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15 terms

Psychology Ch. 4

STUDY
PLAY
b. environment
People's reactions to our genetic dispositions constitute part of our

a.temperament.
b.environment.
c.individualism.
d.personal space.
b. more similar in their risk of developing Alzheimer's disease and more similar in risk of being emotionally unstable.
Compared with fraternal twins, identical twins are

a.less similar in their risk of developing Alzheimer's disease and less similar in risk of being emotionally unstable.
b.more similar in their risk of developing Alzheimer's disease and more similar in risk of being emotionally unstable.
c.equally similar in their risk of developing Alzheimer's disease and more similar in risk of being emotionally unstable.
d.more similar in their risk of developing Alzheimer's disease and equally similar in risk of being emotionally unstable.
a. personality traits
Adoptive parents are LEAST likely to influence the ________ of their adopted children.

a.personality traits
b.religious beliefs
c.political attitudes
d.moral values
b. temperament
Intense and reactive infants become unusually anxious and aroused when facing new or strange situations. This best illustrates the importance of

a.the X chromosome.
b.temperament.
c.personal space.
d.individualism.
d. nature-nurture interactions
In emphasizing that heredity's effects on behavior depend on a person's home environment, psychologists are highlighting the importance of

a.individualism.
b.gender schemas.
c.collectivism.
d.nature-nurture interactions.
c. mutations
Which of the following is a major source of genetic diversity?

a.personal space
b.gender typing
c.mutations
d.individualism
b. natural selection
The prevalence of genetically predisposed traits that have a reproductive advantage is best explained in terms of

a.gender typing.
b.natural selection.
c.behavior genetics.
d.gender schemas.
d. an evolutionary perspective
It has been suggested that older men in all cultures tend to marry women younger than themselves because men are genetically predisposed to seek female features associated with youthful fertility. This suggestion best illustrates

a.social learning theory.
b.behavior genetics.
c.Freudian psychology.
d.an evolutionary perspective
c. touch and massage
Premature babies are especially likely to gain weight if stimulated by

a.sound and music.
b.light and colors.
c.touch and massage.
d.movement and acceleration
a. norms
At a social gathering, Latin Americans may behave in a manner that North Americans consider intrusive and overly expressive. This best illustrates the importance of being sensitive to differing

a.norms.
b.genomes.
c.gender identities.
d.behavior genetics.
c. collectivism
Displays of self-effacing humility are most characteristic of those who value
a.individualism.
b.gender typing.
c.collectivism.
d.gender schemas.
c. decreasing; decreasing
Over the last century, Western parents have placed ________ priority on teaching children to respect and obey parents and ________ priority on teaching them loyalty to their country.

a.decreasing; increasing
b.increasing; decreasing
c.decreasing; decreasing
d.increasing; increasing
b. social relationships
Compared with males, females are more likely to base their sense of personal identity on their

a.gender.
b.social relationships.
c.educational accomplishments.
d.socially distinctive personality traits
c. gender typing
The acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role is called

a.sexual orientation.
b.behavior genetics.
c.gender typing.
d.gender identification
b. schemas
Concepts of masculinity and femininity that influence our perceptions are called gender

a.types.
b.schemas.
c.roles.
d.complexes.