AP Literary Review
Terms in this set (36)
The inclusive term for words that are used in ways that depart conspicuously from their literal applications, so as to achieve special meanings or effects
Designates what most speakers would perceive as the standard meaning of words, or as their standard order or syntactical sequence.
Figures of thought / tropes
Words or phrases used in ways that effect an obvious change in their standard meaning.
Figure of thought in which one kind of thing is compared to a markedly different object, concept, or experience; the comparison is made explicit by the word "like" or "as"
A word or phrase that in literal use designates one kind of thing is applied to a conspicuously different object, concept, or experience, without asserting an explicit comparison.
In a metaphor, the literal subject
In a metaphor, the comparison
When two or more incongruous vehicles are applied to the same tenor
A trope that is sustained through several lines, ringing changes on the multiple relevance of the vehicle to the tenor
The underlying meaning or set of meanings
A trope in which an abstract concept, animal, or inanimate object is treated as though it were alive or had human attributes.
A type of personification in which inanimate aspects of nature, such as the landscape or the weather, are represented as having human qualities or feelings.
A trope in which the term for part of something is used to represent the whole, or, less commonly, the term for the whole is used to represent a part.
A trope which substitutes the name of an entity with something else that is closely associated with it.
The broadest class of figures of thought that depend on presenting a deliberate contrast between two levels of meaning
Consists of implying a meaning different from, and often the complete opposite of, the one that is explicitly stated.
The taunting use of apparent approval or praise for actual disapproval or dispraise
An implication of alternate or reversed meaning that pervades a work.
Continually interprets events and intentions in ways that the author signals are mistaken.
When the audience is privy to knowledge that one or more of the characters lacks.
When dramatic irony occurs in tragedies
An implied worldview in which characters are led to embrace false hopes of aid or success, only to be defeated by some larger force, such as God or fate.
A trope in which a point is stated in a way that is greatly exaggerated
A form of irony in which a point is deliberately expressed as less, in magnitude, value, or importance, than it actually is.
A trope in which a statement that appears on the surface to be contradictory or impossible turns out to express an often striking truth.
A compressed paradox that closely links two seemingly contrary elements in a way that, on further consideration, turns out to make good sense.
A figure of thought in which a point is affirmed by negating its opposite.
A figure of thought in which a point is stated by deliberate circumlocution, rather than directly.
A figure of thought that plays on words that have the same sound (homonyms), or closely similar sounds, but have sharply contrasted meanings.
A word or phrase that has disparate meanings is used in a way that makes each meaning equally relevant
Depend upon a change in the standard order or usual syntax of words to create special effects.
An address to a dead or absent person or to an inanimate object or abstract concept.
A figure of speech in whicch a question is posed not to solicit a reply but to emphasize a foregone or clearly implied conclusion.
The intentional repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of successive lines, stanzas, sentences, or paragraphs.
A figure of speech in which words or phrases that are parallel in order and syntax express opposite or contrasting meanings.
A figure of speech in which two successive phrases or clauses are parallel in syntax, but reverse the order of the analogous words.