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Extra Credit Hand Tools
Terms in this set (90)
This level telescope can be moved up and down 45°, making more operations possible than with the builder's level.Movement of the telescope in the up and down position also allows the level to be used to plumb columns,building corners,or any other vertical members. It is the
When using a spirit level, you know that an object is level if _____
the air bubble is centered between the lines
These levels are used to determine if a surface is level or plumb. It has three vials filled with alcohol. It is the
This level is a simple, accurate tool consisting of a length of clear plastic tubing. It works on the principle that water seeks its own level. An example is checking the level from one room to the next when a wall is in the way. It is the
When determining whether a surface is plumb, you gage____
the vertical surface
When determining whether a surface is level, you gage____
the horizontal surface
This level can be used to level a long span. It consists of a glass tube mounted in a sleeve that has a hook on either end. The hooks are attached at the center of a stretched line, which is moved up or down until the bubble is centered. It is the
These levels feature a simulated bubble display plus a digital readout of degrees of slope, inches per foot for rise and run of stairs and roofs, it is the
Digital Electronic or Laser Levels
These Levels does not depend on the human eye.It emits a high-intensity light beam, which is detected by an target at distances up to 1,000'. It is operated in the sweep mode, the head rotates through 360° allowing the laser beam to sweep multiple sensors placed at different locations. It is the
Rotating Laser levels and Laser detector
This level is basically a telescope with a spirit level mounted on top. It can be rotated 360°, but cannot be tilted up and down.It is used to check grades and elevations and to set up level points over long distances. It is the
Automatic Builder's Level
This square has a blade fixed at 45 ͦ for laying out and marking lines such as for a miter cut. The opposite angle is fixed at 135 ͦ it is the
When using a square, be sure not to ______
drop it hard enough to change the angle.
An adjustable square consisting of a steel rule that slides through an adjustable head. It is the
A type of carpenter's square made of cast aluminum that combines a protractor,try square, and framing square.it is the
Rafter angle or Speed square
An L-shaped square used to mark or measure materials and check for uniformity and "square".it is the
Carpenter's square or Framing square
A square whose legs are fixed at a right angle. It is the
The carpenter's square is used mainly for ______
squaring up sections of work.
Squares are used for marking, checking and ______
The try square is a fixed _____ angle.
A combination square can be used to test work for squareness, measure lengths and widths and angles, and___
check level and plumb surfaces.
This square is used for laying out square and angled lines on large surfaces such as plywood, paneling, wallboard, etc. it is the
Adjustable T-Square or Drywall Square
This square is an adjustable gauge for setting, testing, and transferring angles, such as when making a miter or bevel cut. The metal blade pivots and can be locked at any angle. It is the
Sliding t-bevel Square
This measuring rule usually marked in sixteenths of an inch on both edges of each side. This rule comes in 6 and 8 foot lengths.
Wooden folding rule
This measuring devices make it possible to measure parts that are being machined to one thousandth of an inch 0.001" accurately.
Digital Micrometer Devices
This measuring tool can be a steel tape and are usually wound into metal cases. There is a hook at the end of the tape to hook over the object you are measuring.
Is the simplest and most common measuring rule. It is usually 6 or 12 inches long but longer sizes are also available. They can be flexible or nonflexible, and thin or wide.
These vises are used to secure an object while you perform work on it.They have two sets of jaws one to hold flat work and another to hold round work, such as pipe.
Carpenter's tool used to drive and pull nails.This hammer has a steel head and a handle made of wood, steel, and fiberglass.
Claw hammer or Bell faced hammer
This hammer has a flat face for striking and a rounded face that is used to align brackets and drive out bolts.
Ball peen hammer
This hammer is a heavy-duty tool used to drive post or other large stakes. You can also use it to break up cast iron or concrete.They are 1. Double face long handled 2. Double face short handled and 3. Crosspeen.
This screwdriver has a star-shaped tip that is useful for replacing such parts as tailgate lenses;it is widely used in household appliances
This is the most common type of standard screwdriver; A tool used to put in slotted screws.
Flat or Slotted head screw driver
This is the most common type of cross-head screwdriver; A tool used to put in cross-head screws.
Phillips head screwdriver
This screwdriver has an hour-glass-shaped tip that is especially useful when you need extra holding power an in cars and appliances.
Clutch Drive screwdriver
This screwdriver conforms to screws that can also be operated with hex keys; it is suitable for socket-head screws that are recessed.
This screwdriver has a square drive that provides high torque power. Usually color coded according to size.
This bar has two claws, one at either end,and is ground to a chisel- like bevel slant on both ends. You can use it like a claw hammer to pull nails. You can also drive it into wood to split and rip apart the pieces.
This bar is a straight steel rod with a curved claw at one end. It is used to pull nails that have been driven flush with the surface of the wood or slightly below it.
cat's paw nail bars
A prying tool bar with a nail slot at the end to pull nails out in tightly enclosed areas. it can also be used as a small pry bar. It is usually 2 inches wide and 15 inches long.
A nonadjustable wrench with an opening at each end that determines the size of the wrench.
This nonadjustable wrench forms a continuous circle around the head of a fastener. The ends have six or twelve points. The ends come in different sizes, ranging from 3/8 inch to 1 5/16 inches.
These nonadjustable wrenches have two types of wrenches one of the ends of the wrench is open and the other is closed or box-end.
These wrenches are L-shaped hexagonal six-sided steel bars. Both ends fit the socket of a screw or bolt. The shorter length of the L-shape is called the head and the longer length is the handle.
Hex key or Allen wrench
A smooth-jawed adjustable wrench used for turning nuts, bolts, small pipe fittings, and chrome plated pipe fittings.
This adjustable wrench loosens and tightens fittings on drain traps, sink strainers, toilet connections, and large, odd-shaped nuts.
This adjustable wrench is used to tighten and loosen all types and sizes of threaded pipe.
Pipe or Monkey Wrench
You use these pliers to hold and bend wire and to grip and hold objects during assembly operations. They have adjustable jaws.
Slip Joint or combination pliers
These pliers are used to get into tight places where other pliers won't reach or to grip parts that are too small to hold with your fingers. They are useful for bending angles in wire or narrow metal strips.
Long Nose pliers or Needle Nose pliers
These pliers use to cut heavy or large-gauge wire and to hold work. The wedged jaws reduce the chance that wires will slip, and the hook bend in one handle gives you a better grip.
Lineman Pliers or Side Cutters Pliers
These pliers have serrated teeth that grip flat, square, round, or hexagonal objects.You can set the jaws in up to five positions by slipping the curved ridge into the desired groove.
Channellock or Groove-Joint Pliers
These pliers clamp firmly onto objects the way a vise does. A knob in the handle controls the width and tension of the jaws. You close the handles to lock the pliers. You release the pliers by pressing the lever to open the jaws.
Vise Grip, Locking or Clamping Pliers
This clamp has a fixed jaw at one end and a sliding jaw tail slide with a spring-locking device that moves along the bar.
This clamp has wooden jaws. It cam spread pressure over a wider area than other clamps.
Hand- screw clamp
This multipurpose clamp has a C-shaped frame. It is used primarily for clamping metalwork. The clamp has a metal shoe at the end or a screw.Using a T-bar, you tighten the clamp so that it holds material between the metal jaw of the frame and the shoe.
This clamp uses a belt like canvas or nylon strap or band to apply even pressure around a piece of material.
This clamp works like vise-grip pliers. A knob in the handle controls the width and tension of the jaws.
With Clamp you use your hand to open the spring-operated clamp.When you release the handles, the spring holds the clamp tightly shut, applying even pressure to the material.
This clamp it has a fixed jaw and a movable jaw that work the same way as the bar clamp. The movable jaw has a lever mechanism that you squeeze when sliding the movable jaw along the spine.
Crosscut saw or ripsaw the standard blade of this saw is 26 inches long with 7 to 12 tpi for a crosscut saw and 5 to 6 tpi for a ripsaw.
This saw has a narrow, flexible 6 3/4 inch blade attached to a U-shaped frame. Holders at each end of the frame can be rotated so you can cut at angles.
The standard blades of this saw are 8 to 14 inches long with 11 to 14 tpi. It has a broad, flat blade and a reinforced back edge. It is used for cutting joints
This is a small hacksaw with a straight handle. It is used for cutting fine work, especially dovetail joints.
This saw cuts curves quickly in wood, plywood, or wallboard. It is also used to cut holes for large-diameter pipes, vents, and plugs or switch boxes.
Compass saw or keyhole saw
This saw has a sturdy frame and a pistol-grip handle. The blade is tightened using a wing nut and bolt. It is used to cut through metal.
This file has single row of widely spaced teeth.
This file the teeth are individually cut: they are not connected to each other.
This file is single. straight-edged teeth running across the at an angle.
This file has two sets of teeth crisscrossing each other.
You use this chisel to make openings or notches in wooden material.
This chisel is use to cut metal. For instance, you can use it to cut rivets, nuts, and bolts made of brass, bronze, copper, or iron.
These are used to indent metal before you drill a hole, to drive pins, and to align holes in two parts that are mates. They come in various sizes, three types are the center punch, the prick punch, and the straight punch
This Chisel is used primarily for ripping up old strip flooring
This chisel is used to score, cut and trim bricks. It should be struck with a small sledge or ball-peen hammer, rather than a bricklayer's or nail hammer.
This is a pointed weight attached to a string, uses the force of gravity to make the line hang vertical, or plumb. It come in different weights.You can use it to make sure a wall or a doorjamb is vertical.
This plumb tool is often sold as a single tool it has a Chalk lines in it.
Plumb bob with chalkline
They have six or twelve gripping points. The end or the socket that fits into the handle is square. Sockets also come in different lengths. The long socket is called a deep socket.It is used when normal sockets will not reach.
Sockets and Ratchets wrench sets
This wrench measure resistance to turning.You need them when you are installing fasteners that must be tightened in sequence without distorting the work-piece.
This is a piece of hard rubber, plastic, wood, or steel tapered to a thin edge. Among other uses, it can be used to lift and to separate objects.
This is a metal box containing a line on a reel. The box is filled with colored chalk powder. The line is automatically chalked each time you pull it out of the box.
Mechanical Self-Chalking Line
These knives are used to cut roofing felt, fiberglass or asphalt shingles, vinyl or linoleum floor tiles, fiberboard, and gypsum board. You can also use it to trim insulation.
This has an automatic brake that holds the load after it is lifted. As the load is lifted, a screw forces fiber discs together to keep the load from slipping.
This is a lifting and moving device with a ratchet handle.They are used to lift and position loads, or to move heavy loads horizontally over short distances.
This brushes is use to clean objects, especially tools and other hardware that are made of metal.
This shovel is used to dig holes or remove large amounts of soil.
Round Shovel Blade
This shovel is use to move gravel or clean up construction debris.
Square Shovel Blade
This shovel is use to move large amounts of soil or dig trenches that need smooth, straight sides.
Spade Shovel Blade
This plane is a type of bench plane used to plane rough work. This plane are 14" long and 2" wide and have an adjustable blade.
This plane is another type of bench plane. This planes are used to plane small work to a smooth, even surface without removing too much material. This planes come in lengths of 7" to 10" and widths of 1 5/8"to 2".
This plane is used to plane small pieces, edges, and joint surfaces when a small amount of change is needed. This planes come in 4" to 7" lengths and 1 3/8 to 1 5/8 widths.
This plane is used to plane and true long boards such as the edges of doors. They cone in 18" to 30" lengths. The cutting edge is ground straight and is set for a fine cut.
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