Methods of teaching Language Arts
Terms in this set (96)
Kids are learning content in the language by using it
students learning the language of the rest of the class, by being "thrown into the ocean to learn how to swim" instead of gradually immersed in the new language.
Using more than one language in the course of conversing.
A word that looks like and is related to another word in a different language
MEANINGS OF WORDS OR PHRASES
Structure of words
In a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word
A morpheme that must be "bound" with another morpheme to form a word. Ex: un, ish, es, ed, pre
A freestanding root or base of any word that cannot be further divided and still have meaning. (Farmer, farm is the root word)
A single unit of a writing system (Letters in alphabet)
A unit of sound in a language.
Noun, a joining or coming together; the place where such a connection occurs
A syllable given more prominence in pronunciation than its neighbors is said to be accented.
How high or low a sound is
Inflection in the voice when speaking
A comparison using like or as
An accepted phrase or expression having a meaning different from the literal.
A gentle way of describing something.
ex: instead of "he died", "he went to the great beyond"
speaking together in rhythm
A variety of a language distinguished by variations of accent, grammar, or vocabulary.
Determined by where you live.
Study of the origin of words, and how the meaning has changed throughout history.
A person's ability to think about his or her own thinking; requires self-awareness and self-regulation of thinking.
Two things put together that does not make sense
A word that represents a sound
The repetition of vowels, or dip-thongs
An extreme exageration
giving a non-human object a human attribute
Young children often use their knowledge of letters and sounds to write words such as LOVE as LUV and WAS as WUZ. These are examples of:
Of the following, the best way to determine whether students' spelling has improved is to
Observe their ability to proofread their written work for errors
When a young student asked the teacher how to spell a word, the teacher correctly...
helped him use a 'think it out' approach
A first-grade student spelled the word SAID as SED. This showed that the student was trying to spell new words by using their knowledge of
The handwriting method that blends elements of manuscript and cursive is
Research suggests that kindergarteners prefer and should use
the regular sized pencils used by adults
To help a left-handed writer improver her writing, the teacher should
adapt instructional procedures to fit the student's unique needs
During keyboarding instruction the teacher should
emphasize correct posture
During handwriting instruction, teachers should emphasize
Cursive handwriting style typically begins in
Of the following, the most effective way to provide handwriting instruction would be
three twenty-minute classes each week
When a new teacher was developing a handwriting assessment plan, experience teachers correctly advised her to
involve students in developing a checklist
Research suggests that the most effective grammar instruction is
integrated with reading and writing instruction
The best way to assess students' knowledge of grammar is
examine students' compositions
Punctuation marks signal grammatical boundaries and...
"Turn your cell phone off when the meeting begins." is an example of a(n)
Students in Kelley McNabb's sixth-grade class tend to write brief, simple sentences. To enrich their writing, it would be most helpful for the teacher to conduct a minilesson using the technique of...
Of the following, the most effective way to teach grammar is to...
Point out parts of speech in books the students are discussing
Students learn about the structure of Standard English primarily by...
Which of the following educational psychologists significantly changed how we look at a child's learning processes - with his/her constructivist framework?
The researcher that posits the idea that language is BOTH social and a key facilitator of learning is
When, in the course of learning something new, our existing knowledge category system is modified - or a new system is created, it is called
This language system varies according to social and cultural uses:
Pragmatic language system
A person's belief in their own capability to succeed
The prefix 'un' in unnecessary is an example of a(n)
Which of the following is NOT a receptive language mode?
Students usually record information they learn during content area instruction in
Of the following, the most effective way to develop students' writing is to encourage them to
write letters that will be delivered
Research suggests that students' writing improves most dramatically when they know that their writing will be _
read by someone other than the teacher
Of the following, the most authentic writing activity is
writing pen-pal letters
A teacher wanted to help her students understand that they can sometimes converse with friends by writing. The best way to accomplish that goal would be to use
When using classroom blogs, teacher should
monitor all comments before they are published
Third-grade teacher Jimmy Plains is responding to entries his students made in their journals. Which of the following comments would most likely motivate and encourage a student to write more in his journal?
Your trip to New York sounds very exciting. Tell me more about the Broadway shows you saw.
New teacher Steve Smith found that students constantly approached his desk asking, "What should I write?" A veteran teacher correctly advised him to
Brainstorm writing topics with the students and ask them to keep a list of possible topics in their notebooks.
When students are participating in phonemic awareness activities and experimenting with tongue twisters, they are building their ability to listen
When listening to a political debate, you should employ
Predicting, visualizing and connecting are strategies associated with
This researcher first applied the term 'efferent' to language arts processes:
Organizing, summarizing, monitoring and getting clues from the speaker are strategies to be developed in order to listen
Language that is evasive or confusing is called
Which of the following is not a typical propaganda technique used by advertisers?
When the class is using Grand Conversations
talk should primarily be among the students
When implementing an interactive read-aloud, it is most important to
involve students in the activity
Classroom discussions are most effective and successful when teachers
create a climate of trust
As students become more active participants in discussions, teachers should
ask fewer questions
After the class read the story of Cinderella, the teacher asked whether Cinderella should have been punished for attending the ball when she was told to stay at home. That was an example of a
Research suggests that students' learning is enhanced most by
having opportunities to elaborate ideas through talk
When the mayor announced that the town's skateboard park would close, some students were upset while others felt that it was the right decision. The best way for their teacher to use this situation as a literacy learning experience would be to
encourage students to respectfully debate the issue
Wordless picture books
can be used appropriately at all grade levels
It is important for students to learn to recognize common symbols such as $, @, or &, primarily so that they can
interpret posters, charts and graphs
The language barrier is significantly reduced for English language learners when
The visual language modes are linked to listening, talking, reading, and writing because all 6 language arts are
are used for communication
An individual's awareness of color
develops throughout their lifetime
When analyzing political cartoons, it is most useful for students to
the intended audience for the cartoon
Graphic novels often accelerate students' reading development because
the illustrations provide context clues to aid in meaning and comprehension
The teacher gave the students a political cartoon that showed the newly elected governor wearing an elegant gown as she stepped out of Cinderella's pumpkin coach. By comparing the new governor to Cinderella, the cartoonist made a(n)
The "Great Vowel Shift" took place during the _______ period.
The best source for learning about the etymology of a word is
an unabridged dictionary
Two words that sound the same but are spelled differently (right/write) are called
Phrases such as "don't throw the baby out with the bathwater" are
Approximately ______ of all English words have been borrowed from other languages.
Tier 2 Words
Words that are similar in 2 languages that have descended from the same language are known as __________.
When a student writes "It is too cold to go swimming." the teacher can infer that the student might be struggling with
An individualized spelling program should focus on:
Words the students need for their writing projects.
The primary goal of spelling instruction should be to help children
spell words correctly in personal and academic writing
When weekly spelling tests are used, they should be
Individualized to meet each student's needs.
Typically, students tend to reach the Derivational Relations Stage of spelling development
in the middle to upper grades
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