AP Human Geography Unit 2: Population and Migration
Terms in this set (50)
The average weather conditions in an area over a long period of time. Is a common factor people use when choosing where to live.
A natural feature of the earth's surface that influence where people live.
Bodies of water
Oceans, rivers, lakes, gulfs, etc that influence where people live and migrate to.
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.
The study of how society manages its resources and money.
The study of past events, specifically looking at population and migration trends around the world.
The government of a place which often has a big impact on how people live and where they move to.
The arrangement of people something across Earth's surface.
The total number of people divided by the total land area.
The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
The number of farmers per unit area of farmland (arable land).
The largest population that an environment can support at any given time
A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.
A group of buyers and sellers of a particular good or service
The characteristics of a population with respect to age, race, and gender.
The production of offspring within a population
Form of relocation diffusion involving permanent move to a new location.
rate of natural increase
The annual rate of population growth (birth rate-death rate)
population doubling time
The number of years it takes a population to double; calculated by dividing the number 72 by the rate of natural increase
Demographic Transition Model
A sequence of demographic changes in which a country moves from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates through time.
The process of change in the distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition
an English economist and demographer; all biological populations have a potential for increase that exceeds the actual rate of increase, and the resources for the support of increase are limited
The theory that population grows faster than food supply and resources
government policies that encourage child birth such as tax breaks and flexible work hours
Government action that assigns a negative value to birth and discourage high fertility rates.
the deeply rooted system of principles that guide individuals in their everyday choices and interactions that influence family sizes across the globe
birth control/prevention of pregnancy
Ravenstein's Laws of Migration
Laws of migration established in the 1980s based on studies carried out in the U.K.
birth rate (crude birth rate)
the number of live births per thousand of population per year.
death rate (crude death rate)
the number of deaths per 1,000 people in a population in a given year
A figure indicating how long, on average, a person may be expected to live
The number of people under age 15 and over age 64 compared to the number of people active in the labor force
a factor that causes people to leave their homelands and migrate to another region
Positive conditions and perceptions that effectively attract people to new locales from other areas
The presence of a nearer positive opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away.
An environmental or cultural feature of the landscape or region that hinders migration.
Human migration flows in which the movers have no choice but to relocate.
the condition of being owned by another person and being made to work without wages (example of forced migration)
A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster
internally displaced person
Someone who has been forced to migrate for similar political reasons as a refugee but has not migrated across an international border (relocates within the same country)
Someone who has migrated to another country in the hope of being recognized as a refugee
Permanent movement undertaken by choice.
regular movement of a person between two or more countries resulting in a new cultural identity
The seasonal migration of herders and livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.
Permanent movement within a particular country.
migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
Migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages, for example, from farm to nearby village and later to a town and city
citizens of poorer countries who obtain jobs in Western Europe and the Middle East for a certain amount of time. Their goal is to make as much money as possible to send home to their families.
Permanent movement from suburbs and rural area to the urban city area.
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