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PSYO 270: Chapter 1
Terms in this set (15)
Matthias Mehl's study: Do women talk more than men?
female and male college students (369 in all) wore audio recorders while they went about their lives.
women spoke an average of 16,215 words per day and the men spoke an average of 15,669
The first fundamental feature of science; careful planning, making, recording, and analyzing observations of the natural world for the purposes of learning.
The second fundamental feature of science; questions about the way the world actually is and can be answered through systematic empiricism.
The third fundamental feature of science; scientists publish their work after asking empirical questions, making systematic observations, and drawing conclusions.
3 features of science
"Many Labs Replication Project"
a large and coordinated effort by prominent psychological scientists around the world to attempt to replicate findings from 13 classic and contemporary studies (Klein et al., 2013).
Could the "Many Labs" replicate the finding that washing hands leads one to be more forgiving of moral transgressions?
pseudoscientific idea that people's physical, intellectual, and emotional abilities run in cycles that begin when they are born and continue until they die.
What did Karl Popper say about scientific claims?
they need to be falsifiable
Basic and Applied research
Basic: In psychology, research conducted for the sake of achieving a more detailed and accurate understanding of human behaviour, without necessarily trying to address any particular problem.
Applied: Research conducted primarily to address some practical problem.
The focus on cases that confirm beliefs and dismissal of cases that disprove them.
clinical practice of psychology
The diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and related problems.
Are children of alcoholics more likely to have low self-esteem?
no (more than anyone else) (Lilienfeld et al., 2010).
empirically supported treatments
Treatments that have been shown to work through systematic observation.
Examples of Empirically Supported Treatments for:
-Depression, panic disorder, bulemia, etc.
-Behavioural Couples therapy
-Exposure therapy w response prevention
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
PSYO 270: Ch. 2
PSYO 270: Ch. 6
PSYO 270 Ch. 9
PSYO 270 - MIDTERM 1
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