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21 terms

major subfields of psychology

subfields of psychology
STUDY
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Behavioral genetics
studies the inheritance of traits related to behavior
Behavior neuroscience
examines the biological basis of behavior
Clinical psycology
deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of psycological disorders
Clinical neuropsychology
unites the areas of biopsychology and clinical psychology, focusing on the relationship between biological factors and psychological disorders
Cognitive psychology
focuses on the study of higher mental processes
Counceling psychology
focuses primarly on educational, social, and career adjustment problems
Cross-cultural psychology
investigates the simularities and differences in psychological functioning in and across various cultures and ethnic groups
Developmental psychology
examines how people grow and change from the moment of conception through death
Educational psychology
is concerned with teaching and learning processes, such as the relationship between motivation and school performance
Environmental psychology
considers the relationship between people and their physical environment
Evolutionary psychology
considers how behavior is influenced by our genetic inheritance from our ancestors
Experimental psychology
studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, learning, and thinking anout the world
Forensic psychology
focuses on legal issues, such as determining the accuracy of witness memories
Health psychology
explores the relationship between psychological factors and physical ailments or disease
Industrial/ Organizational psychology
is concerned with psychology of the workplace
Personality psychology
focuses on the consistency in people's behavior over time and the traits that differentiate one person from another
Program evaluation
focuses on assessing large-scale programs, such as the Head Start preschool program, to determine whether they are effective in meeting their goals
Psychology of women
focuses on issues such as discrimination against women and the causes of violence against women
School psychology
is devoted to counseling children in elementary and secondary schools who have academic or emotional problems
Social psychology
is the study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and actions are effected by others
Sports psychology
applies psychology to athletic activity and exercise