Terms in this set (36)
ABAB Reversal Design
A type of single case experimental design in which a baseline of behavior is first taken (A) followed by an intervention phase (B), then a return to baseline phase, during which the intervention is removed (A), and a final phase in which the intervention is reintroduced (B). When changes in behavior only occur during the intervention phases, this provides evidence that changes in behavior are due to the intervention.
Research that evaluates a specific variable of interest under conditions that only resemble or approximate the situation to which one wishes to generalize.
Evidence of some form of agreement on the part of a child to participate in a research study without the child's having the full understanding of the research that would be needed to give informed consent.
An intensive and usually anecdotal observation and analysis of an individual subject.
A group of individuals who are followed over time and who experience the same cultural or historical events during the same time period.
The overlapping of two or more disorders at a rate that is greater than would be expected by chance alone.
A number that describes the degree of association between two variables of interest.
Cross Sectional Research
A method of research whereby different individuals at different ages/stages of development are studied at the same point in time.
An electro psychological measure of brain functioning whereby electrodes are taped to the surface of the subjects scalp to record the electrical activity of the brain. These recordings are sensitive to changes in state and emotionality, thereby making them particularly useful for studying social and emotional processes.
The study of the incidence, prevalence, and co-occurrence of childhood disorders and competencies in clinic-referred and community samples.
The degree to which findings can be generalized, or extended to people, settings, times, measures, and characteristics other than ones in the original study.
The rate at which new cases of disorder appear over a specified period of time.
An individuals expressed willingness to participate in a research study, based on his or her understanding of the nature of the research, the potential risks and benefits involved, the expected outcomes, and possible alternatives.
The extent to which an intended manipulation of a variable, rather than extraneous influences, accounts for observed results, changes, or group difference.
A method of research whereby the same individuals are studied at different ages/stages of development.
the process, mechanism, or means through which a variable produces a specific outcome
a factor that influences the direction or strength of a relationship between variables
Multiple Baseline Design
A single-case experimental design in which the effect of a treatment is shown by demonstrating that behaviors in more than one baseline change as a result of the institution of a treatment.
Experiments in which comparisons are made between preexisting conditions or treatments (i.e., random assignment is not used).
the unstructured observation of a child in his or her natural environment
A method of examining the structure and/or function of the brain. The procedures include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computing tomographic (CT) scan, positron-emission tomography (PET), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and diffusion MRI (dMRI).
The number of cases of a disorder, whether new or previously existing, that are observed during a specified period of time.
research for which the purpose is to describe, interpret, and understand the phenomenon of interest in the context in which it is experienced
The assignment of research participants to treatment conditions whereby each participant has an equal chance of being assigned to either condition. This increases the likelihood that characteristics other than the independent variable will be equally distributed across treatment groups.
Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs)
A design used to evaluate treatment outcomes in which children with a particular problem are randomly assigned to various treatment and control conditions.
Real Time Protective Designs
Research design in which the research sample is identified and then followed longitudinally over time, with data collected at specified time intervals.
The extent to which the results of an experiment is consistent or repeatable.
Generally viewed as a systematic way of finding answers to questions, a method of inquiry that follows certain rules.
the strategies used to examine questions of interest. They detail the ways in which a researcher arranges conditions to draw valid inferences about the variables of interest.
a research design in which people in the research sample are asked to provide information relating to an earlier time
Single Case Experimental Designs
A type of research design most frequently used to evaluate the impact of a clinical treatment on a subject's problem. Single-case experimental designs involve repeated assessment of behavior over time, the replication of treatment effects on the same subject over time, and the subject serving as his or her own control by experiencing all treatment conditions.
The process by which a set of standards or norms is specified for a measurement procedure so that it can be used consistently across different assessments.
Observation of a subject, usually occurring in a clinic or laboratory, in which the subject is given specific tasks or instructions to carry out, and researchers look for specific information.
The degree to which a treatment can be shown to work in actual clinical practice, as opposed to under controlled laboratory conditions.
An experiment in which the researcher has maximum control over the independent variable or conditions of interest, and in which the researcher can use random assignment of subjects to groups, can include needed control conditions, and can control possible sources of bias.
the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to
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