Unit 2 -Population and Migration
Terms in this set (47)
Programs instituted to decrease the number of births (contraception, family planning) Ex: One Child Policy of China
The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture Ex: N/A
Land that is suitable for cultivation Ex: Flatland of the Midwest
Arthmetic density (Population Density)
The total number of people divided by the total land area. Ex: New Jersey has population Density of 1205 people per sq mile.
The protection granted by a nation to someone who has left their native country as a political refugee. Ex: Vietnamese who were in danger for have helped America during the war who were allowed into America.
Largest number of individuals of a population that a environment can support. Ex: N/A
Migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there Ex: Swedish people of the same community who all settled in a town in Minnesota.
Child Mortality Rate (CMR)
Number of deaths of children from the age of 1 to 5 per 1,000 live births in that year Ex: N/A
Counter migration/Return migration
The return of migrants to the regions from which they earlier emigrated. EX: Iraqi's who had moved to neighboring countries during the war who are moving back.
Crude Birth Rate (CBR)
The total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society. EX:N/A
Crude Death Rate (CDR)
The total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society. Ex: N/A
The scientific study of population characteristics. EX: N/A
Demographic Accounting Equation
An equation that summarizes the amount of growth or decline in a population within a country during a particular time period taking into account both natural increase and net migration. Ex: N/A
The ratio of the economically dependent part (people who cant work (young, old and sick) of the population to the productive part (those who can work Ages 15-65). Ex: N/A
Those in the under 15 years and over 65 years age groups. People in these age groups are dependent on those in the working age groups, either directly or indirectly for support. Ex: School aged children and elderly
The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase. Ex: Mexico at it's current rate will double in population in 22 years
The portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement. EX: N/A
Movement of individuals out of a population's area and into and different population area. Ex: My Grandfather emigrated from Poland to America
Being able to reproduce. EX: A women who is physiologically able to have children.
Human migration flows in which the movers have no choice but to relocate. Ex: African slaves brought to America
Legal immigrant who has work visa, usually short term who is working in a country often at a job that can not be filled otherwise. Ex: Worker in Oil fields in Saudi Arabia who entered the country form elsewhere and will go back after a period of time.
the movement of individuals into a population area from another population area. Ex: I Immigrated to Indiana from Illinois
The movement of people within a region Ex: People who move from one house to another within Chicago.
The permanent movement within a particular country. Ex: My movement to Indiana from Illinois
Internally Displaced Person (IDP)
People forced to migrate for reasons like refugees, but don't migrate internationally. Ex: People displaced by Hurricane Katrina
Permanent movement from one country to another. Ex: My father from poland.
An environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration. Ex: The Himalayas make migration between India and China difficult. Communism prevented people from traveling out of Eastern Europe
The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away.
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
The total number of deaths in a year among infants under one year of age for every 1,000 live births in a society. Ex: N/A
The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions. Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live. Ex: People in America have a life expectancy of about 80 years
Movement of people from one place to another Ex: N/A
Natural Increase Rate (NIR)
The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate. Ex: CBR of 20 CDR of 7 = NIR 1.3
The number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living. Ex:Bangladesh?
Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and healthier lives. Ex; Malaria drugs in south east Asia
The ability to move place to place. Ex: N/A
Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population. Ex: Aids
The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture. Ex:N/A
People ages 15-64 that are expected to be the society's labor force Ex:N/a
Government policies to increase the rate of natural increase. Ex: Tax incentives for having children.
Push Factors of Immigration
Incentives for potential migrants to leave a place, such as a harsh climate, economic recession, or political turmoil. Ex: The collapse of the Auto industry in Detroit
Pull Factors of Immigration
Positive conditions and perceptions that effectively attract people to new locales from other areas. Ex: An abundance of jobs in the Southwest.
A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster Ex: Syrians, Iraqi's victims of Katrina
Migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages. EX: From farm to nearby village and later to a town and city
Total Fertility Rate (TFR)
The average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years. Ex: N/A
a process of movement and settlement across international borders in which individuals maintain or build multiple networks of connection to their country of origin while at the same time settling in a new country
Movement of an individual who consciously and voluntarily decides to locate to a new area- the opposite of forced migration Ex: A family that moves west because a parent received a better job.
A fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers. Ex: KKK
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