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MASHAAL's STUDY GUIDE for Module 2 Test
Terms in this set (78)
The son of the king of Portugal. Founder of the most advanced navigation school in Europe in the 1400's.
Prince Henry the Navigator
The first European to sail around the southern tip of Africa. Sponsored by Portugal.
Bartolomeu Dias (Portugal)
Sailed around Africa to India
Vasco de Gama (Portugal)
An agreement between Portugal and Spain which declared that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal.
Treaty of Tordesillas (1494)
A company founded by the Dutch in the early 17th century to establish and direct trade throughout Asia. Richer and more powerful than England's company, they drove out the English and Established dominance over the region. It ended up going bankrupt and being bought out by the British
Dutch East India Company
He mistakenly discovered the Americas in 1492 while searching for a faster route to India.
a group of people who leave their native country to form in a new land a settlement subject to, or connected with, the parent nation.
Defeated the Aztec in Mexico.
Spanish explorer who led the conquest of the Inca Empire of Peru in 1532.
Last ruling Inca emperor of Peru. He was kidnapped and executed by the Spanish.
A person of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry.
The spanish forced and enslaved Native Americans to work while they were on the native's property
French colony in North America, with a capital in Quebec, founded 1608. New France fell to the British in 1763.
The first permanent English settlement in North America, found in East Virginia
English Puritans who founded Plymouth colony in 1620
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled in Massachusetts Bay.
Dutch holdings in North America
a war in North America between France and Britain (both aided by Indian tribes)
French and Indian War
Aka King Philip, Native American ruler, who in 1675 led attack on colonial villages throughout Massachusetts
the buying, transporting, and selling of Africans for work in the Americas
Atlantic Slave Trade
labor under contract to an employer for a fixed period of time, typically three to seven years, in exchange for their transportation, food, clothing, lodging and other necessities. Often used in the late 19th and early 20th century as a replacement of slave labor, but with fairly similar exploitative working conditions. Laborers were often transported thousands of miles and could not easily afford to return home.
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Africa sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa
A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
An economic system based on private ownership and the investment of resources for profit.
A company made up of a group of shareholders. Each shareholder contributes some money to the company and receives some share of the company's profits and debts.
When a country's power is based on their wealth.
an economic situation in which a country sells more goods abroad than it buys from abroad
favorable balance of trade
the three primary motives for wanting to explore and conquer the new world
GOD, GLORY, and GOLD
a follower of islam
a religious person who believes Jesus is the Christ and who is a member of a Christian denomination
A teacher and prophet whose life and teachings form the basis of Christianity. Christians believe Jesus to be Son of God.
Spanish explorer, motives to serve God,
Bernal Diaz Del Castillo
The three tools used to guide sailors out in the open sea
The sun, moon, and stars
Who stepped in to keep peace within the nations of Portugal and Spain
Pope Alexander VI
The city that the portugese captured located on the coast of India West coast.
What city was attacked on the west coast of the Malay Peninsula in 1511
Had the desire to crush muslim-italian domination over asian trade
Afonso de Albuquerque
Found the Philippines and claimed it for Spain and began settling in them in 1565
By 1600 this nation owned the largest fleet of ships in the world
The three ships used by Columbus and his crew to explore
Niña, Pinta, and Santa Maria
What did columbus name the land he struck on his first voyage
The italian sailor who corrected Columbus's mistake, acknowledging the coasts of america as a new world. America is named after him. He was also an Italian working for the Portugese.
In what city did Cortes defeat the Aztec Empire
Destroyed Aztec History and all the manuscripts
What cause the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Aztecs and the deaths of millions in Mexico
Diseases- smallpox measles mumps typhus
What did Atahualpa offer in exchange for his freedom in ransom
A room filled with gold and twice with silver
What did the spaniards do to the Native Americans in the new Spanish Lands
Abused and worked them to death
Portuguese leader of an expedition to India; landed Brazil in 1500.
Pedro Alvares Cabral
The Portuguese grew this in place of not finding gold or silver
slave hunting expeditions that explored western Brazil
1609-1610 governor of Spain's northern holdings, called New Mexico
Pedro de Peralta
A branch of christianity who's followers are called Catholic
Who spoke out for cruel treatment of the natives and spoke for the better treatment of Native Americans
Pueblo religious leader who led an uprising against the Spanish
When was the encomienda system abolished
The labor of one _______ is more valuable than that of four indians
An Italian explorer dispatched by the French king in 1524 to probe the eastern seaboard of U.S.
Giovanni de Verranzo
French explorer who explored the St. Lawrence river and laid claim to the region for France (1491-1557) and called it Mont Real
French explorer in Nova Scotia who established a settlement on the site of modern Quebec (1567-1635)
Samuel de Champlain
Jesuit priest who explored the Great Lakes region in 1673
French explorer in North America who claimed Louisiana for France (1682)
Sieur de La Salle
An English explorer who explored for the Dutch. He claimed the Hudson River around present day New York and called it New Netherland. He also had the Hudson Bay named for him
people at sea who attack and steal goods from other ships and nations
Indian chief and founder of the Powhatan confederacy of tribes in eastern Virginia
How many africans were transported from 1500 to 1600
West African kingdom that became strong through its rulers' exploitation of the slave trade.
What factors helped spur European exploration?
The desire for new sources of wealth as well as the desire for spices and luxury goods
Why were the dutch so successful in establishing a trading empire in the Indian ocean?
Dutch owned the largest fleet of ships in the world Dutch East India Company was more powerful and better financed than other nations and trading companies
Why did Columbus set sail west wards
To find a faster route to India
What were three goals of the Spanish in the Americas?
1. Enrich Spain
2. Colonize land
3. Convert N.A. to Christianity
What did the Europeans mostly grow in their Caribbean colonies?
Europeans mostly grew cotton and sugar plants in their Caribbean colonies.
What was the result of the French Indian War?
Treaty of Paris
What factors led European colonists to use Africans to resupply labor force?
African pre exposer to European diseases, the new land would be unfamiliar, and they could't blend in with others if they escaped.
How did enslaved africans resist their treatment in the Americas?
By breaking tools and running away and resisting to work
Why was the introduction of corn and potatoes to Europe and Asia so significant
Because they were cheap to produce and a healthy source of food
What was the economic policy of Mercantilism
That a country's power depended on its wealth