service:
Place bags and sharps containers into cardboard box, seal and store in locked room/outside shed, that the medical waste service will pick up. Place biohazard labels on outside opposite sides of box.
How should regulated medical waste be stored while awaiting pickup by the medical waste service?
In a locked room inside the facility or in a locked room outside the facility for pickup by the medical waste service. Should be labeled with signs like "Authorized Personnel Only" &/or "International Biohazard Label"
What information is included on a regulated medical waste tracking form?
Type and quantity of waste, (weighed in pounds) and where it is being sent. Must be signed by reps at the medical office, and medical waste service.
List 4 guidelines that must be followed with respect to biohazard sharps containers:
1. Locate the container as close as possible to the area of use to avoid transporting a contaminated needle. 2. Maintain containers in an upright position. 3. Don't reach into container with hand. 4. Replace on a regular basis, when 3/4 full.
What is the most likely means of contracting hepatitis B in the health care setting?
Through needlesticks and cuts with contaminated needles. Blood splashes to eyes, mouth and nonintact skin and through semen/vaginal secretions
What side effects may occur after the administration of a hepatitis B vaccine?
Soreness at the injection site, induration, erythema, and swelling. Sometimes a low grade fever, headache and dizziness occur
What postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) is recommended for an unvaccinated individual who has been exposed to hepatitis B?
Administration of a passive and an active immunizing agent, within 24 hours and no later than 7 days
Why is chronic viral hepatitis B considered such a serious illness?
Every year 5000 Americans die as a result of Hep. B. Some will get over it, some will be carriers forever and some will develop liver cancer.
Why is chronic hepatitis C known as "an epidemic that occurred in the past?"
Lots of people were infected with it more than 25 years ago and are just now seeing symptoms.
How is HIV transmitted?
Sexual contact, and sharing drug needles
How is HIV NOT transmitted?
Tears, sweat, shaking hands, hugging, coughing, etc. It's not spread by indirect contact
What is the CDC's Definition of AIDS?
The presence of one or both of the following conditions: 1. HIV positive, and a CD4+T cell count below 200 cells/Mu. (Normal people have a cell count ranging between 500-1500 cells/mu.) 2. Presence of one or more AIDS defining conditions (opportunistic infections and unusual cancers)
Be sure to keep your feet together when lifting an object or patient as this saves space
Use your back when moving a patient as it is long and strong
Back injuries can occur if you reach or sit improperly
Telling the Patient what is expected of him when you assist him with positioning is not necessary
Before moving or lifting a client or an object, hold it away from your body about 12 inches
Body mechanics is important all the time, not only when giving care to a patient
Be sure to bend your back slowly but fully when you lift an object from the floor
There is no rule to follow when lifting very light objects from the floor- like a pencil
All microorganisms are destroyed
To make impure
Microorganisms on the hands are classified as:
Name of virus that causes Hep B:
Abbreviation for Headaches
Rest Ice Compression Elevation
Without growth; Like after a cast comes off
MOVEMENT TOWARD THE MIDLINE
Make absence from the midline
palm up; holding a bowl of soup with hand, palm up
rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face downward