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what happened at mt. hira in 610?
muhammud has a revelation and gabriel speaks to him reciting the opening of the quran.
plays a critical role - enimies w aisha
daughter of prophet
marries ali (son of abu talib and cousin of muhammud)
The Umayyad Caliphate
1. build new capital to break w/ past
2. establish new armies
3. regulate women and social divisions
4. built monuments to reflect ideology
5. patron of the arts and education for men
journey is just as important as destination
doesn't trust what he's being taught
wants to learn buddhism in original language
goes on pilgrimage to sacred sites
studies at nalanda university
strongest that came out of these
kaifeng = capital
khitan = nomads in mongolia
jurchens = nomads that overthrow + create jin.
attack on song leads to the largest migration ever
defeated by mongols
relocate to south - hangzhao
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