Jamestown, Plymouth & New England Colonies Quiz Review (Conrad)
This Quizlet set will help you prepare for the test/quiz on Friday, 9/13. Happy Studying!
Terms in this set (31)
The swampy area had a lot of disease-carrying mosquitos, which killed many of the settlers.
Jamestown: How did Jamestown's swampy location effect the population there?
He provided strong leadership, and enforced "those who do not work, shall not eat."
Jamestown: How did John Smith help Jamestown?
He introduced a high-grade tobacco plant, which led to tobacco being a successful cash crop. Tobacco saved Jamestown!
Jamestown: How did John Rolfe help Jamestown?
She acted as a diplomat (someone to help the Natives and settlers get along), occasionally brought the settlers food, helped negotiate the release of prisoners, & possibly saved John Smith from being executed (killed).
Jamestown: How did Pocahontas help Jamestown?
Tobacco was a huge success, and they needed more people to work the fields. It was difficult, physical labor (work)
Jamestown: Why was African slavery brought to Jamestown, and eventually other colonies?
Jamestown: What year was Jamestown, Virginia founded?
Jamestown: Which letter shows the location of Jamestown?
Economic reasons. At first they were looking for gold, but didn't find any. They had economic/money success with tobacco. It was funded by the Virginia Company of London, after receiving a charter (contract) from the king.
Jamestown: Why was Jamestown settled (political, economic or social/religious reasons)?
The charter allowed them to establish a settlement.
Jamestown: What did the charter (contract) issued by the King of England to the Virginia Company of London allow them to do in the New World?
It was the first representative government in the colonies. Representatives, or Burgesses, are elected officials that make laws for their area.
Jamestown: What is the significance (importance) of the Virginia House of Burgesses (Representatives)?
1.) Lack of strong leadership (John Smith was injured, and had to return to England); 2.) The gentlemen were lazy and inexperienced for the living conditions there.
Jamestown: What are two (2) of the main reasons for the "starving time" in Jamestown?
A warm humid climate, with heavy rainfall, provided a long growing season and fertile (nutrient-rich soil) for crops.
Jamestown: What was the climate in Jamestown like?
Plymouth: Which letter shows the location of Plymouth, Massachusetts?
Plymouth: What year did the Pilgrims arrive in Plymouth, and write the "Mayflower Compact?"
It was a social contract (agreement) signed by the men of the Mayflower ship that set-up "majority rules," and said that decisions would be made for the "good of the colony." The colony would be "self-governing," and based on the rule (power) of the people (majority).
Plymouth: What is the "Mayflower Compact?"
False, the Mayflower Compact was written for the Pilgrims that settled Plymouth.
Plymouth: True or False, The Mayflower Compact were rules that all of the 13 colonies had to follow.
Plymouth: Which colonial region is Plymouth, Massachusetts located (Southern, Middle, or New England)?
Cold, harsh winters, rocky soil, natural deep harbors (for boats), and long coastlines along the Atlantic Ocean.
Plymouth: Describe the geography and physical features of Plymouth, Massachusetts and New England.
Social/Religious reasons. They were escaping religious persecution (bullying) in England. It was mostly families that came.
Plymouth: What was the main reason Plymouth was founded (political, economic, or social/religious)?
They are both located near the coastlines of the Atlantic Ocean.
Jamestown & Plymouth: What do both locations have in common?
True, both groups had to learn how to survive in their new environments.
Jamestown & Plymouth: True or False; Settlers in both Jamestown and Plymouth struggled to adapt (get used to) their new environments.
(1.) Timber (Lumber/Wood), (2.) Natural Deep Harbors, (3.) Fish, (4.) Whales, and (5.) Furs
New England: What are five (5) of the natural resources that were in New England during colonial times?
He helped them learn how & what crops to plant in the cold weather and rocky soil in New England. This is what allowed them to survive.
Plymouth: How did the Native American, Squanto, help the Pilgrims survive?
1.) Shipbuilding (timber/wood), Fishing, Whaling, Trade/Shipping (deep natural harbors), fur trade
New England: What types of economic activities did colonial New England have?
Because the weather conditions and rocky soil did not make it a good place for an agricultural economy. They were successful in trade because they were able to build ships with the wood available there, and had deep harbors, which are good for ports for ships.
New England: Why did New England have more of a trade based economy, rather than an agricultural (farming) economy?
True, they were closely related.
New England: True or False; Religion had a strong influence over the government and laws in New England.
1.) Roger Williams & Anne Hutchinson (after both were expelled/kicked out of Puritan Massachusetts Bay Colony)
New England: Who are the two (2) people that founded Rhode Island?
The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
New England: What is the name of the first written Constitution in the colonies?
A series of hearing/trials in Puritan-based, Salem, Massachusetts, that falsely accused some women of being witches.
New England: What were the Salem Witch Trials?
Jamestown: Which of the three (3) colonial regions was Jamestown, Virginia located in?
People became distrustful and paranoid in Puritan areas, and 19 women were executed (sentenced to death).
New England: What was the outcome of the Salem Witch Trials?
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