most important clan in Mecca
muhammud's uncle (adopted)
member of the quaraysh
wealthy widow that marries Muhammud, tells him he is rasul (she is the 1st muslim ever)
what happened at mt. hira in 610?
muhammud has a revelation and gabriel speaks to him reciting the opening of the quran.
5 pilars of islam
hajj - pilgrimage around the kaba
shahada - oneness
"struggle" "Holy war"
married at 7 years - muhammuds next wife
same age as muhammud (aisha's dad)
plays a critical role - enimies w aisha
daughter of prophet
marries ali (son of abu talib and cousin of muhammud)
iraq (najaf and karbala) and south arabia (mecca and medina)
najaf and karbala
najaf - ali
karbala - husayn
The Umayyad Caliphate
1. build new capital to break w/ past
2. establish new armies
3. regulate women and social divisions
4. built monuments to reflect ideology
5. patron of the arts and education for men
journey is just as important as destination
doesn't trust what he's being taught
wants to learn buddhism in original language
goes on pilgrimage to sacred sites
studies at nalanda university
educated women poet
dynasties (instability in china)
strongest that came out of these
kaifeng = capital
khitan = nomads in mongolia
jurchens = nomads that overthrow + create jin.
attack on song leads to the largest migration ever
defeated by mongols
relocate to south - hangzhao
capital - hangzhao
tang - changan
palace is at top of city
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