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Race and Religion Final-historical movements
Terms in this set (21)
Pope Alexander VI issued a papal bull May 4, 1493 that granted sovereignty to Spain and Portugal and determined indigenous peoples had souls and needed to be converted. Origin of the active colonization of native peoples
Legend of Tepeyac
(1531) story of Juan Diego; Our Lady Of Guadeloupe appeared to Juan Diego as an indigenous person
De Las Casas
His extensive writings, the most famous being A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies and Historia de Las Indias, chronicle the first decades of colonization of the West Indies and focus particularly on the atrocities committed by the colonizers against the indigenous peoples.
Johnson v. M'Intosh
(1823) Native Americans cannot sell land and have no property rights; claim to discovery superseded claim to occupancy
(1682) anyone not born in a Christian country and any Native is a slave
Virginia Slavery Statute
(1705) even black Christians were slaves
Indian Removal Act
(1830) authorized the President Andrew Jackson to negotiate with Indian tribes in the Southern United States for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their homelands
Great Nation of Futurity
1865. Amendement abolishing and continually prohibiting slavery. With limited exception, such as those guilty of comitting a crime, it also prevents indentured servitude.
Chinese Workers on Trans-Continental Railroad
Chinese Exclusion Act
(1882) one of the most significant restrictions on free immigration in US history, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers
(1890) U.S. cavalry slaughter of Native Americans marketing the end of the Indian Wars on the Great Plain
Separate but equal
Principle upheld in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) in which the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public facilities was legal.
Homeless unemployed black Americans were arrested and fined as vagrants. Usually, the person could not afford the fine, and so was sent to county labor or hired out to a private employer
Mexican American War
1846 - 1848 - President Polk declared war on Mexico over the dispute of land in Texas. At the end, American ended up with 55% of Mexico's land.
Federal Housing Act
1934--revolutionized home ownership by creating our current financial mortgaging system. In the process, it produced a lending structure which helped to solidify the racial segregation that still exists today.
-redlining marked Black neighborhood ineligible for mortgages
Social Security Act
1935-An act to provide for the general welfare by establishing a system of Federal old-age benefits, and by enabling the several States to make more adequate provision for aged persons, blind persons, dependent and crippled children, maternal and child welfare, public health, and the administration of their unemployment compensation laws; to establish a Social Security Board; to raise revenue; and for other purposes.
-but also exclusionary and v racist
Immigration Acts 1924
limited the annual number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country to 2% of the number of people from that country who were already living in the United States in 1890, down from the 3% cap set by the Immigration Restriction Act of 1921, according to the Census of 1890.
Immigration Acts 1952
-was meant to exclude certain immigrants from immigrating to America, post World War II and in the early Cold War.
-moved away from excluding immigrants based simply upon country of origin. Instead it focused upon denying immigrants who were unlawful, immoral, diseased in any way, politically radical etc. and accepting those who were willing and able to assimilate into the US economic, social, and political structures, which restructured how immigration law was handled.
-excluded anyone remotely associated with communism
Brown v Board of Education
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
Immigration and Nationality Act
1965-abolished the national origins quota system that was American immigration policy since the 1920s, replacing it with a preference system that focused on immigrants' skills and family relationships with citizens or U.S. residents. Numerical restrictions on visas were set at 170,000 per year, with a per-country-of-origin quota
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