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Quizlet Live Intro Vocabulary Set
The AP world essay questions will ask you to compare and contrast regions and to analyze regional changes and continuities over time. If AP asks you to analyze East Asia, discussing India (South Asia) would be a "0".
Terms in this set (57)
A term used to describe a certain kind of
development of a human society characterized by advanced agriculture, long-distance trade, occupational specialization, and urbanization.
Continuing for an extended period or without interruption
A chronological record of events, as of the life or development of a people or institution, often including an explanation of or commentary on those events
of crucial importance in relation to the development or success of something else
THEME 1: HUMANS AND THE ENVIRONMENT (ENV)
The environment shapes human societies, and as populations grow and change, these populations in turn shape their environments.
THEME 2: CULTURAL DEVELOPMENTS AND INTERACTIONS (CDI)
The development of ideas, beliefs, and religions illustrates how groups in society view themselves, and the interactions of societies and their beliefs often have political, social, and cultural implications.
THEME 3: GOVERNANCE (GOV)
A variety of internal and external factors contribute to state formation, expansion, and decline. Governments maintain order through a variety of administrative institutions, policies, and procedures, and governments obtain, retain, and exercise power in different ways and for different purposes.
THEME 4: ECONOMIC SYSTEMS (ECN)
As societies develop, they affect and are affected by the ways that they produce, exchange, and consume goods and services.
THEME 5: SOCIAL INTERACTIONS AND ORGANIZATION (SIO)
The process by which societies group their members and the norms that govern the interactions between these groups and between individuals influence political, economic, and cultural institutions and organization.
THEME 6: TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION (TEC)
Human adaptation and innovation have resulted in increased efficiency, comfort, and security, and technological advances have shaped human development and interactions with both intended and unintended consequences.
The study of patterns and rates of population
change, including birth and death rates, migration trends, and evolving population distribution patterns. (ENV)
permanent moves to new locations that have occurred on local, regional, and global levels.
a way of life in which a group of people have no
permanent residence, but move from place to place. (ENV)
Agriculture that takes place in the immediate surroundings of a permanent settlement
A type of agricultural activity based on nomadic
animal husbandry or the raising of livestock to provide food, clothing, and shelter. (ENV)
land with different territories and peoples under a single rule (Islamic Caliphate, Song Dynasty, etc) (GOV)
The popular acceptance of a governing regime or
law as an authority; when people accept the authority of a king, emperor, president, prime minister, etc. (GOV)
codification of law
the process of collecting and restating the law of a jurisdiction in certain areas, usually by subject, forming a legal code, i.e. a codex (book) of law. (GOV)
a supreme ruler, especially a monarch.
the practice or policy of territorial or economic expansion
the domination of one state or group over its allies (GOV)
wealth that one party gives to another as a sign of respect or, as was often the case in historical contexts, of submission or allegiance. (GOV)
compulsory enlistment for state service, typically into the armed forces; a military draft (GOV)
An order having the force of law (GOV)
A government in which power is concentrated in a central authority to which local governments are subject (GOV)
A decentralized government is one where its top level decision-making processes are dispersed throughout the system rather than being concentrated on one person, place or legislative body (GOV)
a member of a class of persons who are small farmers or farm laborers of low social rank. (Spice-t)
The landowning aristocratic class. (Spice-t)
The doctrine of the equality of mankind and the desirability of political and economic and social equality. The opposite of an egalitarian system could be a fascist society or dictatorship. Monarchies are not egalitarian. When you see this word, think about equality and freedom. (Spice_t-t)
The division of a society into distinct and
unequal groups or classes. (Spice-t)
Movement between different social positions
within a stratification system. (Spice-t)
A social system in which the father or eldest male
is head of the household, having authority over women and children. _____ also refers to a system of government by males, and to the dominance of men in social or cultural systems. It may also include title being traced through the male line. (Spice-t)
A small group within the state or other organization which has disproportionate power over important decisions. (Spice-t)
a worker in a skilled trade, especially one that involves making things by hand. (Spice-t)
the exchange of goods and services; business, trade, and retailing are all common synonyms. (spicE-t)
related to business (spicE-t)
a raw material or primary agricultural product that can be bought and sold, such as copper or coffee.
A person who makes money by selling goods (spicE-t)
forced labor systems (slavery, indentured servitude, debt peonage) (spicE-t)
The enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next. (spiCe-t)
a belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a church, political party, or other group.
people who work to spread their religious beliefs (spiCe-t)
the union (or attempted fusion) of different systems of thought or belief (especially in religion or philosophy) (spiCe-t)
a religious doctrine proclaimed as true without proof (spiCe-t)
The spread of linguistic or cultural practices or
innovations within a community or from one community to another. (spiCe-t)
The techniques of engineering and applied science for commercial and industrial purposes. Many fundamental technologies -the smelting and working of metals, spinning and weaving of textiles, and the firing of clay, for example - were developed at the dawn of civilization, long
before any concept of science existed. (spice-T)
The science of metals; their extraction from ores,
purification and alloying (spice-T)
artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting fibers (spice-T)
the process or state of breaking or being broken into small or separate parts. "the fragmentation of society into a collection of interest groups"
When an imperial power enacts specific polices designed to socially, economically, and politically absorb a conquered civilization into the the imperial, hegemonic culture.
When the imperial power allows newly conquered people to keep cultural traditions (religion, social interactions) even though they are different from the traditions of the conquering empire.
When the imperial power seeks to destroy the civilization of those they conquer - mass executions, destruction of temples, etc.
originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native.
action or process that makes something stronger or more extreme;
government or the holding of power by people selected on the basis of their ability, not by their social class, family connections, etc.
to conquer by force, bring under complete control
A social bond based on common ancestry, marriage, or adoption
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