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27 terms

Muhammud and East Asia

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quaraysh
most important clan in Mecca
Abu Talib
muhammud's uncle (adopted)
member of the quaraysh
al-amin
trustworthy
khadija
wealthy widow that marries Muhammud, tells him he is rasul (she is the 1st muslim ever)
what happened at mt. hira in 610?
muhammud has a revelation and gabriel speaks to him reciting the opening of the quran.
umma
community
mu'minun
believers
5 pilars of islam
salat
zakat
bukhari
hajj - pilgrimage around the kaba
shahada - oneness
jihad
"struggle" "Holy war"
jahiliya
ignorance
Aisha
married at 7 years - muhammuds next wife
"guardian"
Abu Bakr
same age as muhammud (aisha's dad)
fatimah
plays a critical role - enimies w aisha
daughter of prophet
marries ali (son of abu talib and cousin of muhammud)
four caliphs
fitna
khalifa
imam
amir
sacred centers
iraq (najaf and karbala) and south arabia (mecca and medina)
najaf and karbala
najaf - ali
karbala - husayn
early conquests
arabian peninsula
syria
armenia
egypt
N. Africa
Persia
The Umayyad Caliphate
1. build new capital to break w/ past
2. establish new armies
3. regulate women and social divisions
4. built monuments to reflect ideology
5. patron of the arts and education for men
pilgrimage
associated with:
religion
the past
holy individual
community's identify
individual identity
journey is just as important as destination
xuanzang
doesn't trust what he's being taught
wants to learn buddhism in original language
goes on pilgrimage to sacred sites
studies at nalanda university
Li Qinzhao
educated women poet
foot binding
high class
dynasties (instability in china)
northern song
jin
southern song
northern song
strongest that came out of these
kaifeng = capital
khitan = nomads in mongolia
jurchens = nomads that overthrow + create jin.
jin
attack on song leads to the largest migration ever
defeated by mongols
relocate to south - hangzhao
southern song
capital - hangzhao
tang - changan
palace is at top of city
symmetrical