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Chapter 3: Infection Control, Safety, First Aid and Personal Wellness
Terms in this set (125)
These are the initials of the U.S. government agency that mandates and enforces safe working conditions for employees.
The series of components that lead to infection are referred to as the:
Chain of Infection
The pathogen responsible for causing an infection is called the infectious:
The term pathogenic means:
Productive of disease
A specimen processor removes the stopper from a tube without barrier protection and feels a mist of specimen touch his eyes. What type of exposure occurs through eye contact?
Isolation produces are used to separate patients from contact with others if they:
have highly transmissible infections.
Which of the following should be removed from a list of microbes?
Which of the following is most likely to increase susceptibility to infection?
Use of antibiotics
An individual who has little resistance to an infectious microbe is referred to as a susceptible:
MSDS information includes:
general and emergency information
Transmission-based precautions must be followed for patients with:
highly transmissible diseases
Which of the following patients would require contact precautions pending a diagnosis?
A diapered patient with symptoms of infection with an enteric pathogen
An individual is infected with Escherichia coli (E. coli) after eating contaminated spinach. What type of infection transmission is involved?
An avulsion is a:
tearing away of a body part
This type of precaution is required for a patient with Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
Typical neonatal ICU infection-control procedure includes:
decontaminating hands and wearing new gloves for each patient
What does the NFPA codeword RACE mean?
Rescue, Alarm, Confine, Extinguish
Which of the following statements concerning an employee's exposure to a blood-borne pathogen is untrue?
Source patients, if known, must be tested for HIV and HBV.
When the chain of infection is broken, an:
infection is prevented from happening
The focus of infection control turned from preventing patient-to-patient transmission to preventing patient-to-personnel transmission with the introduction of this concept.
The term used to describe an infection that infects the entire body is:
Which type of precautions would be used for a patient who has pulmonary tuberculosis?
Exercise reduces stress by:
Decreasing the buildup of lactic acid
The abbreviation for the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is:
A person who has recovered from a particular virus and has developed antibodies against that virus is said to be:
According to current first aid procedures, severe external hemorrhage can be effectively controlled by:
Applying firm direct pressure to the wound
The main purpose of an infection-control program is to:
prevent the spread of infection in the hospital
All pathogens are:
microbes that can cause disease
Which of the following diseases involve a blood-borne pathogen?
Which of the following is part of proper hand-washing procedure?
Stand back so clothing does not touch the sink
An example of a disease requiring droplet location is:
Class C fires involve:
Standard precautions should be followed:
with all patients at all times
Hepatitis B vaccination normally involves:
A first shot of vaccine, one a month later, and one 6 months after the first.
Objects that can harbor and transmit infectious material are called:
The HazCom Standard is also commonly called the:
Right To Know Law
The body organ targeted by HBV is the:
These are the initals of two organizations responsible for guidelines for isolation precautions in hospitals:
CDC and HICPAC
The primary purpose of wearing gloves during phlebotomy procedures is to protect the:
Phlebotomist from exposure to the patient's blood
The first three components of fire that were traditionally referred to as the fire triangle are:
Fuel, oxygen and heat
Which of the following would be excluded from a list of ways to help break the chain of infection?
Keeping pathogen exit pathways open
Which of the following statements complies with electrical safety guidelines?
Electrical equipment should be unplugged while being serviced
Which body fluid is excluded from standard precautions requirements?
The ability of a microorganism to survive on contaminated articles and equipment has to do with its:
The fourth component that turns the fire triangle into a fire tetrahedron is a:
This equipment is required when one is collecting a specimen from a patient in airborne isolation.
Most exposures to HIV in healthcare settings are the result of:
The most common type of nosocomial infection in the United States is:
Urinary tract infection
These are the initials of the organization that instituted and enforces the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard (BBP).
Which of the following would be unsafe laboratory practice?
Keeping your lab coat on at all times
You accidentally spash a blash solution into your eyes while preparing it for cleaning purposes. What is the first thing to do?
Flush your eyes with water for a minimum of 15 minutes.
What is the best way to clean up blood that has dripped on the arm of a phlebotomy chair?
Absorb it with a gauze pad and clean the area with disinfectant.
An example of employee screening for infection control is requiring employees to have:
PPD (or TB) testing
Which mode of infection transmission occurs from touching contaminated bed linens?
Which of the following can be transmitted through blood transfusion?
Which of the following is required by the Bloodborne Pathogen (BBP) Standard?
Wearing gloves when preforming phlebotomy
What is the meaning of W in figure 3-1?
Neutropenic isolation is a type of reverse isolation used for patients with:
A low WBC count
What should the phlebotomist do if outside of a patient specimen tube has blood on it?
Wipe the tube with disinfectant
A laboratory or patient-care activity that requires goggles to prevent exposure from sprays or splashes also requires this protective attire.
A phlebotomist may be able to work without restrictions despite of having this condition.
A positive PPD test
How many classes of fire are identified by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)?
Which of the following is consideredthe best means of preventing nosocomial infection?
Proper hand hygiene
The purpose of "reverse" isolation is to:
Protect susceptible patients from outside contamination
Which of the following could result in exposure to a blood-borne pathogen by a "percutaneous" exposure route?
Drawing blood without using a needle safety device
In which instance could an electrical shock to a patient most likely occur?
Touching some electrical equipment during a blood draw
The "Right to Know" law primarily deals with:
The best course of action when entering an isolation room is to:
Follow the posted precautions
Which one of the following diseases involves a blood-borne pathogen?
The degree to which a microorganism is capable of causing disease is the definition of:
Anything harmful or potential harmful to health is the definition of a:
What is the proper order for putting on protective clothing?
Gown first, then mask, gloves last
The blue quadrant of the NFPA diamond-shaped symbol for hazardous materials (fig. 3-1) indicates a:
These are the initials of the agency that developed a hazard labeling system that is a diamond-shaped sign containing the United Nations hazard class number and a symbol representing the hazard.
Which of the following practices is unsafe?
Mixing bleach solutions with other types of cleaners
Federal law requires that hepatitis B vaccination be made available to employees assigned to duties with occupational exposure risk:
Within 10 working days of assignment
What is the first thing a phlebotomist should do if he or she is accidentally stuck by a needle used to draw blood from a patient?
Clean the site with soap and water for atleast 30 seconds.
Which of the following should be deleted from a list of symptoms of shock?
Slow, strong pulse rate
The main principles involved in radiation exposure are:
Distance, time, and shielding
Which of the following is a role of thr Joint Commission?
Accrediation of healthcare facilities
Which of the following would be considered a nosocomial infection?
A catheter site of an ICU patient becomes infected
Of every 100 hospitialized patients in the United States, approximately how many acquire a nosocomial infection?
The free availiablility of personal protective equipment (PPE) for employee use in the medical laboratory is mandated by the:
OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP) Standard
Which of the following is a new recomendation that can be found in the 2010 American Heart Association (AHA) Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC)?
Compression-only CPR encouraged for untrained bystanders
The most frequently occuring laboratory-acquired infection is caused by:
Required parts of an exposure-control plan exclude:
Isolation procedure policies
Which class of fire occurs with combustible metals?
What precautions are to be used for a patient who has an enteric pathogen?
Three of the four following examples indentify possible "parenternal" means of transmission. Which one would be different type of transmission?
Drinking water from a glass that is contaminated
Which one of the following is unlikely to affect a person's general susceptibility to infection?
An example of vector infection transmission is contracting:
The plague from the bite of a rodent flea
A patient might be placed in protective isolation if he or she had:
What is the correct for removing protective clothing?
The substance abbreviated as HBsAg when detected in a patient's serum confirms:
Hepatitis B infection
A radiation hazard symbol (Fig. 3-2) on a patient's door typically signifies a patient who:
Is being treated with radioactive isotopes
Which of the following is an example of a work practice control that reduces risk of exposure to blood-borne pathogens?
Wearing gloves to draw blood
These are the initials of the organization that introduced universal contractions, the precursor to standard precautions:
Healthcare workers are considered immune to a disease if they:
Have had the disease and recovered from it
What is the best way to extinguish a flammable liquid fire?
Spray it with a Class B extinguisher
These are the initials of the federal agency that instituted and enforces regulations requiring the labeling of hazardous materials:
Which mode of infection transmission involves transfer of an infective microbe to the mucous membranes of a susceptible individual by means of a cough or sneeze?
Links (components) in the chain of infection include:
An exit pathway
A susceptible host
This is the abbreviation for the organiation that is specificallu charved with the investigation and control of disease:
What is the first action to take to help a patient in shock?
Maintain an open airway
Which of the following would be an unhealthy way to deal with stress?
Make a major life change
A nosocomial infection is one that is:
Acquired in a healthcare facility
The mode of transmission involves contaminated food, water,drugs,or blood transfusions.
A phlebotomist who has just been diagnosed with strep throat should be:
Off work until on an antibiotic for 24 hours and symptom free
The manufacturer must supply a material safety data sheet (MSDSs) for:
Devices required by OSHA that remove BBP hazards from the workplace called:
Chemical manufacturers are required to supply material safety data sheets (MSDSs) for their products, if applicable, by the:
OSHA Hazard Communication Standard
A type of infection that can be spread from person to person is described to as:
Which class of fire occurs with flammable liquids?
The first thing to do in the event of electrical shock to a coworker or patient is to:
Shut off the electricity source
The main purpose of PPE is to:
Provide the user a barrier against infection
The acryonm used to remember the actions to take when using a fire extinguisher is:
Which of the following is the best action to take if a coworker's clothing is on fire?
Smother the fire with a fire blanket
What type of hazard is identified by the symbol in Figure 3-3?
Which of the following bleach dilutions is recomended for cleaning the surfaces of contaminated specimen collection areas?
Alcohol-based antiseptic hand cleaners can be used in place of handwashing if:
No dirt or organic matter is seen on the hands
Which of the following actions is acceptable?
Unplugging a centrifuge while it is still rotating
Approximately how many workplace injuries and illness are related to back injuries?
HBV in dried blood on work surfaces, equipment, telephones, and other objects can survive up to:
The most common chronic blood-borne illness in the United States is:
Respirators used to enter rooms of patients with airborne diseases must be approved by this agency.
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