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Race and Religion Final-vocabulary
Terms in this set (33)
the sociohistorical process by which racial categories are created, inhabited, transformed and destroyed
simultaneously an interpretation, representation, or explanation of racial dynamics, and an effort to reorganize and redistribute resources along particular racial line
-'religious' ideas, particularly with reference to God, that are accepted as part of the nation's story
-Robert Bellah, 1967, drawing on ideas from Rousseau's The Social Contract
Doctrine of Discovery
Europeans gained power and legal rights over indigenous non-christian peoples immediately upon their discovery by europeans. Discovery gave an exclusive right to extinguish the Indian title of occupancy, either by purchase or by conquest.
God wants White, Christian Americans to push Westward and continue to takeover land (because they are white and Christian)
how territory that did not belong to any European powers was denoted (even though it belonged to the Native People)
occurs when the normal operation of apparently neutral processes systematically produces unequal results for majority and minority groups
-cause and effect principle
-automatic, unavoidable, annoying
-every action has equal and opposite reaction
-truth, teaching, law
-ethical moral code of conduct
-"Action by thy duty, reward not thy concern"
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the endless cycle of birth and suffering and death and rebirth
In Hindu belief, the one (and only one) God/power, or "the absolute eternal reality" (different deities in Hindu are different manifestations of this Brahman)
has a changing definition and structure over time
period between 1895-and the mid 20h century
advocates a racial definition (or redefinition) of national identity, as opposed to multiculturalism; the principles of all Black nationalist ideologies are unity and self-determination—that is, separation, or independence, from European society.
opposing view to Black Nationalism (held by MLK)
House Negro/Field Negro
How Malcolm X described MLK/himself (commentary on their relationships with Whites)
Jim Crow Laws
Any of the laws legalizing racial segregation of blacks and whites that were enacted in Southern states beginning in the 1880s and enforced through the 1950's
Ghost Dance (1890)
new religious movement incorporated into numerous Native American belief systems. According to the prophet Wovoka's teachings, proper practice of the dance would reunite the living with the spirits of the dead and bring peace, prosperity, and unity to native peoples throughout the region
Five Pillars of Islam
Five basic acts of Islam, considered mandatory for believers. Declaration of faith, prayer, alms, fasting, and pilgrimage.
(first pillar) declaring there is no god except God, and Muhammad is God's Messenger
(second pillar) ritual prayer five times a day
(third pillar) giving 2.5% of earnings to the poor
(fourth pillar) fasting and self-control during the blessed month of Ramadan
(fifth pillar) pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime (if one is able to)
-a political movement in Roman Catholic theology which interprets the teachings of Jesus Christ in relation to a liberation from unjust economic, political, or social conditions.
-began as a movement within the Catholic Church in Latin America in the 1950s-1960s. Liberation theology arose principally as a moral reaction to the poverty caused by social injustice in that region. The term was coined in 1971 by the Peruvian priest Gustavo Gutiérrez
revelation happens in everyday life
Daniel E. Lee--conversion of slaves to make them more "docile;" but then slaves adopted it and made it their own
Blacks throughout the South developed their own version of Christianity (more emotional, reflected African customs/practices). Used images to express dreams of present freedom.
Dehumanization social death
pg. 15 of Pinn
Confinement, as in the forced relocation of Japanese Americans in WWII
Nation of Islam
a religious movement founded in Detroit, Michigan by Wallace D. Fard Muhammad on July 4, 1930. The Nation of Islam's stated goals are to improve the spiritual, mental, social, and economic condition of African Americans in the United States and all of humanity
Developed by the black Muslim Leader Elijah Muhammad who preached black nationalism, separatism, and self-improvement. The movement attracted thousands of followers.
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