Upgrade to remove ads
AP Gov Topic 4: cleavages & behavior
Terms in this set (17)
Religion, ethnic groups, race, social and economic classes that all interact with the political system and have a tremendous impact
Cleavage Types- social class
In less developed countries class tensions may appear between landless peasants and property owners.
Cleavage Types- ethnic
ethnic cleavages are based on different cultural identities, including religion and language, and are important considerations in evaluating political systems.
religious differences are often closely intertwined with ethnicity. However, religious differences may also exist among people of similar ethnic backgrounds.
Cleavage Types- regional
in many modern states, differing political values and attitudes characterize people living in different geographic areas. These populations compete for government resources such as money, jobs, and development projects. regional differences are often linked to varying degrees of economic development.
Cleavage Types- coinciding
when every dispute aligns the same groups against each other, coinciding cleavages are likely to be explosive.
Cleavage Types- cross-cutting
divide society into many potential groups that may conflict on one issue but cooperate on another.
a citizen's capacity to understand and influence political
At any specific time, a person's political beliefs are a combination
of many feelings and attitudes, including both general and
In authoritarian governments, most citizens contact government through subject activities that involve obedience. Such activities are obeying laws, following military orders, and paying taxes. In democracies, citizens may play a more active part in the political process. The most common type of participation is voting, but
citizens may also work for political candidates, attend political
meetings or rallies, contribute money to campaigns, and join
political clubs or parties.
citizens participation in regular elections, number of citizens eligible or willing to vote, politicians attention to elections and policymaking.
factors that influence political behavior
Consider the important cleavages in the country. Do they make
a difference in citizens' political beliefs and behaviors? For
example, do the lower classes vote for one political party or the
other? Are women's beliefs and behaviors different from those
of men? Are younger people as likely to vote as older people
are? Do people in rural areas participate in government?
A transparent government is one
that operates openly by keeping citizens informed about government operations and political issues and by responding to
citizens' questions and advice. Low levels of transparency are often
found in authoritarian governments, and corruption also tends
to be lower in countries where government activities are relatively transparent.
organized collective activities that aim to
bring about or resist fundamental change in an existing group or society. Social movements try to influence political leaders to make policy decisions that support their goals.
voluntary organizations outside of the state that
help people define and advance their own interests.
tyranny of the majority
the tendency in democracies to allow majority rule to
neglect the rights and liberties of minorities.
NGO (non-governmental organization)
Nongovernmental organizations are national and international groups, independent of any state, that pursue policy objectives and foster public participation.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP Gov Topic 6 Vocab
AP Gov US Constitution
AP Comparative Government Vocabulary
AP Gov US Legislative
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Chapter 3 - Political Culture and Political Social…
Chapter 4 Politics
AP Gov Unit 2 Vocab
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
AP Gov Britain Topic 6
AP Gov Britain Topic 5
AP Gov Britain Topic 3 and 4
AP Gov UK/Britain Unit