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22 terms

AP Human Geography Unit 2 (Migration)

The vocabulary from the second unit of the course AP Human Geography, Migration
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Activity Space
the space within which daily activity occurs
Chain Migration
the social process by which immigrants from a particular town follow one another to a different city
Cyclic Movement
movement that has a closed route repeated annually or seasonally
Distance Decay
the various degenerative effects of distance on human spatial structures and interactions
Forced Migration
human migration flows in which the movers have no choice but to relocate
Gravity Model
predicts that the optimal location of a service is directly related to the number of people in the area and inversely related to the distance people must travel to access it
Internal Migration
migration flow within a nation-state, such as ongoing westward and southward movements in the US
Intercontinental Migration
migration flow involving movement across international borders
Interregional Migration
migration flow within a certain country or state
Intervening Opportunity
an environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that helps migration
Migratory Movement
human relocation movement from a source to a destination without a return journey, as opposed to cyclical movement
Periodic Movement
a form of migration that involves intermittent but recurrent movement, such as temporary relocation for college or service in the military
Personal Space
the space a person can reach without travelling
Pull Factors
those that pull you towards a certain destination, such as weather, economy, and family
Push Factors
those that push you away from your current abode, such as weather, economy, and family
Refugee
people who have been dislocated involuntarily from their original place of settlement
Rural-Urban Migration
migration flow going frow rural to urban areas
Space-Time Prism
the set of all points that can be reached by an individual given a maximum possible speed from a starting point in space-time and an ending point in space-time
Step Migration
migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages. For example, from farm to nearby village to town to city
Transhumance
a seasonal periodic movement of pastoralists and their livestock between lowland and highland pastures
Transmigration
moving from one country or region to another
Voluntary Migration
population movement in which people relocate in response to percieved oppurtunity, not because they are forced to move