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the representation of ideas or moral principles by means of symbolic characters, events, or objects


repetition of a consonant sound to create rhythm and aid memory


a brief reference to a historical or literary person, place, object, or event


comparison of 2 similar thigs to suggest that if they are alike in some respects, they are probably alike in other ways as well


a short narrative tht tells the particulars of an interesting and/or humorous event


person or thing that poopses the protagonist or hero of a story


a figure of speech where someone (usually absent or dead), an object, some abstract quality, or a nonexistent person is directly addressed as though present and real

blank verse

unrhymed, but otherwise regular verse, usually iambic pentameter


representation or imitation of a person's physical or personality traits that are so exaggerated they become comic or absurd


creation of imaginary persons so that they seem lifelike


a word or phrase that is so overused that it is no longer effective in most writing situations


a high point or turning point in a place or literature, the point at which the rising action reverses and becomes the falling action of denouement


parts of a composition should be arranged in a logical and ordeerly manner so that the meaning and ideas are clear and intellgible


problem or struggle that the characters have to solve or some to grips with by the end of the story


emotions/feelings that surround a word; they may be negative, neutral, positive, depending on their context


enviroment of a word , the words that surround a partiular word and help to determine it's meaning


in poetry (verse), two consecutive lines that rhhyme


critical examination of a work of art to determine how it measures up to established standards


literal or basic meaning of a word


resolution or outcome of a play or story


conversation between two or more characters in a work of literature


writer's choice of words based on their clarity and effectiveness


story told by actors who play the characters and reveal the conflict throught their actions and dialogue


short essay in a newspaper or magazine that expresses the opinion of the writer


formal poen that mediates on a solemn theme


when you put yourself in someone elses place and imagine how that perwwson must feel


long narrative poem about the deeds of a great hero that reflects the values of the society that produced it


short verse or poem in memory of someone


piece of prose that expresses an individuals point of view; it is a series of closely related paragraphs that discuss a single topic


formal speech praising a person or thing


when you replace one word or phrase for another in order to avoid being offensive


intro section of a play or novel that provides backround info on setting, characters, and plot


brief tale that usesanimals as charachters and teaches a moral lesson

falling action

last section of a play or story that works out the decision arrived at during the climax


literature that has essentially one purpose, to make the audience laugh; farce often depends less on plat and character than on improbable situations

figurative language

expressive languagage that is written to create a special effect or feeling


insetion of a scene or event that took place in the past for the purpose of making something int he present more clear


term is applied to any person who, through contrast, underscores the distinctive characteristics of another


suggestion or hint of events to come later in a literary work

free verse

verse written without rhyme, meter, or regular rhythm


a french word that means type or form of literature


the error, frailty, mistaken judgement, or misstep through which the fortunes of a tragic hero are reversed

heroic couplet

two consecutive lines of rhymed verse writen in iambic pentameter

historical fiction

fiction whoose setting is in some time other than that in which it is written


type of figurative language that makes an overstatement for the purpose of emphasis

iambic pentameter

line of poetry that contains fice iambic feet; an iamb is a foot consisting of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented syllable


use of descriptive words or phrases to created vived mental pictures in the minds of the reader, often appealing to sight, sound, taste, or smell


when the audience know more than the characters on stage , which creates tension


a situation or event that is th eopposite of what is or might be expected


expression of an attitude or intention thatis the opposite of what is actually meant


a narrative or tradition handed down from the past; distinguished from a myth by having more hostorical truth and perhaps less of the supernatural


form of light verse that follows a definite rhyme scheme where the first, second, and fifth linds rhyme and the third and fourth lines rhyme (patterns may vary)


short poem that expresses rthe personal feelings and thoughts of a single speaker


when two words become jumbled in the mind of a speaker because they resemble each other and he/she uses the wrong one


an exaggerated, sensational form of drama which is intended to appeal to the emotions of the audience


comparison of two dissimilar things

direct metaphor

when the writer directly states both of the things being compared

indirect metaphor

when the writer states of the the things and the reader must infer the other


the substitution of an obect closely associated with a word for the word itself


feeling a piece of literature arouses in the reader


recurring ideas, images, and actions that tend to unify a work


a traditional story that presents supernatural beings and situations that attempt to explain and/or interpret natural events


the person who is telling the story


covering a wide range of prose materials which have two common characteristics: they are fictional and lengthy


when a writer makes every attempt to simply present the facts, without opinion or bias


type of figurative language in which words sound like the things they name


a self-contadictory combination of words ( usually paired )


short descriptive story whose purpose is to illustrate a lesson or moral


a statement that at first seems contradictory, but infact, reveeals a truth


when a writer imitates an already existing form for the purpose of humor


a type of figurative language that gives animate ( living ) characteristics to inamate ( nonliving ) things


the action of a story; all of the events that occur from the beginning to the end

point of view

from whose angle the story is being told

first person

when a character in the story tells the story using "I" or "We" ( NF or F )

second person

used in nonfiction, promarily for the purpose of writing instructions or directions, using "you" ( NF )

third person

whe the marrator is tellikng the events from "outside" the story from a neutral or unemotional view point, using "he" "she", etc. ( F or NF )


when the narrator can see into the hearts and minds of more than one of the characters in the story ( F )

limited omniscient

when the narrator can see into the mind and heart of only one of the characters in the story ( F or NF )


the main character in a work; the action revolves around this person and against the antagonist ( opposing force )


means "false name" and is used by some writers instead of their real name


word or phrase which has a "double meaning" as intended by the writer; often these words sound the same ( or nearly the same ) but have different meanings


repeating a word or group of words for emphasis or effect


portion of a play or story when the problem is solved

rhetorical question

a question asked only for effect or to make a statement, but not to get an answer

rising action

portion of a play after the initial incident ( introduction of the conflict ) where the action is complicated by the opposing forces ending with the climax; in a novel, play, or movie, the rising action moves the story along and the plot usually becomes more complicated


type of writing that usues humor, irony, or wit to make a point


the time and place of a story, which usually plays an important role in the events that occur

short story

a relatively brif fictional narrative in prose ( 5,000-12,00 words )


a comparison using "like" or "as"


long speech given by a character alone on stage that reveals his/her innermost thoughts and feelings


poem of fourteen lines written in iambic pentameter that follows one of several rhyme schemes


this is a pattern or form which does not change; this term is applied to oversimplified mental pictures or judgments


this is the orangization or planned framework that a writer creates for his/her piece of litrature


this refers to how the author writes ( form ) rather than what he/she writes ( content )


when a writer inserts opinion or bias into the piece of writing


symbol is something that stands for something larger than itself


figure of speech in which a part represents the whole or when the whole represents the part


arrangement of words within a phrase, clause or sentence. Factors such as the type of sentence, th euse of punctuation, and the use of language patterns can all contribute to an effective use of syntax.


a statement of the central idea of a piece of writing


attitude of the author torward his/her subject and audience

classical tragedy

dramatic work where a noble hero's tragic flaw causes him/her to break a moral law that leads to his/her downfall

modern tragedy

dramatic work where the hero is often an ordinary person who faces circumstances with dignity and courage of spirit


piece of writing is organized so that all of its parts belong and are well integrated

writer's voice

writer's awareness and effective use of such elements as diction, tone, syntax, unity, coherence and audience to create a clear and distinct "personality of the writer"

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