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GRN 250 Final
Terms in this set (92)
T/F: A woman would only have high fertility if she has high fecundity
T/F: Menarche refers to the end of a woman's menstrual cycles
T/F: A man's age of peak fecundity is typically slightly younger than a woman's
T/F: Smoking, drugs, and alcohol may reduce fecundity, but may increase fertility when viewed as social factors
T/F: A couple who visits a fertility clinic to increase their ability to have children is practicing a form of "Birth Control"
T/F: Age at first marriage has been steadily increasing since 1900
T/F: Forensic pathologists are primarily responsible for determining if a person is legally dead
T/F: In today's world, cancer tends to be the number one cause of death
T/F: Infection related mortality is more likely to be found in less developed countries of the world than in more developed and economically advanced countries
T/F: Infant mortality is death within the first year of life
T/F: Men have higher morbidity levels than do women
T/F: The most dangerous jobs, in terms of people getting killed at work, commonly have relatively low education requirements
T/F: The greatest improvements in E(0) happened during the 19th Century with the discovery of germs
The most dramatic shift away from infectious disease towards chronic and degenerative disease occurred during the 20th century
T/F: Clinical death refers to the permanent cessation of all signs of life
The temporary lack of biological ability to conceive children in the period immediately following child birth is called
A drug addict overdoses following years of substance abuse, which causes a sudden change among that addict's friends in priorities and a sudden increase in positive health and social behaviors. This is best an example of...
A Turning Point
Basic allergies, like hay fever and sensitivity to pine pollen, are what type of health condition?
Stage 1 (or I) of the 4- stage Demographic Transition is characterized by ____?____ birth rates and ____?____ death rates
Stage 3 (or III) of the 4- stage Demographic Transition is characterized by __?__ birth rates and __?__ death rates:
Declining; Relatively Low
In what stage of the Demographic Transition is 'natural increase' getting larger with time
In what stage of the Demographic Transition will a population's age really start to increase?
Thomas Malthus had two basic assumptions (postulates) about populations:
People need to eat and, oh, they like sex too
According to Malthus, the consequence of his assumptions is that
A time will come when food production cannot keep pace with population growth
A marxist view of population growth would be...
Problem? There is no population problem. But there is a problem in the distribution of and access to resources among different classes
Which was NOT a theory of aging during the Greco- Roman era (500 BC- 100AD)
Cellular Damage- disease causes cells to malfunction
The diffusion of sterile medical practices, and widespread adoption of personal and community hygiene, dominantly occurred in the...
The use of antibiotics/ immunizations to control infections and infectious diseases began in....
Historically, the accident hump has:
Affected more women due to death from childbirth. Today, more men die off in young adulthood
5 Primary Determinants of Fertility
Ability to Reproduce, Exposure to Intercourse, Control over Contraception, Successful Gestation, and Successful Partrution
What is the biggest difference between "offensive" and "defensive" chemical contraceptives?
Offensive are things like films, and creams that you apply externally. Defensive are injections, rings, etc. that are internal
What are 3 of the primary questions that make up a person's decision to move?
When to move? Where to move? With whom to move?
How would ever increasing opportunities for women to advance in the labor force in many countries influence fertility?
Decreases fertility, because they will be more focused on working, rather than having more babies. And if they had more babies, they would have to pause their career and would become less valuable in the labor force when they try to come back into it.
Choose one type of a temporary move, and one type of a permanent move, and explain how the two types of move that you chose may be connected within the life span.
A temporary move like a leisure move, could mean one goes on a vacation for leisure and discovers a place they really like. Later on in their life span, they may choose to retire there as a permanent move like immigration to a different country.
T/F: People get continually heavier from birth through death
T/F: BMI is a good indicator of how fat a person is
T/F: Declines in muscle strength and cardiovascular performance cannot be reversed in late adulthood
T/F: Age- related declines in sight and hearing are NOT a normative part of aging
T/F: Evolutionary theory generally stinks in terms of explaining age- related changes in humans
T/F: Telomere shortening appears to relate to how many times a cell can reproduce
T/F: The "Nun Study" allowed researchers to determine, for the first time, that Alzheimer's Disease is caused by a build- up of neurofibrillary tangles
T/F: As a part of normal brain aging, sulci tend to get bigger, and gyri get smaller
T/F: Demyelination can result in slowed information transfer and processing speed
T/F: Intelligence of all sorts generally declines after the age of 60
T/F: All dementias are irreversible
T/F: It is pretty easy to determine whether an older adult is feeling depressed by assessing how many hours they sleep each night
T/F: The study of mental processes (whether normative or pathological) is known as psychological sociology
In general, older adults become more self- centered with age as a means of survival
How do "major revolutions" affect population growth?
Population will increase in a series of steps as innovation are introduced and diffused.
Which revolution most accurately describes western societies today?
Information revolution is in full swing
What are 3 great reasons for doing biological research on aging?
It helps people live longer, live healthier, and look younger along the way
What most accurately describes how body fat is redistributed in late adulthood?
Women's muscles become more marbled
Which theory of aging best explains loss of skin elasticity
Protein Cross- Linking Theory
Which theory of aging suggests that DNA directly determines aging and longevity?
Genetic Control Theory
Antagonistic Pleiotropy helps explain...
Why important hormones at younger age may increase cancer risk at older age
As we age, we lose brain cells...
In different areas of the brain, varying by person
The area of the brain responsible for higher- order thinking, like problem- solving, decision- making, and general reasoning, is:
Information that travels through cells to get to other cells is exchanged at what location?
Early- Onset Alzheimer's Disease is characterized by:
Showing symptoms at an early age, and influenced by genes
Erikson's theory of human development is characterized by:
A series of identity crises that everyone goes through
Continuity theory argues that:
Old age is just an extension of middle age
The dimensions of gerotranscendence are:
Social and personal relationships, self, and cosmic
3 things that caused infectious diseases to decline (or get controlled) during the 20th Century
Vaccines, Sterilization, Antibiotics
What are 2 examples of fat free mass in the human body?
2 examples of stress- response in the human body
thermal adjustment response, immune response
2 different types of intelligence
fluid intelligence, crystallized intelligence
3 types of dementia other than Alzheimer's disease
drug- related dimentia, vascular dimentia, and infection- related dementia
3 components of S-O-C Theory
Solidarity v. intimacy, Generativity v. stagnation, integrity v. despair
collection of people defined by shared characteristics or purpose
The connections between members of social groups
People right there who can help you with what you need
A particular position within a social group and its status and its responsibilities (mom, wife, daughter)
generational age discord
siblings 20 years apart, etc. Spouses, siblings across generations
Piaget- human development
you don't develop after preteens
children progress through stages through the end of puberty, then lasts til we die
Socioemotional Selectivity Theory
Fewer friends, but higher quality friends
redefinition of self and relationships with others
sense of completeness as one ages
Don't care if you look unusual in public as you age
No desire to have more things than you already have, less attached to material things
Economic Preparation for retirement
Housing equity, welfare, savings/ investments, IRAs, and Pensions
Non- economic Preparation:
social network changes: disengagement, continuity, activity, and socio- emotional selectivity
Divest Accumulated Stuff
later in life most people give away or sell a lot of stuff
move because they cannot function in their house
separating yourself from the labor force, career
Types of transitions
early retirement (health reasons), phased retirement (cutting back in their job slowly), contingent work (work in free time, odd jobs), bridge jobs (gradually separate, might volunteer instead of work, volunteerism
process of death
sudden death or..., degenerative condition, decline of reserve to critical level, terminal prognosis.
Pallative care- hospice, end of life care, Autonomy and control
Ways to memorialize
burial mounds, yucatan peninsula, catacombs
coffin has _ sides
Casket has __
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