Elements of Drama
Terms in this set (32)
The sequence of events or incidents of which the story is composed.
Clash of actions, ideas, desires, or wills.
Central character, sympathetic or unsympathetic.
The forces working against her/him, whether persons, things, conventions of society, or traits of their own character.
Person(s) in a story.
Author tells us straight out, by exposition or analysis, or through another character.
Author shows us the character in action; the reader infers what a character is like from what she/he thinks, or says, or does. These are also called dramatized characters and they are generally consistent (in behavior), motivated (convincing), and plausible (lifelike).
Known by one or two traits.
Complex and many-sided.
Stereotyped character (a mad scientist, the absent-minded professor, the cruel mother-in-law)
Remains the same from the beginning of the plot to the end
Dynamic (Developing) character
Undergoes permanent change. This change must be a. within the possibilities of the character; b. sufficiently motivated; and c. allowed sufficient time for change.
The controlling idea or central insight. It can be 1. a revelation of human character; 2. may be stated briefly or at great length; and 3. a theme is not the "moral" of the story.
Any statement that reduces a theme to some familiar saying.
Omniscient point of view
A story told by the author, using third person; her/his knowledge, control, and prerogatives are unlimited; authorial subjectivity.
Limited Omniscient point of view
A story in which the author associates with a major or minor character; this character serves as the author's spokesman or mouthpiece.
First Person point of view
The author identifies with or disappears in a major or minor character; the story is told using the first person "I".
Objective or Dramatic point of view
The opposite of the omniscient; displays authorial objectivity; compared a roving sound camera. Very little of the past or the future is given; the story is set in the present.
A literary symbol means more than what it is. It has layers of meanings. Whereas an image has one meaning, a symbol has many.
A term with a range of meanings, all of them involving some sort of discrepancy or incongruity. It should not be confused with sarcasm which is simply language designed to cause pain. Irony is used to suggest the difference between appearance and reality, between expectation and fulfillment, the complexity of experience, to furnish indirectly an evaluation of the author's material, and at the same time to achieve compression.
The opposite is said from what is intended.
The contrast between what a character says and what the reader knows to be true.
Irony of situation
Discrepancy between appearance and reality, or between expectation and fulfillment, or between what is and what would seem appropriate.
Written primarily to be performed, not read.
Presentation of action in which the impact is direct and immediate.
Presentation of action using a captive audience.
Presentation of action suggesting a communal experience.
A character speaking directly to the audience.
A group on stage commenting on characters and actions
Aristotle's definition of tragedy
A tragedy is the imitation in dramatic form an action that is serious and complete, with incidents arousing pity and fear wherewith it effects a catharsis of such emotions. The language used is pleasurable and throughout appropriate to the situation in which it is used. The chief characters are noble personages and the actions they perform are noble actions.
Leads to the hero's downfall
Excessive pride or passion