Modern Western Civilization: Exam 1
Terms in this set (27)
Factor contributing to Italian Renaissance
MOST ADVANCED URBAN SOCIETY
Demand for education
Best educated upper class
Connections to greco-roman past
CONNECTION WITH CLASSICAL PAST
Monuments of ancient Rome
Independent identity fro scholasticism
Antagonism of France and Italy
Roman art > french gothicism
Wealthy in comparison to rest of Europe
artists/writers stayed in Italy
Public urban support for culture (church and aristocracy)
Distinctive traits of Italian Renaissance art forms
- laws of liner perspective (15th century)
- effects of light and shade
- study of human anatomy
- more proportioned and realistic statues
- non religious themes
- realism extended to manuscripts and paintings
Italian ren. and Northern ren. SIMILARITIES
Italian ren. and Northern ren. DIFFERENCES
Civic humanism and Christian humanism SIMILARITIES
This new religion called for state control of the Church over papal authority, which appealed to many political leaders.
The Christian doctrines and practices traced to John Calvin that oppose Roman Catholicism on the basis of scripture and justification by faith
advantages of becoming a protestant ruler
have people follow your rules
where did Lutheran Protestantism spread
germany, denmark, norway , sweden, scandinavia
Where did Calvanism spread to?
Majority in Scotland and Holland
minority in France, England, Germany, Hungary, Luthinia, Poland
Politics of split of Church of England and the Roman Catholic Church
Henry could get a divorce in England so he made himself "protector and supreme head" of COE.
Father of Humanism
Scholsticism= abstract sceculation, not hwo to live virtously
wrote vernaular sonnets
wrote The Prince (hand book for tyrants), dark vision of human nature
promonatant government official (1448-1512)
Leonardo da Vinci
Painter, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, and artist
Lorenzo the Magnificent
"savior of the world"
An Italian sculptor, painter, poet, engineer, and architect.
Sistine Chapel (1508-1512)
Sculpture of David.
A painter who embodied platonist ideas
paintings on an allegorical level.
Classical and christian path
on aesthetic path. more concerned with grace and elegance
"birth of Venus"
Included the German-speaking lands of the Holy Roman Empire and England
The Waning of the Italian Renaissance
Causes of decline, c. 1550
French invasion of 1494 and incessant warfare
French inroads on northern Italy by Charles VIII
Duchy of Milan and kingdom of Naples
Aroused the suspicions of the Spanish
Louis XII invaded a second time (1499-1529)
Rome sacked by the Holy Roman emperor, Charles V (15
(1466?-1536) Dutch Humanist and friend of Sir Thomas More. Perhaps the most intellectual man in Europe and widely respected. Believed the problems in the Catholic Church could be fixed; did not suport the idea of a Reformation. Wrote Praise of Folly.
One of first Protestent leaders to challenge Catholic Church, German monk/scholar, started first religous troubles between the protestents and cathloics.
1509-1564. French theologian. Developed the Christian theology known as Calvinism. Attracted Protestant followers with his teachings.
The protestant reformation
Religious reform movement within the Latin Christian Church beginning in 1519. It spit the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the 'protesters' forming several new Christian denominations, including the Lutheran, Calvinist, and Anglican Churches, among many others.
The Tudor Dynasty
dynasty that ruled England as a result of the War of the Roses
first Tudor king of England from 1485 to 1509
(1491-1547) King of England from 1509 to 1547; his desire to annul his marriage led to a conflict with the pope, England's break with the Roman Catholic Church, and its embrace of Protestantism. Henry established the Church of England in 1532.
Holy Roman Emperor and Carlos I of Spain, tried to keep Europe religiously united, inherited Spain, the Netherlands, Southern Italy, Austria, and much of the Holy Roman Emperor from his grandparents, he sought to stop Protestantism and increase the power of Catholicism. He allied with the pope to stamp out heresy and maintain religous unity in Europe. He was preocuppied with struggles with Turkey and France and could not soley focus on the rise of Protestantism in Germany.
(1533-1603) Queen of England and Ireland between 1558 and 1603. She was an absolute monarch and is considered to be one of the most successful rulers of all time.
The Spanish Armada
"Invincible" group of ships sent by King Philip II of Spain to invade England in 1588; Armada was defeated by smaller, more maneuverable English "sea dogs" in the Channel; marked the beginning of English naval dominance and fall of Spanish dominance.
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