The pattern of movement or change that begins at conception and continues through the human life span.
Perspective that emphasizes extensive change from birth to adolescence, little to no change in adulthood, and decline in old age.
Perspective that empasizes development change throughout childhood and adulthood.
Dimension that focuses on changes in relationships with other people, changes in emotion, and changes in personality.
_____ lasts from birth to 18-24 months and involves dependence on adults and development of many psychological activities.
_____ lasts from end of infancy to 5-6 years and involves preschool years and self-sufficiency and increased play.
Middle and Late childhood
_____ lasts from 6-11 years and involves reading, writing and arithmatic and focus on achievement and self-control.
_____ has varying endpoints lasting from 10-12 to 18-22 years and involves rapid physical changes and pursuit of independence and identity.
____ lasts from late teens to early 30's and involves personal and economic independence and selecting a mate.
_____ lasts 40-60 years and involves social involvement and resposibility and assisting the next generation.
_____ lasts 60-70's to death and involves life review, adjustment to new social roles, and is the longes developmental spans.
_____ proponents argue that an evolutionary and genetic foundation produces commonalities in growth and development.
_____ theories describe development as primarily unconscious. True understanding requires analyzing the symbolic meaning of behavior. Early experiences with parents extensively shape development.
_____ theory focuses on sexual impulses changes throught development and five stages of psychosexual development.
_____ thoery focuses on our desire to affiliate with other people and proposes 8 stages of development.
Piaget's Cognitive Developmental
_____ theory stresses conscious thought and empasizes the processes of organization and adaptation.
Behavioral and Social Cognitive
_____ theories: development is observable behavior that can be learned through experience.
Bandura's Social Cognitive
______ theory: Behavior, environment, and cognition are key factors in developement.
Reproduction of cells in which the nucleus (including chromosomes) duplicate and cell divides.
Cell division that forms sperm and eggs. Each cell divides twice forming 4 cells with 23 unpaired chromosomes.
_____ period: begins 2 months after conception and lasts until birth. Begins when blastocyst attaches to uterine wall.
Any agent that can cause a birth defect or negatively alter cognitive and behavioral outcomes
Drugs that act on the nervous system to alter states of consciousness, modify perceptions, and change moods.
_____ of the birthing process: uterine contractions begin at 15-20 minutes apart and last up to 1 minute, becoming closer and more intense. Lasts 12-14 hours.
_____ of the birthing process: Baby's head begins to move through dialated cervix opening and eventually emerges from the mothers body. Lasts approximately 45 minutes.
_____ of the birthing process: umblicical cord, placenta, and other membranes are detached and expelled.
Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assesment Scale (NBAS)
Test typically performed 24-36 hours after birth. Asseses newborn's neurological development, reflexes, and reactions to people and objects.
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS)
Test that provides a more comprehensive analysis of newborn's behavior, neurological and stress responses, and regulatory capacities. Asseses the "at-risk" infant.