Terms in this set (42)
What is the main issue in the "Ethical Theory and Bribery" article?
In third world countries, bribery is a way of life, and how should Christians respond.
What is the legal stance on bribery?
Officially illegal in practically all countries.
What example is given to not confuse the definition of bribery?
Gift vs. Bribe. A gift helps create moral relationships, a bribe undermines it.
What are the 3 perspectives of bribery from a Christian viewpoint?
1. Deontological Ethics
2. Teleological Ethics
3. Prima Facie
Define Deontological Ethics
Right or Wrong are the only two possibilities. Regardless of culture.
Define Teleological Ethics
The most loving choice. Goodness determined by outcome.
What is wrong with Deontological ethics?
Includes the ideals of moralism, which doesn't factor in reality.
What is wrong with Teleological Ethics?
Includes the ideals of situational ethics, which could lead to the danger of subjective rationalization.
What does the Bible say about bribery?
Bible is not absolute on the stance of bribery. Proverbs chapters 15-22 has 3 negative and 3 positive references on bribery.
When is bribery in the Bible good?
When reflecting a utilitarian approach to ethics for those who have no other means of receiving justice. Proverbs 18:16
When is bribery in the Bible bad?
When those who accept bribes in order to do wrong. Proverbs 17:23
What is Prima Facie?
A middle ground concept - we all live in a fallen, sinful world where what ought to be is sometimes impossible. Means "on first assessment" - Absolutes for all cultures stance.
What does Prima Facie bring?
Necessary evils, to uphold a higher value. Will still bring guilt or sin.
What are the 3 rules Christians should have to best handle this situation?
1. Know our absolute core values
2. Avoid situations of value conflict
What is the main idea in "Mission as an Organizing Principle"
We need a purpose that does not change and provides meaning.
What are the main points in "Mission as an Organizing Principle"
* Live & Believe in the Mission to be effective
* Align Values with Mission
* Establish Goals
* Contribute to a Cause
* Consider & Focus on the Person as a Whole
* Bring Meaning to Work
* Leaders should be cross trained
* Be prepared to serve
* Do not Judge
* Organizations can become communities
* People are the souls of an organization
What is the main idea of "Building Healthy Organizations"
Create organizations in which people can flourish is uniquely suited to the Judo Christian theological imagination. Genesis 1:26-29
What are main points of how to build a healthy organization?
* Have a more robust theology of humanity
* Create a relationship based model
* When human capacity is fully developed, the creator is honored.
* Integrate private and public worlds
* Find areas of common ground & contribute to society
* Be concerned about productivity & well-being
* Know & understand potential of workers
* Polices accurately understood
* Be a good mentor
* Leadership aware of the human factor
What is the main idea to help Christians understand the Ethics of Executive Pay?
Define Distributive Justice
Socially just allocation of goods within a society. Impartially rendering what's due, treat equally. Relevant to setting wages.
Biblical Support for Ethical Executive Payment
Book of Isaiah - Establishes God's justice
What does the Bible say about payment?
Bible talks about conditions in which people should be paid, not how much.
What is suggested as the conclusion to ethical wages?
Have concern for the poor
The dangers of wealth
What are the 4 standards of the ethics for the management accounting profession?
Know what to do & what not to do
What you can say & what not to say
Consistency of doing what is right
Unbiased, objective, truthful
Understand the Role: Auditors, FASB, Gov't
Explain the Expectation Gap
Difference between what accounting firms can do and what customers expect.
What does the Sarbains Oxyly Act of 2002 do?
Improved financial disclosures from corporations to prevent accounting fraud. Made accounting departments more transparent.
Bill Owens Facts
* Worked for HealthSouth - Outpatient Rehabilitation
* Financial Fraud for 16 years
* Spent 43 months in prison
* Pressure from WallStreet
* Smooth Growth - only in regulated industry
* Growth at 25% when 15% was stretch
In the "Making Consumers" article, define "deification of dissatisfaction"
A result of modern consumerism, idealization and constant encouragement of insatiability.
Points in the "Making Consumers" article
* Affluence & consumer oriented capitalism has caused good & bad
* Market will say/sell anything
* Feelings have become a consumer category
* Actual consumption is likely to be a disillusioning experience - real products cannot live up to imagination
* Perpetually dissatisfied
* Economic efficiency has replaced God
In "Jesus is a Brand of Jeans," what are the main criticisms of advertising?
* Products are more important than people
* Products love you
* People are turned into objects
* Objectify people, trivialize emotions & relationships
* Exploits human desires
* Depletes human resources
* Creates cynicism, dissatisfaction, and craving.
What does the response, "Truth About Advertising" say?
* Negative stereotype of all advertising
* Undermines possible reform
* No objective portrayal
* Not representative of all ads
* Biased content
* 3 inaccuracies
What are "Jesus is a Brand of Jeans" 3 inaccuracies?
1. Narrow view of advertising - not defined
2. Misrepresentation of the marketing concept (seller wants to satisfy)
3. Advertising is responsible for all social ills
What are the 4 recommendations for marketing and advertising?
1. Marketing should be open, honest, and transparent.
2. Marketing should appeal to healthier parts of the human soul.
3. Marketers should be mindful of the vulnerable.
4. Marketing should be casted in the least invasive manner possible
What are the 5 Ethical Myths?
1. It's easy to be ethical
2. Unethical behavior is a result of bad apples
3. Ethics can be managed through a formal ethic codes
4. Ethical leadership is mostly about leader integrity
5. People are less ethical than they used to be
First 5 Servant Leadership Principles
1. Keep your eyes and your mind on what's important.
2. Servants are adept at selling their ideas.
3. Let people know what you're doing and why.
4. Leaders must be good listeners.
5. People who feel good about themselves produce good results.
Next 5 Servant Leadership Principles
6. Short and frequent praising helps others.
7. Discipline or reprimand, if handled properly, is effective even in a voluntary organization.
8. Servants seek responsibility instead of dodging it.
9. Give people feedback on results.
10. Leaders vividly rehearse coming events in their mind.
Last 3 Servant Leadership Principles
11. They bear rejection and loss well.
12. Leaders must be able to reject perfectionism and act.
13. The single most effective way to develop good leaders is to let them see a good leader in action.