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60 terms

Biology of Vertebrates

flashcards for our first lab practical
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Order: Esociformes
Family: Esocidae
SciN: Esox niger
Long, Narrow fish with split tail, pointed mouth (possible bottom feeder), 4 small fins
Order: Perciformes
Family: Sparidae
SciN: Logodon rhomboides
short anal fins, long strips, split tail, small (~5in), middle mouth, short dorsal fins and extend over whole body.
Order:Percopsiformes
Family: Aphredoderidae
SciN: Aphredoderus sayanus
tiny fish, full tail, thin and small fins, smooth surface
Order: Amniiformes
Family: Amiidae
SciN: Amia Calva
Large fish (~10in), very scaly, narrow and flat head, dot on top of tail, dorsal fins all down back, small bottom fins, whole body is tail-like.
Family: Squalidae
Order: Squaliformes
looks like mini shark, long, narrow, flat head, large eye, bottom mouth, split tail, holes on top, lizard-like smooth skin
Class: Agnatha
lamprey, long, skinny, smooth. like a worm with no fins. no jaw has a round suction mouth.
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Torpediniformes
huge, flat, electric ray. Eyes on top.
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Myliobatiformes
Sting Ray in a jar, no picture; smaller and darker than electric ray. Skinny tail, flat body.
Order: Clupeiformes
Family: Clupeidae
SciN: Dorosoma cepedianum
dark scales on top, lighter towards the bottom, middle mouth. Medium sized (6-8in), low pectoral fin under the gills, dorsal fins start on mid back and are small. Large split tail
Order: Salmoniformes
Family: Salmonidae
speckled, smooth body. small dorsal fin on midback, subtly split tail, small protrusion right above the tail, long and skinny with small sleek pectoral fins
Order: Mugiliformes
Family: Mugilidae
SciN: Mugil cephalus
small fish (3in), split tail, reddish on top, white body, small fin to the back and above the gills (w/spot), 2 sets of fins on top and bottom, smooth body
Order: Atheriniformes
Family: Atherinidae
SciN: Labidesthes sicculus
1.5 inches (SMALL), large eye, line down middle of the body, pointed mouth, posterior dorsal fin is very small
Order: Perciformes
Family: Elassomatidae
SciN: Elassoma zonatum
less than 1 inch long, stripes, split tail and a few small fins, spot in the middle
Order: Aciperiseriformes
Family: Polyodontidae
Paddlefish, large tail, long snout, bottom mouthed. No fins on top, 6 fins on top, 1 dorsal fin at very back? On print out
Order: Gasterosteiformes
Family: Syngnathidae
Species: Syngnathus lonisiane
long and skinny, string-like, long mouth with eyes on top. tiny tail with 1 dorsal fin
Order: Osteoglossi
Family: Hiodontidae
SciN: Hiodon tergisus
Mooneye, large eye, 1 small dorsal fin. PRINTOUT
Order: Lepisosteiformes
Family: Lepisosteidae
SciN: Lepisosteus osseus
longnose gar, fins above and below the tail, dark tail, long snout with teethlike structures in the mouth, no dorsal fin.
Order: Siluriformes
Family: Ictaluridae
SciN: Ictalurus punctatus
channel catfish; large eye, white bottom, large anal fin, small fin protruding above the tail, tall fin by the head
Order: Siluriformes
Family: Ictaluridae
SciN: Ameirus natalis
yellow bull head; much larger than channel cat, fin past head, smaller eyes, drier skin, larger operculum, flat, wide head.
Order: Siluriformes
Family: Ictaluridae
SciN: Notorus miurus
brindled madtom. smallest fish in this family, brown stripes, flat head, solid tail
Order: Siluriformes
Family: Ictaluridae
SciN: Notorus gyrinus
tadpole madtom; bluish/purple, flat head but smaller than natalis, smaller eyes, 2nd smallest in family.
Order: Siluriformes
Family: Ictaluridae
All have similar fins, bodies, all have catfish tentacles(?), generally have flatter heads, look for adipose tissue connection
Class: Osteichthyes
Order: Lepidosireniformes
S. American lungfish; over a foot long, 4 tentacle like projections from body, small eyes, flat tails, looks like an eel
Order: Anguilliformes
Family: Anguillidae
SciN: Anguilla rostrata
American eel; dark brown, 2 small fins on anterior end, tail is over 1/2 of the body length, two nasal protrusions
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Castostomidae
SciN: Hypentelium nigricans
hogsuckers; speckled brown, sucker mouth, flat head
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Castostomidae
SciN: Carpiodes cyprinus
quillback; smallest in the family, dorsal fin continuous with tail, bottom feeder mouth
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Castostomidae
SciN: Minytrema melanops
spotted sucker; shiny scales and gills, bottom feeder mouth
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Castostomidae
SciN: Moxostoma poecilurum
blacktail redhorse; distinctive stripe on the tail, slightly spotted body, small fins and split tail
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Castostomidae
SciN: Moxostoma erythrum
golden redhorse;largest and most generic looking, flattest head of all, one complete color
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Castostomidae
SciN: Erimyzon oblongus
creek chubsucker; prominent anal fin- same size as the tail, one complete color
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Castostomidae
all have same fins; 1 anal, 1 dorsal, and 2 pectoral. all have bottom feeder mouth
Order: Perciformes
Family: Centrarchidae
SciN: Micropterus salmoides
large mouth bass; dorsal fins down the back, stripe down the middle, dark spots on end of the tail, eyes toward the top, prominent mouth. longer bodied fish in family
Order: Perciformes
Family: Centrarchidae
SciN: Micropterus punctulatus
spotted bass; similar to large mouth but with small dots under the middle line. longer bodied fish in family
Order: Perciformes
Family: Centrarchidae
SciN: Lepomis megalotis
longear sunfish; round bodied fish, dorsal fins to tail, dark fin off of gill. Longer ear spot than others
Order: Perciformes
Family: Centrarchidae
SciN: Lepomis microlophus
redear sunfish; tall dorsal fins, earspot is on gills and has a white border around it
Order: Perciformes
Family: Centrarchidae
SciN: Lepomis macrochimus
bluegill; round body, darker color than rest of the family, dark spot on back of the dorsal fin
Order: Perciformes
Family: Centrarchidae
SciN: Poxomis annularis
white crappie; shiny fish, long and prominent anal fin, shorter section of dorsal fins than others
Order: Perciformes
Family: Centrarchidae
SciN: Chaenobryttus gulosus
warmouth; dark bottom fins and tail, dark spot on gills.
Order: Perciformes
Family: Centrarchidae
SciN: Ambloplites ariommis
shadow bass; spotty, dorsal fins to tail, smaller dot on the gill, light bottom fins compared to warmouth
Order: Perciformes
Family: Centrarchidae
bass are lengthy fish and others are round.
Order: Pleuronectiformes
Family: Soleidae
SciN: Trinectes maculatus
small fish, flat body, stripes and spots all over body, fins from head to tail on top and bottom, no visible eye or mouth
Order: Perciformes
Family: Percidae
SciN: Percina Caprodes
logperch darter; long skinny body, longitudinal stripes with one in the middle, dark spot on front of the tail, large eye size relative to head, short dorsal fins, protruding pectoral fins (2 on side, 2 underneath)
Order: Perciformes
Family: Percidae
SciN: Percina sciera
dusky darter; dots down the midline, 4 pectoral fins, anal fin are the same size as dorsal fins (very small)
Order: Perciformes
Family: Percidae
SciN: Percina nigrofasciata
blackbanded darter; lighter color, generally the same features as sciera, looks very generic
Order: Perciformes
Family: Percidae
SciN: Etheostoma nigrum
johnny darter; small/tiny dots
Order: Perciformes
Family: Percidae
SciN: Etheostoma rupestre
rock darter; light body, stripe down back, dot on head, little spot below eyes
Order: Perciformes
Family: Percidae
SciN: Ammocrypta beani
sand darter; larger, slimmer, nothing around eye
Order: Cyrpinodontiformes
Family: Fundilidae
SciN: Fundulus olivaceous
black spotted top minnow; smal, stripe down middle, white around black pupil at the eye, no pect. fins, just anal and small dorsal fin
Order: Cyrpinodontiformes
Family: Fundilidae
SciN: Fundulus catenatus
northern studfish; pectoral fins and solid eye. dark upper half of body with spots, light lower
Order: Cyrpinodontiformes
Family: Poecilidae
SciN: Gambusia affinis
W. mosquitofish; smaller, white around eye, large tail, dark around gill
Order: Cyrpinodontiformes
Family: Fundilidae
SciN: Poecilia latipinna
sailfin molly; shiny gill, larger size, stripes at top of the head, ring around eye
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
SciN: Notemigonus crysoleucas
golden shiner; shiny gills, medium sized, short dorsal fins near tail, shadow on half of body, line into tail, scales over base of anal fin, different shape than others in the family
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
SciN: Semotilus atromaculatus
creek chub; stripe down middle, spot on tail, visible gills, split tail, no fins on body surface, 4 fins underneath, small dorsal fin, dot at front of dorsal fin
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
SciN: Luxilus chrysocephalus
striped shiner; darker stripe along the back, same fins as others
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
SciN: Notropis texanus
weed shiner; lighter than others, stripe darker toward the tail, same fins and eyes as others
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
SciN: Cyprinella venusta
blacktail shiner; large spot on tail, darker scales, stripe darker toward tail
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
SciN: Pimephales notalus
bluntnose minnow; line down body, small dot at start of the tail
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
SciN: Campostoma oligolepis
taller dorsal fin, stripe down middle is darker by tail, distinct over bite mouth
Class: Osteichthyes
Order: Acipenseriformes
Family: Acipenseridae
sturgeons; spiny projections, lobed tail with fins, mouth that looks like a beak
Order: Perciformes
Family: Sciaenidae
SciN: Aplodinotus
freshwater drum; large fish, dorsal fins down back to tail, bottom mouth