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Ap Human Geography-Chapter 13-Urbanization
Terms in this set (60)
Legal process where a city adds land.
Area of land corresponding roughly to the boundaries of a US neighborhood.
City's reach into the surrounding region.
Transforming part of a city into an area designated for economic activity.
Outermost zone where people live in residential suburbs but drive into the central business district to work.
Concentric zone model
Urban structure where groups of people are arranged in rings.
Dispersement of decision-making from a central authority.
Gradual change in the crowdedness from the center of a city to its outskirts.
Large node of office and retail activity on the outskirts of a city.
Process where ownership of a house changes from single-family to eventual abandonment.
Urban settlement that serves as a connector to two areas.
Change from a low-income neighborhood to a predominantly middle-class neighborhood.
Cities with over one million in population.
A ring of land designed to limit city sprawl.
Checkerboard development pattern for the construction of new buildings.
Typical poorer parts of a central city area.
Invasion and succession
Domination of new immigrants in neighborhoods, overtaking this dominance from older immigrant groups.
When a person lives in one suburb and travels to another suburb for employment.
Cities with more than 10 million people.
Large urban areas practically connected to one another.
Metropolitan statistical area
A city with at least 50,000 population in the US, its county, and the surrounding smaller counties.
Micropolitan statistical area
A city between 10,000 to 30,000 population and its surrounding counties that have ties to this urban area.
Multiple nuclei model
Urban structure where activities are centered around more than one node.
Peak land value intersection
Area with greatest commercial value.
North American model of urban areas with suburbs surrounding an inner city, tied together by a beltway.
Settlement that has grown according to some design initiated in the beginning of its settlement.
A service-oriented urban area.
Residential buildings owned by the government with rent typically a percentage of a person's income.
Where real estate agents guide people to or from neighborhoods based on ethnic considerations.
Where banks illegally refuse to lend money for certain areas of a town.
Where land is prohibited for certain uses due to contractual agreements.
Rush (or peak) hour
Time periods for the heaviest volumes of traffic.
Urban structure where city residents live in wedges emanating out from the central business district.
Separation of people based on ethnic or some other differences.
Legislation designed to limit sprawl.
Development of new housing outside more dense sections of an urban area.
Section of an urban area or its surroundings in an LDC where residents establish illegal residences on land they do not own.
Street pattern (grid, dendritic, access, control)
Can be set up as either dendritic or grid.
Area connected to a city mainly for residential purposes which may have its own retail activities to support its residents.
Movement of middle- and high-income people cities outskirts.
Building with little safety or sanitation where people rent rooms.
Group of people locked in a perpetual cycle of poverty.
Urban growth rate
The speed at which an urban population grows.
Urban management of clean water solutions for a city.
The physical form and structure of cities.
Identifying blighted areas of a city, clearing the area, and upgrading infrastructure to sell land to private developers.
Increase in the percentage and number of people living in cities.
Proportion of a country's population living in a city.
Zone in transition
Mixed area of commercial and residential surrounding the central business district.
Law limiting land usage and development density.
Squatter settlements found in the periphery of Latin American cities
Similar to a landscape, but used to refer to that of a large urban area.
Council of government
A cooperative agency consisting of representatives of local governments in a metropolitan area in the United States.
City currently not having a significant population but increasing in size at a fast rate.
Neighborhood, typically situated in a larger metropolitan city and constructed by or comprised of a local culture, in which a local culture can practice its customs.
A shantytown or slum, especially in Brazil.
Agglomeration of office buildings with facilities established for infrastructure to enhance the possibility of business success.
Postmodern urban landscape
The material character of a more contemporary urban area.
A district of a city marked by poverty and inferior living conditions.
Smaller landscapes than symbolize a bigger area or category.
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