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Concepts Science: Chapter 4 Quiz Questions & Answers
Terms in this set (15)
How does an area's weather differ from thee area's climate?
a. Weather involves temperature and precipitation and climate involves only temperature.
b. An area's weather depends on where it's located on Earth and the areas climate does not.
c. An area's weather does not change very much and an area's climate changes many times.
d. Weather is the area's day-to-day conditions and climate is the area's average conditions.
The tendency for warm air to rise and cool air to sink results in...
a. global wind patterns.
b. ocean upwelling
c. the seasons
d. regional precipitation
The greenhouse effect is...
a. something that has only occurred for the last 50 years.
b. a natural phenomenon that maintains Earth's temperature range.
c. the result of the differences in the angle of the sun's rays.
d. an unnatural phenomenon that causes heat energy to be radiated back in to the atmosphere.
An organisms niche is...
a. the range of physical and biologicial conditions in which an organism lives and the way it obtains what it needs to survive and reproduce
b. all the physical and biological factors in the organism's environment
c. the range of temperatures that the organism needs to survive.
d. a full description of the place an organism lives
Several species of warblers can live in the same spruce tree only because they...
a. have different habitats within the tree
b. don't eat food from the tree
c. occupy different niches within the tree
d. can find different temperatures within the tree.
No two species can occupy the same niche in the same habitat at the same unless...
a. because of the interactions that shape the ecosystem
b. unless the species require different abiotic factors.
c. because of the competitive exclusion principle.
d. unless the species require different biotic factors.
What would happen if the population of the bird species shown in the eco system to the right was suddenly decrease?
a. the fish population would decrease
b. the fish population would increase
c. the fish population would remain the same
d. fish would leave the ecosystem
A wolf pack hunts, kills, and feeds on a moose. In this interaction, the wolves are...
A symbiotic relationship in which both species benefit is...
How are parasitism different from commensalism?
a. both organisms benefit in parasitism and only one organism benefit in commensalism
b. one organism benefits in parasitism and no organisms benefit in commensalism
c. one organism is harmed in parasitism and no organisms are harmed in commensalism
What is one difference between primary and secondary succession?
a. primary is rapid and secondary is slow
b. secondary begins on soil and primary begins on newly exposed surfaces
c. primary modifies the environment and secondary does not.
d. secondary begins with lichens and primary begins with trees.
When farming over grazing, climate change, and/or seasonal drought change farm land into land that cannot support plant life is called...
As DDT moves up the trophic levels in food chains or food webs, its concentration...
a. stays the same
d. is eliminated
The land and water ecosystems that provide the resources that a person uses and that neutralize that person's waste is part of that person's...
a. ecological footprint
Explain the greenhouse effect in detail and how it works.
The greenhouse effect is the process in which carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapor trap sunlight energy in the Earth's atmosphere as heat. If greenhouse gas concentrations rise, they trap more heat, so Earth warms. If greenhouse gas concentrations fall, more heat escapes, so Earth cools.
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