Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Comm 127 final exam study guide
Terms in this set (30)
Eagly's findings regarding male and female leaders
1. Meta analyses suggest few differences between men and women.
2. Reliance on stereotypes contributes to a perpetuation of difference myths.
3. Poor theorizing contributed to misconceptions.
Role Congruity Theory of prejudice toward female leaders
Women are rated as significantly more effective than men. But men rate themselves significantly more effective than women rate themselves.
Perceiving women less favorably than men as potential occupants of leadership roles and evalutating behavior that fulfills the prescription of a leader role less favorably when it is enacted by a women
Role congruity theory
the descriptive and prescriptive aspects of the female gender stereotype are incongruent with the leadership role. That incongruity leads to prejudice against women leaders.
Stereotypic female leadership style
take care; not take charge
1. Demonstrates qualities that motivate respect and pride from association with him or her.
2. Communicates values, purpose, and importance of organization's mission.
3. Exhibits optimism and excitement about goals and future states.
4. Examines new perspectives for solving problems and completing tasks.
5. Focuses on development and mentoring of followers and attends to their individual needs.
1. Provides rewards for satisfactory performance by followers.
2. Active: Attends to followers' mistakes and failures to meet standards.
3. Passive: Waits until problems become severe before attending to them and intervening.
Exhibits frequent absence and lack of involvement during critical junctures.
Female leaders are more often
Gender and perceptions of leadership effectiveness
all of the aspects of leadership style on which women exceeded men relate positively to leaders' effectiveness. Whereas all of the aspects on which men exceeded women have negative or null relations to leader's effectiveness.
Bright side personality characteristics
1. adjustment/emotional stability.
2. sociability/social ascendance.
3. Agreeableness/Interpersonal sensitivity
Four of the five dimensions were significantly correlated with leadership emergence and effectiveness.
Dark side personality characteristics
1. Moving away: excitable, skeptical, cautious, reserved and leisurely.
2. Moving against: arrogant, mischievous, colorful and imaginative.
3. Moving toward: diligent and dutiful.
Connections primarily with failure; unable to build a team.
Why are dark-side dimensions associated with managerial failure?
Because they all concern behavior that alienate subordinates and prevent managers from being able to build a team which is the defining feature of leadership.
Implicit leadership theory
the idea that negative and misleading stereotypes about their leadership ability persist and commonly result in evaluative bias and discrimination
Sandberg and childcare
She argues that professional women need to measure the cost of child care against their future salary rather than their current salary.
Sandberg and housework and childcare in most marriages
when a husband and wife are both employed full-time the mother does 40 percent more child care and about 30 percent more housework than the father. Only 9 percent of people in dual-earner marriages said that they shared housework, child care, and breadwinning evenly.
Sandberg and make your partner your real partner.
When women work outside the home and share breadwinning duties, couples are more likely to stay together.
Sandberg and don't leave before you leave
Women choose between succeeding at work and being a good mother; don't leave the workforce until/unless you have to. Women shouldn't be thinking about leaving work for motherhood until the time comes.
Sandberg and taking a seat at the table.
"If they don't give you a seat at the table, bring in a folding chair." Sandberg discusses a story where women in a meeting seemed like spectators rather than participants due to their seating choice. She argues you should sit at the table even without an invitation.
Sandberg and internal barriers
holy trinity of fear that surrounds women: 1. fear of being a bad mother.
2. Fear of being a bad wife.
3. Fear of being a bad daughter.
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
Activist and lawyer. Arrested for refusing to move to the back of a bus in Richmond, Virginia. She organized sit-ins that desegregated restaurants in D.C. She urged classmates to head south to fight for civil rights. Rejected from Harvard due to her sex. She challenged the "separate" aspect of "separate but equal" which led to Brown vs Board.
the double discrimination of being PoC and female. Inspired by Pauli Murray
Reed v. Reed
an Equal Protection case in the United States in which the Supreme Court ruled that the administrators of estates cannot be named in a way that discriminates between sexes.
Sandra Day O'Connor
first woman supreme court justice. appointed by Reagan. Her swing vote decided to save abortion rights, preserve affirmative action, a make George W. Bush president. She is the most consequential woman in American history.
The ways in which interruption impacts oral arguments
1. They affect case outcomes.
2. They serve as the only opportunity for outsiders to directly witness the behavior of the justices.
3. Interruptions are highly gendered.
gendered interruption is categorized by this. When a man either unnecessarily explains something to a woman or explains to a third party what the woman is "trying to say."
"If they don't give you a seat at the table, bring in a folding chair." Congresswoman, first african american woman elected to congress.
Research conducted by the Girl Scouts
1. boys play games for fun while girls use tech to learn.
2. girls also read books and articles on devices more than boys do.
3. girls are more inclined to use technology to create something new
4. regardless, boys remain more confident in their skills than girls.
5. boys are more likely to think of themselves as the tech expert in their family.
6. parents tend to give boys more credit for figuring out new technology.
7. according to the story, timing is crucial. girls are more interested in STEM careers in middle school but that number drops sharply upon high school.
Steve Jobs success
In "Brotopia" by Emily Chang she discusses how the success of Steve Jobs inadvertently resulted in boys having an advantage over girls in computer science
high achiever underestimates ability and achievement, despite evidence
Sets with similar terms
Psych 291 Terms
Chapter 7 Women and Work
soc 211 quiz 3
Other sets by this creator
Comm 116 Internet Final Exam Study Guide
Comm 139 Nabi Midterm
Comm 107 Interpersonal Exam 1
Comm 184 Final Exam Study Guide UCSB
Recommended textbook solutions
John Lund, Paul S. Vickery, P. Scott Corbett, Todd Pfannestiel, Volker Janssen
Tonal Harmony, Workbook
Byron Almen, Dorothy Payne, Stefan Kostka
America's History for the AP Course
Eric Hinderaker, James A. Henretta, Rebecca Edwards, Robert O. Self
The Language of Composition: Reading, Writing, Rhetoric
Lawrence Scanlon, Renee H. Shea, Robin Dissin Aufses