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Global Regents review
Terms in this set (12)
The total control by a monarch or king over his subjects. For example,Louis XIV if France was an absolute ruler. His rules were laws, and critics who challenged his authority were punished 
African National Congress (ANC)
An organization in South Africa whose goal is to end apartheid and gain political power for South African blacks. At one time the ANC supported the use of violence to achieve this goal, but it is now cooperating with the government for non-violent change. 
acquired immune deficiency syndrome is a virus that prevents the body's internal defense system from fighting disease. AIDs is becoming an increasing health threat throughout the world
A religious belief that every object in nature has its own spirit and that people's ancestors in the spirit world watch over them in the living world. Many traditional African religions were animist
The former policy of the republic of South Africa that legalized racial segregation (separation of the races) and oppression of South African blacks. This policy led to widespread conflict and violence. 
Granting concessions to a potential aggressor in order to avoid a conflict. For example, British Prime Minister Chamberlain appeased Hitler at the Munich Conference In 1938 by giving in to Hitlers demand for an area in Czechoslovakia inhabited by a large German population, in an attempt to avails war. 
Atlantic Slave Trade
African tribes brought captives fro other tribes to Africa's coast, where they were traded to European and american slave traders in exchange for guns and ammunition. enslaved people were then shipped like cargo across the Atlantic ocean for sale in north america and Latin america, where they worked as forced labor on plantations. The Atlantic slave trade encouraged tribal warfare, destroyed a rich African culture, and resulted in the loss of millions of lives
Balance of Power
A system of international relations aimed at preventing any one country from becoming so powerful that it could dominate other countries. The European great powers kept a balance of power among themselves for most of the 19th century. Whenever any of them gained new colonies, the others did the same. When any of them formed an alliance to make themselves stronger, the others formed an opposing alliance. In this way the power of each of them, compared to the others. stayed the same.
Constructed in 1961 to prevent east Berliners from escaping into a free west Berlin. The wall came to symbolize soviet control and domination in eastern Europe. it was knocked down in 1989
Big Stick Policy
In 1904 President Theodore Roosevelt expanded the Monroe Doctrine by announcing that European powers would be prevented from intervening in any Latin American nation, even if that nation owed debts. Roosevelt's policy led to increased U.S. influence in Latin America.
Boxer Rebellion (1899-1900)
An unsuccessful uprising by a group of Chinese that sought to remove all foreign influences from China. The rebellion led to increased foreign interference in China.
a religion based on a philosophy of self-denial and meditation. Buddhism teaches that because of human desires, life is filled with pain and suffering. the only way to end these desires is to give up searching for material things. Buddhism started in India and has spread into southeast Asia, china and Japan.[154}
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