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Small-scale industry that can be carried on at home by family members using their own equipment
A process developed by Henry Cort where coke, derived from coal, was used to burn away impurities in pig iron (crud iron) to make high-quality iron
A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.
Scottish engineer and inventor whose improvements in the steam engine led to its wide use in industry (1736-1819)
American inventor who designed the first commercially successful steamboat and the first steam warship (1765-1815)
A belief that limited government insures order competitive markets and personal opportunity.
Princple of Intervention
The great powers had the power to send armies into countries weher there were revolutions inorder to restore legitimate monarchs to their thrones.
An economic theory advocating free competition and a self-regulating market and the gold standard
Was not only the first president of the French Republic (for two terms), but was also the last emperor. As emperor, he was called Napoleon III and he was the nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte.
A direct vote of all the people of a country or district on an important matter; a referendum
Italian patriot whose conquest of Sicily and Naples led to the formation of the Italian state (1807-1882)
Queen of Great Britain and Ireland and empress of India from 1837 to 1901 (1819-1901)
Czar Alexander II
The son of Nicholas I who, as czar of Russia, introduced reforms that included limited emancipation of the serfs (1818-1881)
This was the response to the Enlightenment in which they believed that not everything could be measured, because of the passion of emotion
The idea that organisms have evolved over a long period of time from earlier, simpler forms
The theory that organisms better suited to their environment are more likely to survive
French chemist and biologist whose discovery that fermentation is caused by microorganisms resulted in the process of pasteurization (1822-1895)
English natural scientist who formulated a theory of evolution by natural selection (1809-1882)
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